McKim, Mead & White

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Manhattan Municipal Building, built 1909–1915

McKim, Mead & White was a prominent American architectural firm which thrived at the turn of the twentieth century. The firm's founding partners were Charles Follen McKim (1847–1909), William Rutherford Mead (1846–1928) and Stanford White (1853–1906). The firm was a major training ground for many other prominent architects – partners, associates, designers and draftsmen.

McKim and Mead joined forces in 1872 and were joined in 1879 by White who, like McKim, had worked for architect Henry Hobson Richardson. Their work applied the principles of Beaux-Arts architecture, the adoption of the classical Greek and Roman stylistic vocabulary as filtered through the Parisian École des Beaux-Arts, and the related City Beautiful movement after 1893 or so, which aimed to clean up the visual confusion of American cities and imbue them with a sense of order and formality during America's Gilded Age.[1]

Mead was the last of the firm's founding partners to die in 1928, after McKim (1909), and White (1906).[2] The firm retained its name after the death of Mead, until partner James Kellum Smith's death in 1961. The firm – primarily Smith – designed the prominent National Museum of American History in Washington, D.C., one of the firm's last works, opening in 1964.[3] McKim, Mead & White was also involved with an urban renewal project at Pratt Institute in Brooklyn in the 1950s and designed three buildings as part of the project: DeKalb Hall, ISC Building and North Hall.[4][5]

In 1961, McKim, Mead & White was succeeded by the firm Steinmann, Cain and White, which by 1971 had become Walker O. Cain and Associates.[6]

Selected works[edit]

New York City[edit]

New England and New York State[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

Washington, D.C.[edit]

Other U.S. locations[edit]

Other countries[edit]

Noted architects of McKim, Mead & White[edit]




  1. ^ Broderick, Mosette (2010), Triumvirate: McKim, Mead & White: Art, Architecture, Scandal, and Class in America's Gilded Age [Deckle Edge] [Hardcover] 
  2. ^ "[Mead's] widow receives all the estate of about $250,000" in New York Times (November 27, 1928); "Mrs. Olga Kilenyi Mead, widow,... bequeathed her entire estate to the trustees of Amherst College, Amherst, Massachusetts" in New York Times (April 23, 1936). The money was used to build the Mead Art Building, which was designed by James Kellum Smith of McKim, Mead and White. The building was completed in 1949.
  3. ^ "NMAH Mission & History". National Museum of American History. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  4. ^ "Pratt Institute: DeKalb Hall 1954–55". Retrieved 2007-09-26. 
  5. ^ Hilary Ballon & Kenneth T. Jackson. Robert Moses and the Modern City: The Transformation of New York. p. 374. 
  6. ^ Patricia McGraw Anderson (1988). The Architecture of Bowdoin College. Brunswick, Maine: Bowdoin College Museum of Art.
  7. ^ Norval White and Elliot Willensky, AIA Guide to New York City, rev. ed., (New York: Collier Books, 1978), p.40.
  8. ^ a b c Blackwell, D. and The Naugatuck Historical Society (1996) "Images of Naugatuck". Arcadia Publishing
  9. ^ [1] (1906)m/mckim2.html Bluffton University Digital Imagine Project]
  10. ^ "McKelvy House" on the Council of Independent Colleges Historic Campus Architecture Project website
  11. ^


  • Baker, Paul R. Stanny: The Gilded Life of Stanford White. New York: Free Press, 1989. ISBN 0-02-901781-5
  • Broderick, Mosette. Triumvirate: McKim, Mead & White: Art, Architecture, Scandal, and Class in America's Gilded Age New York: Knopf, 2010. ISBN 0-394-53662-2
  • McKim, Mead & White. A Monograph of the Work of McKim, Mead & White, 1879-1915. New York: Architectural Book Publishing Co., 1915-1920, 4 volumes. Reprinted as The Architecture of McKim, Mead & White in Photographs, Plans and Elevations, with an introduction by Richard Guy Wilson (New York: Dover Publications, 1990). ISBN 0486265560
  • Roth, Leland M. The Architecture of McKim, Mead & White, 1870-1920: A Building List (Garland Reference Library of the Humanities). Garland Publishing (September 1, 1978). 978-0824098506
  • Roth, Leland M. McKim, Mead and White, Architects. Harper & Row; First edition (October 1985). 978-0064301367

External links[edit]