McDonough County, Illinois

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McDonough County, Illinois
McDonough County Courthouse.jpg
McDonough County Courthouse, 2006
Map of Illinois highlighting McDonough County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded 1826
Named for Thomas Macdonough
Seat Macomb
Largest city Macomb
Area
 • Total 590 sq mi (1,528 km2)
 • Land 589 sq mi (1,526 km2)
 • Water 0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population
 • (2010) 32,612
 • Density 55/sq mi (21/km²)
Congressional district 18th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

McDonough County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 32,612.[1] Its county seat is Macomb.[2]

The Macomb, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McDonough County.

History[edit]

McDonough County is named in honor of Thomas Macdonough who defeated a British squadron in the decisive naval Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812. McDonough County was part of the "Military Tract" set aside by Congress for veterans of the War of 1812.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 590 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 589 square miles (1,530 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water.[3]

The county has the unusual distinction of forming a perfect square by Mercator map projection. The county seat, Macomb, is in the center of the county, and the courthouse is almost precisely in the center of the county.

Climate and weather[edit]

Macomb, Illinois
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
1.5
 
32
13
 
 
1.7
 
38
18
 
 
2.9
 
50
29
 
 
3.8
 
62
39
 
 
4.6
 
73
50
 
 
4.4
 
83
60
 
 
4.5
 
87
64
 
 
3.5
 
85
62
 
 
4
 
77
54
 
 
2.9
 
66
42
 
 
3.2
 
50
31
 
 
2.3
 
36
19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Macomb have ranged from a low of 13 °F (−11 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −30 °F (−34 °C) was recorded in February 1905 and a record high of 113 °F (45 °C) was recorded in August 1934. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.47 inches (37 mm) in January to 4.58 inches (116 mm) in May.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 5,308
1850 7,616 43.5%
1860 20,069 163.5%
1870 26,509 32.1%
1880 27,970 5.5%
1890 27,467 −1.8%
1900 28,412 3.4%
1910 26,887 −5.4%
1920 27,074 0.7%
1930 27,329 0.9%
1940 26,944 −1.4%
1950 28,199 4.7%
1960 28,928 2.6%
1970 36,653 26.7%
1980 37,467 2.2%
1990 35,244 −5.9%
2000 32,913 −6.6%
2010 32,612 −0.9%
Est. 2013 32,464 −0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census of 2000,[9] there were 32,913 people, 12,360 households, and 7,094 families residing in the county. The population density was 56 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 13,289 housing units at an average density of 23 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.88% White, 3.46% Black or African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.02% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. 1.48% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 25.3% English and 11.7% Irish ancestry. 95.0% spoke English and 2.7% Spanish as their first language.

There were 12,360 households out of which 24.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.60% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county the population was spread out with 17.70% under the age of 18, 27.60% from 18 to 24, 21.50% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,141, and the median income for a family was $43,385. Males had a median income of $29,326 versus $20,798 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,890. About 9.60% of families and 19.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.60% of those under age 18 and 7.20% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Macomb, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 7, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°28′N 90°41′W / 40.46°N 90.68°W / 40.46; -90.68