International availability of McDonald's products
McDonald's Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the world's largest chain of hamburger fast food restaurants, serving around 68 million customers daily in 119 countries. McDonald's traces its origins to a 1940 restaurant in San Bernardino, California. After expanding within the United States, McDonald's became an international corporation in 1967, when it opened a location in Richmond, Canada. By the end of the 1970s, McDonald's restaurants existed in five of the Earth's seven continents; an African location came in 1992.
In order to cater to local tastes and culinary traditions, and often in respect of particular laws or religious beliefs, McDonald's offers regionalized versions of its menu among and within different countries. As a result, products found in one country or region may not be found in McDonald's restaurants in other countries.
- 1 Africa
- 2 Asia
- 3 Europe
- 4 North America
- 5 South America
- 6 Oceania
- 7 See also
- 8 References
In 2001, McDonald's introduced the McFalafel sandwich in its Egypt locations. These restaurants also offer a Chicken Big Mac and Fish Mac, variations on the standard Big Mac which substitute breaded chicken or fish, respectively, for the usual beef patties. In the summer of 2008, McDonald's introduced fish fingers with tartar dipping sauce as a side in Egyptian restaurants. Early 2010 saw the introduction of Egyptian cookies to the Cairo location.
The McArabia, a grilled chicken sandwich served on a flatbread, is sold throughout the Middle East, including Morocco. In 2005, a product called the McSahara was briefly sold. In late 2006, the Chicken Mythic, Petit Plaisirs ("small pleasures," a sandwich usually made from chicken or beef), and a 280-gram Recette Moutarde ("mustard burger") were released. During the Islamic holy month of Ramadan, a special menu is offered for the breaking of the fast, including local specialties such as dates, milk, and harira.
As in all McDonald's locations in the Islamic Middle East, food in Bahraini locations is halal. In addition to the McArabia, Bahraini locations offer, beginning in March 2009, the McCrispy, a meal consisting of up to three chicken fingers with a choice of barbecue, sweet and sour, or garlic sauce.
In China, Chicken McNuggets can come with the barbecue, sweet and sour, honey and hot mustard, or chili garlic sauce. Chinese menus also include crispy Buffalo chicken wings, called McWings. All chicken burgers offered in Chinese McDonald's use thigh fillet (e.g., Premium Grilled Thigh Fillet Burger, Hot and Spicy Grilled Thigh Fillet Burger), rather than breast meat, which is preferred in occidental countries.
The Big 'n' Tasty is sold as the Big 'n' Beefy in the Chinese market, and is topped with cheese, cucumber, and mildly spicy Thousand Island dressing. Pies come in two standard flavors: pineapple and taro, although special flavors including chocolate, banana, and azuki bean have also been offered on a limited basis.
There is a seasonal Chinese New Year meal available, including the Grilled Chicken Burger and curly fries, with a horoscope of the twelve zodiac animals of Chinese astrology and traditional red packets (lai see).
A unique feature of Chinese McDonald's locations is the "McExpress" walk-up window, which sells a small range of drinks and ice cream desserts. Most McExpress windows are attached to restaurants, but in some cases, they can be physically independent, typically in locations such as shopping malls, department stores and subway stations. Most major urban locations offer delivery for an extra fee. Deliveries are usually made by electrically powered scooters, although in several cities where motorcycle bans are in place, a conventional courier bicycle is used. The food is normally carried in a large insulated backpack.
Hong Kong hosts some of the world's busiest McDonald's with many operating 24 hours a day. Breakfasts include pasta soups with sausage or chicken. Locations offer cups of corn are available as substitutes for French fries or à la carte. Desserts include soft serve ice cream in azuki bean and mung bean flavors; pineapple or red bean sundaes are sometimes offered.
A selection of seasonal or other limited-time foods is available, such as spicy French fries, the Shogun Burger (a teriyaki pork patty with lettuce served on a sesame seed bun), salads, soups such as tomato and pumpkin, taco flatbreads, the Rice Fantastic (a burger-like entree with rice patties instead of buns). Other such specialties have included shrimp burgers, Wasabi Filet O' Fish, onion rings, and Shake Shake fries, flavored French fries in flavors such as seaweed, chargrill, French onion, and salt and pepper. During the local Bun Festival, restaurants on the island of Cheung Chau sell mushroom burgers instead of hamburgers and other meat products.
All McDonald's in Indonesia are certified halal. Local items include: crispy and spicy fried chicken, which is by far more popular than hamburgers; the McRice, a small mound of steamed rice available Supersize; McSoup, a chicken flavored soup with bits of croutons and vegetables; the McSatay, a hamburger with satay sauce, a spicy ground peanut sauce; and Buryam (short for bubur ayam or chicken congee). Sambal chili sauce, an essential component of Indonesian cuisine, and ketchup are available as condiments.
During Chinese New Year, a Beef Prosperity Burger, consisting of two beef patties covered in black pepper sauce and topped with diced onions, is sold.
The only entirely kosher McDonald's are in Israel and Argentina. In these locations, patties are barbecued on charcoal rather than fried. Some kosher locations serve milk based desserts, but in separate booths, allowing for full separation of dairy and meat products in food preparation areas. However, most of the McDonald's outlets in Israel are not kosher service, as they serve cheeseburgers, which mix dairy and meat products.
Specialty items in Israeli McDonald's include the McShawarma and McKebab, both served on flatbread. On January 18, 2011, McDonald's introduced the McFalafel sandwich in Israel, but withdrew the item six months later. Within the last few years they have added a vegetarian option, corn sticks (which are bite sized corn shniztels).
Regular menu items in Japanese McDonald's include: the Teriyaki McBurger, with ground pork patties, mayonnaise, lettuce, and teriyaki sauce; Shaka Shaka Chicken, a fried chicken strip served in a paper pouch, with cheese or pepper seasonings to shake in the bag; and the Fillet-O-Ebi (shrimp), with a fried shrimp patty and mustard. Breakfast options include a hot dog with pickle relish, ketchup, and mustard. As well as regular soft drinks (which in Japan include grape flavoured Fanta and iced tea), McDonald's in Japan also serve cartons of milk, Minute Maid orange juice and "Yassai Seikatsu", a type of vegetable juice.
Seasonal and limited-time items have included:
- The Chicken Katsu Burger, a breaded chicken sandwich flavored with soy sauce and ginger.
- The Gratin Korokke Burger, a sandwich with korokke (breaded mashed potatoes) filled with shrimp, macaroni, shredded cabbage, and katsu[clarification needed] sauce, and optional cheese; served during winter
- Green tea-flavored milkshakes
- The Salsa Burger, a breaded chicken sandwich with salsa
- The Tamago Double Mac, a hamburger with three beef patties, pepper sauce, bacon, a poached egg, and optional cheese
- The Teri Tama Burger, a teriyaki burger with egg; served during spring
- The Tsukimi Burger ("moon-viewing burger"), a hamburger with one beef patty, fry sauce, bacon, a poached egg (representing the Moon), and optional cheese; served before and during Tsukimi season
- Ume Nuggets, Chicken McNuggets with sour ume (plum) sauce for dipping
- The Mega Teriyaki, a teriyaki-style Big Mac variant with two pork patties and teriyaki sauce
- "Quarter Pounder Jewelry" burgers : The 'Gold Ring' available on July 6, 2012, the 'Black Diamond' on July 13, 2013 and 'Ruby Spark' on July 20, 2013 only 
Like in Singapore and Indonesia, during Chinese New Year, Prosperity Burgers are sold. These come in beef and chicken varieties. In 2011, these were served with a McFizz, a specialty beverage mixing Minute Maid orange juice and Sprite.
Another limited time promotional item that appears almost yearly is the Samurai Burger, a large beef burger dipped in Teriyaki Sauce. In 2012 it was promoted with two new sides, a Sakura McFizz (Sprite + Ribena), and the Katsu Curry McShakers.
All McDonald's in Pakistan are certified halal. Pakistani menus resemble those of Middle Eastern and South Asian locations. McArabias and Spicy Chicken Burgers are popular in Pakistan. A chicken Big Mac is also available.
Menu items in McDonald's in the Philippines include McSpaghetti, Chicken McDo, Burger McDo, and the Hamdesal, a Pandesal bun with pineapple glaze syrup, mayonnaise, and Canadian bacon served with scrambled eggs, cheese, or both. From 2001 to 2006 the McRice, steamed rice formed into buns, was available as a replacement for bread buns on beef and chicken sandwiches. Breakfast options include longaniza, a Philippine chorizo, served with rice and a fried egg.
All McDonald's in Singapore are certified halal. Singaporean locations offer the McSpicy, a spicy chicken burger, and the McArabia (as the Grilled Chicken Foldover). A 24-hour McDelivery service is available in all locations on the island.
McDonald's locations in South Korea do not serve fish but offer the Bulgogi Burger, a beef patty in bulgogi marinade. The bulgogi-flavored sauce was developed by Ottogi, a large South Korean food manufacturer that provides all of the condiments to the country's McDonalds. Korean McDonalds' offer delivery.
McDonald's in Taiwan serve kao fan (烤飯, kǎo fàn) (literally "baked rice"), a burger-like entrée with rice patties instead of buns. It is modelled on the eponymous product of McDonald's Japanese rival, MOS Burger. McDonald's locations in Taiwan sell fried chicken legs to compete with KFC. Additionally, corn soup is available as a substitute for French fries or à la carte.
In Thailand, McDonald's serves the Samurai Pork Burger, with teriyaki sauce, lettuce, and mayonnaise. As in other Asian markets, Thai McDonald's sell fried chicken and spicy chicken wings. Chilli sauce is available as a condiment, along with ketchup. Other Thailand-specific items include rice patties made with jasmine rice, the Caribbean Shrimp Burger, and a salad shaker based on som tam papaya salad. McDonald's restaurants in Thailand also serve the Mega Mac (known as the Double Big Mac) all year long.
Between October 1 and 13, 2013, or until supplies ran out, McDonald's offered a "McVeggie" burger to coincide with the tradition of many people of Chinese descent only eating vegetarian food during the annual "Kin J" period. The McVeggie is an all vegetable fried patty consisting of potatoes, peas and carrot topped with lettuce and teriyaki sauce.
United Arab Emirates
United Arab Emirates features the McArabia sandwich on its menus, which is served in flatbread. It used to be available as both a chicken and beef kofta sandwich but it is currently only available as beef. The UAE also had The Asian, The Mexican, The French & The Turkish as Limited Edition burgers. There was also a temporary McAloo Tiki burger, inspired by Indian flavours. And they had the Chicken Fillet, the Spicy Chicken Fillet, McWings. They also have Grand Chicken Classic, Grand Chicken Deluxe, Grand Chicken Special. McDonald's in UAE is certified halal.
Belgian McDonald's serve the Croque McDo, consisting of two slices of Emmental cheese and a slice of ham toasted between two hamburger buns. This is a variation of the traditional croque-monsieur sandwich found in France and Belgium. The "Belgo" burger is a hamburger with bacon, Belgian Maredsous cheese, roasted onions, and cocktail sauce.
The McCountry sandwich is a regular menu item in Croatian McDonalds restaurants, consisting of two pork sausage patties on a bun with cheese, lettuce, tomato, onion, and a special sauce. Another regular menu item is the McToast, a ham and cheese sandwich on toast. Seasonal and promotional offers include Greek and Italian offerings.
McDonald's in Cyprus sells the Greek Mac, a Big Mac variant with pita bread and tzatziki sauce, and the Greek Chicken, a Greek Mac with chicken patties instead of beef. A shrimp burger is also sold during the period of Lent when Orthodox Christians don't eat meat.
The McCountry sandwich served in Croatia is also available in the Czech Republic.
In Denmark, every McDonald's serves a small size chicken burger called "Chicken Salsa Cheese". As similar to Finland and Sweden's "El Maco", Danish McDonald's locations sells "El Maco Jr.": A small size "El Maco". Also following its other Scandinavian cousins, Danish McDonald's serve a Daim McFlurry.
In Finland, most McDonald's hamburgers can be ordered with a rye bun, based on the success of the promotional "McRuis" (McRye) burger. El Maco is a burger with salsa and sour cream sauce. The El Maco meal is served with a barbecue spice mixture and a paper bag in which the fries and the spice mixture are poured, similar to Japan's Shaka Shaka Chicken.
The Croque McDo and various Petit Plaisir items are available, as in Belgium and Morocco, respectively.
Standard menu items at German McDonald's include the Hamburger Royal TS, Caesar salads, Veggieburgers, and Caesar, honey mustard, and Ranch chicken wraps. The McRib sandwich, a seasonal item in most countries, is a permanent menu item in Germany.
The German McDonald's Breakfast does provide Brötchen, a crispy bread roll, McCroissant, a Croissant with stuffed with Ham and Cheese, Scrambled Eggs with Bacon and "Classic Breakfast", a choice of bread rolls with sweet spreads resembling a very common German breakfast choice.
Beer is no longer sold at all locations. It is still served in older outlets owned by German brewers with leases allowing the serving of beer.
In Greece, McDonald's formerly sold the McFarm burger, consisting of two beef patties, cheese, tomatoes, lettuce, and mayonnaise on a sesame seed bun. Greek locations also sold spicy Spring Rolls, a shrimp burger, the McVeggie burger, and the Greek Mac (as in Cyprus and Rhodes). As of 2012, all of these items have been discontinued.
Hungarian McDonald's sell the McFarm, once available in Greece. Limited-time products available only in Hungary have included McDonald's version of the popular Hungarian breakfast food lángos, and a "Hungarian flavors" menu.
Italian McDonald's began offering a "McItaly" menu in 2010. Products include a burger with "100 percent made-in-Italy meat", extra-virgin olive oil, parmesan cheese, bresaola, and pancetta. The company advertises burgers in several European countries as using Italian beef. On May 24, 2013 McDonald's Italia in cooperation with Barilla began offering a pasta salad:
In the Netherlands, McDonald's sells the McKroket, a deep-fried roll containing beef ragout, similar to the Dutch bitterballen sold in snack bars. Dutch McDonald's serve frite sauce or "American Sauce," a yellow mayonnaise-like sauce not eaten in the United States with French fries. The ChickenSaté burger is also offered, consisting of fried chicken with peanut sauce; this popular food is inspired by the Netherlands' historical connection to Indonesia. Special Dutch drinks include Fristi (a yogurt drink) and Chocomel (a chocolate milk drink). Also available in the Netherlands are Stroopwaffle McFlurries (currently for the first time ever out of range).
As in Finland, Norwegian McDonald's serve the El Maco (on a seasonal basis) and offer gluten free buns without an extra cost. They also serve a Laksewrap, deep-fried fish with salad and a mango slice in a tortilla.
Offerings in Polish McDonald's restaurants include: the WieśMac ("McVillage"), a quarter-pound beef patty with onions, lettuce, cheese, mustard, and horseradish sauce on a sesame seed bun; the Pikantny Kurczakburger ("Spicy Chickenburger"), a chicken sandwich with lettuce and hot Mexican-style sauce; McWrap - tortilla with chicken available in two versions: Classic (mayonnaise, mild-Mexican sauce, lettuce, rucola, shredded cheese, two slices of tomato and chicken patty) and Honey-Mustard (honey-mustard sauce, lettuce, shredded cheese, two slices of tomato, two strips of bacon and chicken patty). During winter period you can get Kanapka Drwala ("The Woodsman's Sandwich") - a big bun with pork rinds instead of sesame, a quarter pounder, bacon, big piece of deep-fried cheese, sauce and vegetables.
Portuguese McDonald's offers a variety of soups, including their national dish of Kale Soup (caldo verde) and cream of carrot, white bean and spinach. These are offered as add-ons to Happy meals as well. There is also a McBifana on a ciabatta roll and an array of salads. The mixed salad contains olives, corn, onions and tomatoes. For dessert there is fresh pineapple chunks and an apple cinnamon sundae.
In Slovakia, McDonald's offers the McSyr, a sandwich containing breaded fried cheese and tartar sauce which emulates the Slovak dish vyprážaný syr. It is similar to the Czech McSmažák. Also, like in the United Kingdom, McDonald's restaurants in Slovakia serve donuts, which are named McDonuts. McDonuts can be served with either vanilla or chocolate frosting.
All McDonald's meat in Turkey are certified halal by Pinar, a Turkish company. Restaurants offer the Turkish drink ayran and the McTurco, a type of kebab with chicken or beef. Turkish locations also serve onion rings, the Mega Mac (known as the Double Big Mac) and the Kofteburger, with a spiced mincemeat patty.
United Kingdom and Ireland
British and Irish McDonald's serve the Chicken Legend, a chicken breast coated in seasoned batter either spicy tomato salsa or mayonnaise. In June 2011, Deli Choices, a line of sandwich rolls with fillings, was released in the UK. Curry flavoured sauce is available for McNuggets in British and Irish restaurants. From 2003 to 2005, menus included the Quorn Premiere, a vegetarian burger with sweet chilli sauce, light Hellmann's mayonnaise, tomato, and lettuce in a focaccia bun.
Past promotional items have included the Apple Pie Sundae, Mozzarella Dippers, Cheese Melt Dippers, the Summer Chorizo Supreme, BBQ Chicken Premiere with Bacon, Apple and Blackberry Pie, and Festive Pie, with mincemeat and custard. A series of burgers intending to represent various American locales has been released under the "Great Taste of America" name. These burgers have represented New York, Chicago, Las Vegas, Texas, Arizona, Miami, California, and New Orleans. Not all of these burgers resemble their respective local cuisines.
In parts of Canada, including Quebec and northern New Brunswick, French fries may be substituted with McDonald's version of poutine, which was later rolled out to a wider selection of stores. Quebec also saw the release of the limited-time 1967 Burger, commemorating Canada's first McDonald's franchise. Deli Choices were introduced throughout Canada in 2006. Unique to Canadian McDonald's locations is the McMini, miniature sandwiches with grilled or crispy chicken; flavors include Pesto Chicken (later replaced by Zesty Mango) and Spicy Thai. As in the United States, the McRib periodically appears on the menu for limited runs.
Seasonal items previously available in McDonald's in Canada include the McLobster, a lobster roll, available in the Maritime Provinces, called McHomard in French. Discontinued items in Canadian McDonald's include pizzas, including a calzone-style "McPizza."
Costa Rican McDonalds have McCafés. They serve the McNifica burger, similar to Burger King's Whopper. Fry sauce is available as a condiment for French fries or steak fries, a French fry substitute. Gallo pinto, a traditional seasoned rice and black bean dish, is available with scrambled eggs and natilla (light sour cream).
Mexican McDonald's locations do not serve fish. Special items at these locations have included the Flaming Hot Doritos Quarter Pounder and the BBQ Double Burger. For breakfast, Mexican McDonald's locations serve the McMollete, which is made on an English muffin spread with beans, topped with a slice of melted cheese and pico de gallo. Mexican locations also serve a version of the McSkillet burrito known as the "McBurrito".
As in Mexico, Puerto Rican McDonald's do not serve fish and serve the McCriollo (with eggs and cheese) for breakfast. Criollo is a Puerto Rican bread, like a baguette, but bigger and softer. Basically, the McCriollo is a sandwich with ham, cheese, and egg on a Criollo roll.
American McDonald's restaurants offer various types of shellfish dishes on a regional basis, such as seasonal lobster rolls in New England and crab cakes in the Mid-Atlantic states. Parts of the Upper Midwest sell Johnsonville Brats, a toasted hot dog bun with a Johnsonville bratwurst topped with spicy mustard and onions. Other regional variations include the Texas Homestyle Burger, and traditional Southern breakfast items, such as a country ham biscuit and biscuits and gravy. In California, mostly in the Los Angeles area, occasional Mexican-inspired meals are featured on a limited basis.
Hawaii locations offer saimin on their regular menu, and include Spam and Portuguese sausage as breakfast meat options. Pineapple and taro pies, as regularly sold in some Asian countries, have been occasionally offered on the regular menu, along with haupia pies; pineapple is also sometimes available as a topping on burgers. In Waikiki locations, small trays of pineapple can be ordered as a side dish. Except for saimin, Hawaiian and selected Asian specialty items can also be found in McDonald's in the US territories of Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands. During Easter time, Hawaii, Guam and the CNMI all feature the Double Filet-O-Fish meal due to having a heavy concentration of Catholics (mostly people who immigrated from the Philippines) in that region.
McNífica is served. McDonald's Argentina serves Big Tasty Angus Burguer, made with premium Argentinean Angus Beef. Argentina is the only country besides Israel in which McDonald's has full kosher locations. These are the only places in the world where McDonald's burgers are barbecued on charcoal rather than fried.
In Brazil, McDonald's offers the Cheddar McMelt, a beef burger with creamy cheddar cheese and grilled onions, flavored with soy sauce on a whole-wheat bun.
Banana-flavored pies are served in Brazilian McDonald's.
In Chile, cheese empanadas are sold at all McDonald's locations in Chile as side dishes. Also, customers can add avocado paste to any sandwich, other than the McPalta (Chilean Spanish for McAvocado), whose basis is avocado paste along burger as current Cuarto Palta (Avocado Quarter Pounder) and McWrap Palta with Fuze Tea, sliced fried chicken with lettuce, tomatoes and purple onion in a tortilla.
Celebrating the 200-year anniversary of the founding of Chilean republic, in 2010 McDonald's offered Combo Bicentario, a beef burger with pebre, a Chilean condiment made of coriander, chopped onion, olive oil, garlic and ground spicy chili pepper, and merkén, a smoked chili pepper. Recently, celebrating Chile's 2013 National Day on September, the fast food restaurant served empanadas de pino  (stuffed with beef, olives, onions, raisins, and boiled eggs) as special side dishes.
For breakfast, McDonald's serves croissants, also known in Chile as Medialuna and local versions of two Chilean sandwiches: Barros Jarpa, whose basis is ham and molten cheese on bread, and Lomo Palta, a avocado paste along a slice pork.
Colombian McDonald's restaurants serve the McCriollo breakfast combo, which includes a sausage patty, two traditional Colombian arepas, scrambled eggs and sweetcorn, a hashbrown, coffee, butter, and jam.
In Ecuador, McDonald's started selling cheese empanadas, burgers with cheese sausage or guacamole, blackberry sundae and nuggets with spicy sausage in 2012 under the "Nuestros sabores" campaign, aimed at providing a more local cuisine.
Previous products have included: Shaker Fries, similar to Japan's Shaka Shaka Chicken; the McOz, a quarter-pound burger with lettuce, tomato, beetroot, cheese, mustard, ketchup, cooked onion served on a sesame seed bun; a BLT; the McBeefsteak, promoted by country music singer Lee Kernaghan; the Big Kahuna Burger, served with pineapple; the Romano Burger, a chicken patty with Italian sauce and mozzarella served on an herbed focaccia bun; the Tandoori Burger, a chicken patty with lettuce and mint yogurt sauce served on flatbread; and a Chive Omelette Roll.
Many McDonald's menu items in New Zealand are similar to those in Australia. Some unique items include the Kiwiburger, a beef patty with McMuffin egg, tomato, lettuce, cheese, onion, beetroot, ketchup, and mustard. In 2011, a special "Kiwi Menu" was featured to promote the country's hosting of the 2011 Rugby World Cup.
In April 2012, McDonald's re-released the El Maco, a variant of the product of the same name offered in other markets, such as Scandinavia. El Maco had previously been sold in New Zealand in the early 1990s.
In 1996, the New Zealand affiliate bought out failing local fast food chain Georgie Pie, which based itself around Australian and New Zealand meat pies. Due to popular demand, McDonald's trialled a partial relaunch of the Georgie Pie brand in May 2013 with one pie flavour (Steak Mince 'n' Cheese) sold through eleven of its restaurants. In October 2013, the affiliate announced it would expand the sale of Georgie Pie to 107 of its 161 restaurants by the end of 2013, and introduce two new flavours in 2014.
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