Mazlan Othman

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Mazlan Othman
Mazlan Othman 20100615.jpg
Mazlan Othman
Born December 11, 1951
Seremban, Malaysia
Nationality Malaysian
Fields Astronomy
Alma mater University of Otago

Mazlan Binti Othman (born December 11, 1951) is a Malaysian astrophysicist who has served in several roles within her country, and as Director of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs in Vienna.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in Seremban, Malaysia, Mazlan attended Kolej Tunku Kurshiah, a Malaysian prominent boarding school in Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. Her aptitude for mathematics led to enrollment in a science curriculum, and though her family encouraged her to become a physician MD, she decided to pursue physics instead. She attended University of Otago in New Zealand on a Colombo plan scholarship, earning a BSc. (honors) in 1975. She joined the National University of Malaysia (UKM) as a tutor, but negotiated an extension to her scholarship and returned to Otago, earning her Ph.D. in physics in 1981 - the first woman to do so since the University was founded in 1869.[2]

Career[edit]

Dato' Mazlan Othman returned to Malaysia as the country's first astrophysicist, and worked to create a curriculum in astrophysics at the national university, as well as to build public awareness and understanding of astronomy and space issues. She also performed research for a semester at the Kiso Observatory in Japan.[3]

Her interest in public education was rewarded in 1990 when Prime Minister Mahathir bin Mohamad, a strong supporter of education and science, placed her in charge of the Planetarium Division of the Prime Minister's Department, overseeing development of Planetarium Negara, Malaysia's national planetarium in Kuala Lumpur.[4] After the planetarium opened in 1993, Mazlan was made Director General of the government's new Space Science Studies Division, where she launched a microsatellite development program. She received a full professorship the following year.

In November 1999, Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations, appointed Mazlan as Director of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) in Vienna.[5] At the request of Prime Minister Mahathir, she returned to Malaysia in July 2002 to serve for five years as the founding Director General of Angkasa, the Malaysian National Space Agency, where her work led to the launch of the first Malaysian astronaut, Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor.

Mazlan was reappointed as UNOOSA director in 2007 by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, and left Angkasa to return to the post that December.[6] At UNOOSA she deals with issues of international cooperation in space, prevention of collisions and space debris, use of space-based remote sensing platforms for sustainable development, coordination of space law between countries, and the risks posed by near-earth asteroids, among other topics.

In September 2010, several news sources reported the United Nations would soon appoint Mazlan to be the ambassador for extraterrestrial contact,[7][8] apparently basing their claims on remarks she made suggesting that the UN coordinate any international response to such contact, and her scheduled appearance on a Royal Society panel that October, "Towards a scientific and societal agenda on extra-terrestrial life."[9] However, a UN spokesperson dismissed the reports as "nonsense", dismissing any plan to expand the mandate of UNOOSA,[10] and in an email to The Guardian, Othman stated, in compliance to the wishes of the United Nations, "It sounds really cool but I have to deny it."[11] She later explained that her talk would illustrate how extraterrestrial affairs could become a topic of discussion at the UN, using as an example the advocacy that led to UN discussion of near-Earth objects and space debris.[12]

Honours[edit]

In the 1997 Agong's honours list, Tuanku Ja'afar, tenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia, conferred the federal decoration and order Panglima Jasa Negara (for meritorious service) on Mazlan, granting her the honorific "Datuk."[13]

Also in 1997, Mazlan's alma mater, the University of Otago, awarded her the degree of Honorary Doctor of Science.[14]

In 2009, for "her work in developing astronomy education in Malaysia and her leading national and international role in space science," the Institute of Physics awarded Mazlan its President's Medal.[15]

In 2013 she received the "Polarstern-Preis" (Polarstar Award) from the Austrian Space Forum for her engagement to fascinate for space above and beyond duty. [16]

Personal life[edit]

Dato' Mazlan Othman has two children and one grandchild. She lives with her daughter (youngest) in Vienna, Austria.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Past and Present Heads of the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA)". Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  2. ^ "Our History, University of Otago, New Zealand". Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  3. ^ Ishida, K.; Othman, M. (1988). "Surface distribution of M stars with different IRAS colour". Astrophysics and Space Science (ISSN 0004-640X) 148 (2): 239. Bibcode:1988Ap&SS.148..239I. doi:10.1007/BF00645963. 
  4. ^ "ASP: World Beat: Malaysia". 1994. Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  5. ^ "Secretary-General Appoints Mazlan Othman Director of Office for Outer Space Affairs". 1999-11-26. Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  6. ^ "Mazlan Othman retires as DG of Angkasa on Dec 10". 2007-12-12. Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  7. ^ Blake, Heidi (2010-09-26). "UN 'to appoint space ambassador to greet alien visitors'". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  8. ^ "United Nations to appoint space ambassador to act as first contact for aliens visiting Earth". Daily Mail (London). 2010-09-26. Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  9. ^ "Towards a scientific and societal agenda on extra-terrestrial life". Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  10. ^ "UN: Reported alien ambassador role is "nonsense"". Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  11. ^ Weaver, Matthew (2010-09-28). "UN plan for 'alien ambassador' a case of science fiction?". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-09-27. 
  12. ^ M. Othman, personal communication, 2010-09-29 
  13. ^ "List of Award Recipients". Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  14. ^ "Alumni Profile: Professor Datuk Dr Mazlan Othman". Retrieved 2009-05-30. 
  15. ^ "2009 President's Medal". Retrieved 2010-03-03. 
  16. ^ "Jubiläums-Polarsternpreis 2013 ergeht an Dr. Mazlan Othman". Retrieved 2013-04-13. 

External links[edit]