Maze Hill railway station

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Maze Hill National Rail
Maze Hill stn building.JPG
Maze Hill is located in Greater London
Maze Hill
Maze Hill
Location of Maze Hill in Greater London
Location Maze Hill
Local authority Greenwich
Managed by Southeastern
Station code MZH
Number of platforms 2
Accessible Yes [1]
Fare zone 3
National Rail annual entry and exit
2004–05 Increase 0.540 million[2]
2005–06 Increase 0.565 million[2]
2006–07 Increase 0.786 million[2]
2007–08 Increase 0.838 million[2]
2008–09 Decrease 0.788 million[2]
2009–10 Increase 0.795 million[2]
2010–11 Increase 0.879 million[2]
2011–12 Increase 0.918 million[2]
2012–13 Increase 0.935 million[2]
Key dates
1 January 1873 Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°28′57″N 0°00′11″E / 51.4826°N 0.0030°E / 51.4826; 0.0030

Maze Hill railway station, in the Maze Hill area of Greenwich, London, is the closest railway station to Greenwich Park, being about two minutes walk from the north-east corner of the park.

History[edit]

Maze Hill station opened in 1873 by the South Eastern Railway (SER) and for five years functioned as a terminus on a line linked to the North Kent Line just west of Charlton. On 1 February 1878 a cut-and-cover tunnel link between Greenwich and Maze Hill was opened, completing a through line from the original London and Greenwich Railway to the North Kent Line.[3][4]

In 1899 the SER handed over its operations to a new organisation co-owned with the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR), which traded as the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR); the line and station continued to be owned and maintained by the SER.[5]

In the 1923 Grouping, the SER and LCDR amalgamated with other railways to form the Southern Railway (SR).[6] Three years later in 1926 the line through Maze Hill was electrified using the 750V DC third rail system. A limited electric service started on 10 May with a full electric service being operated from 19 July.[7]

In 1948 following nationalization the station became part of British Railways (Southern Region).

On 4 July 1958 there was a collision between two trains at Maze Hill. The 09.41 electric passenger train from Gravesend Central to Charing Cross ran past the Up Home signal at danger and collided head-on with a nine-coach empty steam passenger stock train which was being shunted slowly from the Up Sidings across the Up line towards the Down line. The accident occurred as the empty train was entering the crossover leading from the Up to the Down line. The passenger train was approaching the station at about 40 mph when the motorman (driver), who had failed to observe the home signal, saw the obstruction ahead and applied the brakes. His action was too late to be effective and the collision occurred at a speed of about 25 mph. Forty-three people were injured although none seriously.[8]

In 1982 following the establishment of three passenger business sectors, Maze Hill was part of the London & South Eastern business sector which became Network South East in 1986. Following the 1994 UK rail privatization operation of the infrastructure became the responsibility of Railtrack, whilst passenger services were operated by Connex South Eastern. In 2003 the Strategic Rail Authority terminated the Connex franchise and for the next three years the train service was run by a state owned company South Eastern Trains. Operation then transferred to Southeastern on 1 April 2006 and they are currently (in 2014) contracted to run trains until June 2018.[9] Following financial problems Network Rail took over operation of the infrastructure in 2002.

In April 2002 the station was the scene of a fight between Charlton Athletic and Southampton football hooligans that became known as The Battle of Maze Hill.

Location[edit]

The station lies at the eastern end of a tunnel underneath the grounds of the National Maritime Museum - itself only a 5- to 10-minute walk away through the park.

The station allows passengers to board west-bound trains to Greenwich and Deptford and then on to central London, and east-bound trains towards Dartford and north Kent.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service from the station is:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Greenwich   Southeastern
Greenwich line
  Westcombe Park

References[edit]

  1. ^ "London and South East" (pdf). National Rail Enquiries. National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original on 6 March 2009. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ http://rail.felgall.com/ser.htm SER Lines and Stations
  4. ^ http://www.greenwich-guide.org.uk/february.htm#1 Greenwich Guide
  5. ^ Dendy Marshall, C.F.; Kidner, R.W. (1963) [1937]. History of the Southern Railway. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 355. ISBN 0-7110-0059-X. 
  6. ^ Dendy Marshall & Kidner 1963, p. 391
  7. ^ Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1990). Charing Cross to Dartford. Midhurst,UK: Middleton Press. p. 2. ISBN 0 906520 75 4. 
  8. ^ Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation. "Report on the Collision which occurred on 4th July 1958 at Maze Hill in the Southern Region British Railways". railwaysarchive.co.uk. HMSO London. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  9. ^ Department for Transport announces integrated Kent franchise - Publications - Department for Transport