McKean County, Pennsylvania
|McKean County, Pennsylvania|
McKean County Courthouse
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||March 26, 1804|
|• Total||984 sq mi (2,549 km2)|
|• Land||979 sq mi (2,536 km2)|
|• Water||5 sq mi (13 km2), 0.26%|
|• Density||44/sq mi (17/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
McKean County is a rural county located on the New York border in the northwest of the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It is part of a sparsely populated region known as the "Pennsylvania Wilds", including the Allegheny National Forest. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,450. Its county seat is Smethport. The county was named in honor of former Pennsylvania Governor and Declaration of Independence signer Thomas McKean. McKean County is home of "The Zippo Lighter" and boasts of being "The Black Cherry Capital of the World."
McKean County was founded because of its natural resources of oil and timber, both of which continue to provide a significant input to the economy. Today, a university, rural medical center, and a number of manufacturing companies balance the economy of this area.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Municipalities
- 4 Education
- 5 Recreation
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- Cattaraugus County, New York (north)
- Allegany County, New York (northeast)
- Potter County (east)
- Cameron County (southeast)
- Elk County (south)
- Forest County (southwest)
- Warren County (west)
- US Route 6
- US Route 219
- Pennsylvania Route 44
- Pennsylvania Route 46
- Pennsylvania Route 59
- Pennsylvania Route 146
- Pennsylvania Route 155
- Pennsylvania Route 321
- Pennsylvania Route 346
- Pennsylvania Route 446
- Pennsylvania Route 546
- Pennsylvania Route 646
- Pennsylvania Route 770
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,936 people, 18,024 households, and 12,094 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 21,644 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.46% White, 1.87% Black, 0.32% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.40% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. 1.06% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 21.9% were of German, 13.3% Irish, 12.6% Italian, 11.2% American, 8.7% Swedish and 8.6% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 18,024 households out of which 30.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.50% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.90% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county, the population was spread out with 23.70% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.70 males.
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in McKean County:
Public school districts
- Bradford Area School District
- Kane Area School District (Also covers part of Elk County)
- Otto-Eldred School District
- Port Allegany School District (Also covers part of Potter County)
- Smethport Area School District
- Oswayo Valley School District (Also covers part of Potter County)
The 500 school districts of Pennsylvania were ranked for student academic achievement by the Pittsburgh Business Times in 2008.
- Bradford Area School District - 403rd
- Kane Area School District - 342nd
- Otto-Eldred School District - 408th
- Port Allegany School District - 446th
- Smethport Area School District - 415th
- Oswayo Valley School District - 458th
As reported by EdNA, Pennsylvania Department of Education, June 2010.
- Bradford Area Christian Academy, Bradford
- Chestnut Street Christian School, Bradford
- Custer City Private School
- St. Bernard School, Bradford
- Learning Center Inc, Bradford
- United Christian Academy, Smethport
- Bradford Area Public Library
- Friends Memorial Public Library - Kane
- Hamlin Memorial Library - Smethport
- Mount Jewett Memorial Library
- Samuel W Smith Memorial Public Library - Port Allegany
Other education entities
- Beacon Light Behavioral Health Systems - Custer City
- Seneca Highlands Career and Technical Center - Port Allegany
- Seneca Highlands IU 9 - Smethport
- University of Pittsburgh at Bradford
There is one Pennsylvania state park in McKean County. Kinzua Bridge State Park is between U.S. Route 6 and Pennsylvania Route 59, just east of the Allegheny National Forest near Mount Jewett. When it was built, it was the highest and longest railroad bridge in the world. It was chosen by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources (DCNR) and its Bureau of Parks as one of "Twenty Must-See Pennsylvania State Parks" and is a Historic Civil Engineering Landmark. A tornado destroyed much of the bridge in 2003.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- A resource website for families in McKean County including the McKean County Resource Directory
- McKean County Government
- McKean County Capitol History
- Bradford Today
- Bradford Era News
- Gardeau Train Wreck of 2006 - A website about the train wreck and chemical spill of June 30, 2006. Location: Gardeau, Norwich Township, McKean County, Pennsylvania