McDonald's advertising

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"I'm Lovin' It" redirects here. For the Justin Timberlake single, see I'm Lovin' It (song).
McDonald's
Type Public
Traded as NYSEMCD
Dow Jones Industrial Average Component
S&P 500 Component
Industry Restaurants
Founded May 15, 1940 in San Bernardino, California;
McDonald's Corporation, April 15, 1955 in Des Plaines, Illinois
Founders Richard and Maurice McDonald; Ray Kroc (Corporation).
Headquarters Oak Brook, Illinois, U.S.
Number of locations 35,000+ worldwide[1]
Area served Worldwide
Key people Andrew J. McKenna
(Chairman)
Don Thompson
(President and CEO)
Products Fast food
(hamburgers • chicken • french fries • soft drinks • coffee • milkshakes • salads • desserts • breakfast)
Revenue
  • Increase US$ 28.1057 billion (2013) [2]
  • Increase US$ 27.567 billion (2012) [2]
Operating income
  • Increase US$ 8.7643 billion (2013) [2]
  • Increase US$ 8.6046 billion (2012) [2]
Net income
  • Increase US$ 5.5859 billion (2013) [2]
  • Decrease US$ 5.4648 billion (2012) [2]
Total assets
  • Increase US$ 36.6263 billion (2013) [3]
  • Increase US$ 35.3865 billion (2012) [2]
Total equity
  • Increase US$ 16.0097 billion (2013) [3]
  • Increase US$ 15.2936 billion (2012) [2]
Employees 440,000 (2013) [4]
Website Global Corporate Website

McDonald's maintains an extensive advertising campaign. In addition to the usual media including television, radio, and newspaper ads, the company makes significant use of billboards and signage, sponsors sporting events ranging from Little League to the FIFA World Cup and Olympic Games, and makes coolers of orange drink with their logo available for local events of all kinds.[5] However, television ads remain the primary form of advertisement.

McDonald's has used 23 different slogans to advertise in the United States, as well as a few other slogans for select countries and regions.[6] At times, it has run into trouble with its campaigns.

History[edit]

There have been many McDonald's advertising campaigns and slogans over the years. The company is one of the most prevalent fast food advertisers, especially in the United States, where it spends the most advertising money of any fast-food restaurant and the fourth-most of any advertiser in the country.[7] McDonald's Canada's corporate website states that the commercial campaigns have always focused on the "overall McDonald's experience", rather than just product.[8] The purpose of the image has always been "portraying warmth and a real slice of every day life."[9] Its TV ads, showing various people engaging in popular activities, usually reflect the season and time period. Finally, rarely in their advertising history have they used negative or comparison ads pertaining to any of their competitors; the ads have always focused on McDonald's alone, one exception being a 2009 billboard advertising the new McCafe espresso. The billboard read "four bucks is dumb", a shot at competitor Starbucks.[10]

Controversies[edit]

In 1996, the British adult comic magazine Viz accused McDonald's of plagiarizing the name and format of its longstanding Top Tips feature, in which readers offer sarcastic tips. McDonald's had created an advertising campaign of the same name, which suggested the Top Tips (and then the alternative—save money by going to McDonald's). Some of the similarities were almost word-for-word:

Save a fortune on laundry bills. Give your dirty shirts to Oxfam. They will wash and iron them, and then you can buy them back for 50p.

—Viz Top Tip, published May 1989.

Save a fortune on laundry bills. Give your dirty shirts to a second-hand shop. They will wash and iron them, and then you can buy them back for 50p.

—McDonald's advert, 1996.

The case was settled out of court for an undisclosed sum, which was donated to the charity Comic Relief. However, many Viz readers believed that the comic had given permission for their use, leading to Top Tips submissions such as: "Geordie magazine editors. Continue paying your mortgage and buying expensive train sets ... by simply licensing the Top Tips concept to a multinational burger corporation."

In 2003, a ruling by the UK Advertising Standards Authority determined that the corporation had acted in breach of the codes of practice in describing how its French fries were prepared.[11] A McDonald's print ad stated that "after selecting certain potatoes" "we peel them, slice them, fry them and that's it". It showed a picture of a potato in a McDonald's fries box. In fact the product was sliced, pre-fried, sometimes had dextrose added, was then frozen, shipped, and re-fried and then had salt added.

Current campaign[edit]

i'm lovin' it is an international branding campaign by McDonald's Corporation. It was created by Heye & Partner, McDonald's agency based in Unterhaching, Germany, near Munich, and a member of the DDB Worldwide Communications Group, Inc. It was the company's first global advertising campaign and was launched in Munich, Germany on September 2, 2003, under the German title ich liebe es. This is only used in Germany; in Austria, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein, the English slogan is used. The English part of the campaign was launched in Australia on September 21, 2003, the UK on September 17, 2003, and in the USA on September 29, 2003 with the music of Tom Batoy and Franco Tortora (Mona Davis Music) and vocals by Justin Timberlake, in which the slogan appears. The motion logo at the time (featuring the "M" zooming out and shining and the "i'm lovin' it" (in different languages, usually in English) zooming to the "M", leaving a trail) was produced by using Adobe After Effects and Adobe InDesign. Also, by September 3, 2003, McDonald's selected more than 30 people to appear in new packaging for McDonald's products, starting with a photoshoot taking place from September 3, 2003 until November 2003. They unveiled new "i'm lovin' it"–themed packaging on December 8, 2003 and rolled it out worldwide throughout 2004 with the final delivery date being November 20, 2004. In January 2007, after a public casting call which received 15,000 submissions, McDonald's selected 24 people to appear as part of the campaign.[12] Images of those chosen, taken from September to December 2006, who had submitted a story and digital photograph which "captured ... themes of inspiration, passion and fun," appeared on McDonald's paper bags and cups worldwide.

In Spring 2008, McDonald's underwent the first phase of their new image and slogan: 'What we're made of.' This was to promote how McDonald's products are made. Packaging was tweaked a little to feature this new slogan. In November 2008, McDonald's introduced new packaging, eliminating the previous design stated above (except for the Philippines and a few countries, where the previous design is used in tandem with newer packaging and in Fiji, where the previous design is still current) with new, inspirational messages, the "i'm lovin it" slogan (appearing only once on most packages). McDonald's also updated their menu boards with darker, yet warmer colors, more realistic photos of the products featured on plates and the drinks in glasses. From 2009 to 2010, McDonald's introduced new packaging worldwide.

Parody of current campaign[edit]

An unknown creator came up with a parody of the i’m lovin’ it slogan, which is i’m luggin’ it, which depicts an obese man in a wheelbarrow at a construction site (most likely to be a Photoshop edit), as a way to highlight that if people eat often enough at McDonald’s (or any other fast food place), they would end up gaining a lot of weight.[13] Another piece of a related parody is a Photoshop edit of a giraffe which has gained a lot of body fat to highlight the potential outcome of McDonald’s hitting Africa.[14]

Translations[edit]

Title Language Countries     Literal meaning
i’m lovin’ it English American Samoa, Andorra, Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Bahrain, Belarus, Belgium, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada (English), China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Georgia, Gibraltar, Greece, Guam, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Isle of Man, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakstan, Kuwait, Latvia, Lebanon, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Northern Mariana Islands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Poland, Philippines, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Samoa, San Marino, Serbia, Singapore, Sint Maarten, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Thailand, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Yemen Panama I am loving it.
simplified Chinese: 我就喜欢; traditional Chinese: 我就喜歡; pinyin: wǒ jiù xǐhuān Chinese  China,  Singapore,  Taiwan,  United States I just like (it).
ich liebe es German  Germany I love it. / I am loving it.
أنا أحبه (ana aħibba) as well as اكيد بحبه (akid behibuh) Arabic  Egypt,  Kuwait I love it. / Of course I love it.
c’est tout ce que j’aime French  France It's everything that I love.
venez comme vous êtes[15][16] French  France Come as you are.
c’est ça que j’m French  Québec (Province of Canada), Canada (French) This is what I love. (j'm = j'aime.)
love ko ‘to Taglish  Philippines I love this. ('to = ito)
mən bunu sevirəm Azerbaijani  Azerbaijan I love it.
bax, budur sevdiyim Azerbaijani  Azerbaijan See, this is the love.
me encanta Spanish Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela I love it.
me encanta todo eso Spanish  Chile I love all of that.
amo muito tudo isso Portuguese  Brazil I love all this a lot.
işte bunu seviyorum Turkish  Turkey This is what I love.
вот что я люблю Russian  Russia That is what I love.
я це люблю Ukrainian  Ukraine I love this.
man tas patīk Latvian  Latvia I like it.

Promotional partners[edit]

Cross promotions[edit]

Celebrity spokespeople[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McDonald's publication. "Corporate FAQ". McDonald's Corporation. Retrieved 2012-11-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "MCDONALDS CORP 2013 Annual Report Form (10-K)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. February 24, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "MCDONALDS CORP 2014 Q1 Quarterly Report Form (10-Q)" (XBRL). United States Securities and Exchange Commission. May 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ McDonald Corporation. "McDONALD’S CORPORATION 10-K SEC Filing". 
  5. ^ Gael Fashingbauer Cooper (September 9, 2011). "McDonald's orange drink". Gen X-Tinct. Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  6. ^ "McDonald’s slogans used around the world, past and present". Retrieved 2 July 2012. 
  7. ^ Meet America's 25 biggest advertisers. AdAge. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  8. ^ "404 Page Not Found - McDonalds.ca". 
  9. ^ "404 Page Not Found - McDonalds.ca". 
  10. ^ "Pample Moose Garcinia Cambogia". 
  11. ^ End of story for one fast food ad
  12. ^ "McDonald's press release". 
  13. ^ "jesskill". ENC1101-51 Fall 2009 Paper #3 Project. 
  14. ^ "Visual Analysis". American Obesity. 
  15. ^ Gay McDonald's ad in France, YouTube, 2010-05-26.
  16. ^ Gay-Friendly McDonald's Ad Goes Viral, 2010-06-03. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
  17. ^ "McDonald's renews as FIFA World Cup Sponsor until 2014". FIFA.com. Retrieved October 24, 2014
  18. ^ QSRweb.com (November 30, 2012). "McDonald's named official sponsor of the NFL". Retrieved 30 December 2012. 
  19. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]