McKinney Avenue Transit Authority
|McKinney Avenue Transit Authority|
|M-line streetcar Matilda in Bowen Ave outside the car barn.|
|Open||July 22, 1989|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
|Depot(s)||3153 Oak Grove, Dallas|
|Route length||4.2 mi (6.8 km)|
|Website||McKinney Avenue Transit Authority|
The McKinney Avenue Transit Authority (MATA), a non-profit organization, operates the M-line Streetcar in Dallas, Texas (USA). The offices and car barn are located at 3153 Oak Grove, Dallas, TX 75204. In operation since 1989, it is an example of a heritage streetcar running historic cars. The main stretch of the line runs down McKinney Avenue in Uptown. The "M-Line" name was adopted in 2002, and the service continues to be commonly known as "the McKinney Avenue trolley" (or streetcar), as well as the "M-Line".
Since 2002, the M-line Streetcar is free to the public, thanks to a joint operating subsidy received from Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) and the Uptown Improvement District. DART designates the streetcar as route 825 at transit stops.
The M-line Streetcar connects with the DART light rail system at Cityplace Station on the Red and Blue lines. The downtown end of the line currently terminates at the corner of Ross and St. Paul near the Dallas Museum of Art, but there are plans to extend the M-line further into downtown.
- 1 History
- 2 Historic stock
- 2.1 Currently in service
- 2.2 Cars being restored, rebuilt or modified
- 2.3 Cars awaiting restoration
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Metropolitan Dallas had numerous streetcar lines from the late 19th century through 1930s. Previous to McKinney Avenue Transit Authority (MATA), the last streetcar ran in Dallas during the mid-1950s. Numerous maps of the old trolley routes are available online.
During the 1980s, there was a movement to restore streetcar service in Dallas's Uptown neighborhood after some of the original rails were uncovered on McKinney Avenue. New rails were first laid in September 1988 near Hall Street. The initial infrastructure would be in place in the summer of 1989. On July 22, 1989, Dallas saw a return of the streetcar as car 122 broke a celebratory banner.
In 1995, the agency had to fix subsidence in Cole Avenue causing a dip in the tracks between Hall and Bowen Streets. About 200 feet of track was replaced.
By the late 1990s, it became apparent that the 110-year-old brick pavement on McKinney Avenue could no longer support modern-day car, truck and bus traffic. Repairs began in July 1999 and were completed in December 2000. The street was repaved with concrete brick and most of the old brick was saved for sidewalks and other amenities. Work was done on one lane of the street at a time. Many times the streetcars were rerouted, sometimes with a shoofly. For several months the north loop was inaccessible due to utility work at Allen and McKinney.
The first expansion of the system opened in 2002. Both Dallas Area Rapid Transit (DART) and MATA desired the streetcar to meet up with DART's Cityplace subway station a few blocks from the route. The first new track for the Cityplace extension was laid on Cole Avenue south of Blackburn in June 2001. In the summer of 2002 while the tracks were being laid, construction crews unearthed history as old center-of-the-street rail from Dallas Railway and Terminal tracks were discovered. On May 6, 2002, the extension was opened for the public (after a ceremonial opening on April 13, 2002, without service starting). It is now possible to ride the DART Light Rail system and get off at Cityplace station and board the streetcar to Uptown. Effective May 6, 2002, all service on the line became free. The extension increased the line's length to 3.8 miles (6.1 km). The line was given the name "the M-Line" in the local transit system at this time.
The City of Dallas and MATA have expressed a desire for further expansion of the current streetcar system. The current southern terminus ends in Downtown Dallas at Saint Paul Street and Ross Avenue. The plan is for a line to split off from the current line at McKinney and Olive Streets and travel down Olive to the light rail transit mall downtown near Pearl Station. The agency is planning on a new car barn built at the intersection of Colby and Olive Streets.
The federal government has given MATA $3.5 million for its mile expansion into downtown's Arts District. The total cost of the expansion is approximately $6.8 million. Construction of the expansion commenced in 2010 and is scheduled to be complete in early 2014.
Part of the money needed for the expansion was put to voters in the form of a bond. On November 7, 2006, the voters of Dallas approved Proposition One, which asked voters if they would like to approve "The Issuance of $390,420,000 general obligation bonds for street and transportation improvements." The bond was approved 87.4% to 12.6%. Engineering for the project is currently in progress with construction planned for 2010.
On Thursday, July 8, 2010, it was announced that the federal government would grant an additional $5 million for the M-Line streetcar project, specifically to help complete the downtown loop for the McKinney Avenue trolley line, and the line will be able to run faster, more modern cars and penetrate deeper into downtown.
Building on the previously funded work (set to begin later in 2010), the newly funded addition will now allow the streetcars to carry passengers from far north Uptown down McKinney Avenue to Olive Street and then across the new Klyde Warren Park. It will loop around the downtown Dallas Arts District, then travel up St. Paul Street back toward McKinney Avenue. The funds come just months after the U.S. Department of Transportation awarded Dallas $23 million for a new downtown streetcar line between Union Station and Methodist Hospital, which has been the goal of the Oak Cliff Transit Authority.
Currently in service
122 - Crescent Rose or Rosie
Car 122 was built to a standard American design by the J. G. Brill Company of Philadelphia in 1909 for export to Porto, Portugal. Rosie is similar to early streetcars that once operated in Dallas. 122 was retired from service on the Porto streetcar system in 1978, and was brought to the U.S. in the early 1980s by Gales Creek Enterprises (GCE), of Oregon, purchased by Portland businessmen Bill and Sam Naito for possible use on a then-proposed heritage streetcar line in Portland. GCE refurbished it at the Oregon Electric Railway Museum for use, on loan, in the first San Francisco Historic Trolley Festival, in summer 1983, and car 122 operated intermittently in service on San Francisco's Market Street in that year; it was painted yellow-and-cream, the colors of its sponsor in the Trolley Festival, Eastman Kodak. In fall 1984, No. 122 was sold to MATA, and it arrived in Dallas around the beginning of 1985. Having previously been refurbished for use in San Francisco, 122 only needed minor work to bring it into service on MATA's opening day. However, in the late 1990s car 122 received a more extensive restoration. Shortly afterward, 122 developed motor problems which kept it in the barn. These problems have been solved and 122 is currently the oldest streetcar in daily service in North America.
186 - Green Dragon
186 was built by the St. Louis Car Co. for Dallas Consolidated Electric Street Railway in 1913. The car served for 43 years in Dallas before being retired in 1956, when the streetcar system was abandoned. 186 was stripped of its running gear and electrical wiring and sold to a private individual who used it for a hay barn in far North Dallas. Ed Landrum, one of MATA's founders, acquired the car in 1979 and cosmetically restored it. The Green Dragon was originally displayed in the Texas Sports Hall of Fame in Grand Prairie, Texas. When the museum closed, Landrum removed 186 and donated it to MATA, which restored the Green Dragon to running order in 1989.
369 - Matilda
369 was built in 1925 by James Moore, Ltd. for the Melbourne & Metropolitan Tramways Board in Melbourne, Australia. The W2-class car was in continuous service in Melbourne for six decades before being purchased by MATA in 1986. Matilda arrived in Portland, Oregon, by ship and was then trucked to Dallas. Acquired in running order, Matilda only required cosmetic modifications to give her a more North American appearance. In 2008, the car was equipped with air-conditioning (eight roof-mounted units, powered by an inverter hidden under a seat).
636 - Petunia
Car 636 was part of an order for 25 streetcars for the Dallas Railway Co. from the J. G. Brill Company. Petunia, a "Birney Safety Car," (or Birney, for short) is named after its designer, Charles O. Birney of the Stone & Webster Co. The design incorporated numerous operational and safety improvements over earlier streetcars that permitted one man operation and thereby allowed street railway companies to reduce their expenses. Birneys were known for their bouncy riding qualities and were never very popular with the Dallas riding public. Nevertheless, 636 ran in Dallas until 1947 when it was replaced by more modern equipment. MATA's Ed and John Landrum, Frank Schultz and Dean Smith designed and built 636's current 8-foot-long truck using parts from the extra Melbourne trucks purchased along with Car 369. MATA later added shock absorbers to smooth out the Birney's characteristic bouncy ride.
636 is the first of the original cars to be equipped with air-conditioning. A single unit was installed in 2007 as a test, with three more units later installed on the roof to provide full cooling.
Miss Daisy (no number)
Built by the Fairmont Company of Fairmont, Minnesota, around the turn of the 20th Century. Cars of this type were widely used by railways all over the world for track inspection. Volunteer Richard Fowler donated Miss Daisy to MATA in complete, but not operable condition. Used with a welder trailer and a rail grinder trailer, Miss Daisy enables MATA personnel to perform minor rail repairs.
Cars being restored, rebuilt or modified
143 - Winnie
Built as a single-ended PCC (Presidents' Conference Committee) streetcar by St. Louis Car Company in 1945 for (Washington) DC Transit. Operated by DC Transit as car 1506 until abandonment of that system in February 1962. Bought by Fort Worth's Marvin and Obediah Leonard for their rail shuttle line from their vast parking lot to their downtown department store's basement station via a 1,400-foot subway. It was rebuilt as a double-ended car and given a more "modernized" appearance in Fort Worth — stainless steel siding and blue roof trim. This modification did not completely conceal its standard PCC design heritage. Old 1506 was renumbered as M&O #2. No. 2 served as a Tandy Center Subway car until the line was abandoned on August 30, 2002. Despite modifications to soften the car's lines, it retained a distinctive shape reminiscent of a Winnebago — hence the nickname.
Winnie has had air-conditioning, mechanical and electrical problems that kept it out of service since 2006. The car is currently stored off-site. Winnie was once nicknamed "the barn queen" for all her time spent in the car barn.
332 - The Morning Star
332 is one of four box motors built in the Northern Texas Traction Company interurban railway shops in 1912. When NTT ceased operations in 1934, a farmer near Granbury, Texas (southwest of Fort Worth) bought 332 and used it for grain storage. John Landrum, MATA's Chief Operating Officer, purchased the car in 1986. The Morning Star will primarily be used as a party or charter car, but due to its flexible seating arrangement, could also be used in regular transit service.
754, a 19-short-ton (17.2 t), 48-foot (14,630 mm), 54-seat streetcar was built in 1926 by American Car Company for Dallas Railway and Terminal Co. It was originally a Peter Witt center entrance car. The DR&T later removed 754's center doors when the company rebuilt each of its Peter Witts for one-man operation. The 754 was on the active DR&T roster until the end of operations in January 1956. Shortly after system abandonment, Ben Carpenter (son of the president of Dallas Railway and Terminal Company from 1927 to 1935) moved 754 to his family's Hackberry Creek Ranch in Irving, Texas, and placed it on concrete blocks. 754 spent its retirement years there serving as a playhouse for the Carpenter children and grandchildren. The family built a miniature town around the car body. When all of his children and grandchildren had grown up, Mr. Carpenter decided it was time to donate the trolley to MATA.
754 was partially restored at EIKON International. On June 21, 2009, 754 was brought by truck to Dallas, where it is now being kept in the MATA barn, awaiting trucks, AC traction motors, and other various operation components. This car is planned to be the first at MATA equipped with AC traction motors powered from DC inverters. If the operation of 754 proves to be reliable, the AC system will eventually be installed on other cars in the fleet.
Cars awaiting restoration
183 and 189
183 and 189 were built for Dallas Railways in 1913 by St. Louis Car Company. They are typical Stone & Webster designed streetcars, sisters to the operating 186. In 1991, John Landrum discovered the two cars built into a home in Lewisville, a few miles north of Dallas. Since the building was about to be demolished, on January 10, 1994, MATA volunteers went to Lewisville and tore the warehouse down to expose and recover the cars.
323 is a 13-window Stone & Webster "turtleback" type street car built in 1915 as part of an order for 26 such cars for the Northern Texas Traction Company of Ft. Worth. 323 is the only known surviving example of the Stone and Webster "stretch" streetcar.
4613 and 4614 (ex-Toronto PCCs)
Toronto was once the largest operator of PCCs in the world with 745 cars. Eventually only nineteen Toronto PCCs remained and these were used on only one route — the 509 Harbourfront. The Toronto PCC era ended on December 8, 1995, when the last such cars ran on that line. These PCCs were built in 1951 and extensively rebuilt by the TTC in the early 1990s, making them the equivalent of almost brand-new streetcars. Not wanting to see these last PCCs scrapped, John Landrum helped Tom Twigge, a Toronto Transit Commission employee, form a coalition of trolley museums to save the remaining cars from being scrapped and find new homes for them. MATA bought these two cars.
3334 (ex-MBTA 3334, Dallas 612)
MATA acquired this double-ended PCC in late 2009. It first operated in Dallas as #612, and was then sold to the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA), in Boston. Most recently, it was in the Lake Shore Electric Railway (museum) collection. The car's interior is stripped down and the car is stored off-site awaiting restoration.
- Cumbie, Jim (Summer 1995). "The Streetcar Renaissance in Dallas". The New Electric Railway Journal. pp. 28–31. ISSN 1048-3845.
- Young, Andrew D. (1997). Veteran & Vintage Transit. St. Louis, MO (US): Archway Publishing. pp. 76–77. ISBN 0-9647279-2-7.
- "Dallas – McKinney Avenue Extension Opens". Rail Transit Online. American Public Transportation Association. August 2002. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Block and Addition books, Dallas Library".
- "MATA.org work page".[dead link]
- "Dallas – McKinney Transit Opening Delayed". Rail Transit Online. American Public Transportation Association. May 2002. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Tramways & Urban Transit magazine, August 2002, p. 307. UK: Ian Allan Publishing/Light Rail Transit Association.
- "Trolley Stop newsletter, Fall 2006".
- "This week in Washington". American Society of Civil Engineers. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "Trolley Stop newsletter, Winter-Spring 2008". Retrieved 2008-02-24.
- Lindenberger, Michael A. (July 9, 2010). "McKinney Avenue trolley gets $4.9 million boost". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Jewell, Don (October 1983). "Historic Trolley Festival in San Francisco". Pacific RailNews. p. 8. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Price, J.H. (October 1983). "Museum News". Modern Tramway. pp. 338–339.
- "Dallas can't afford to be steel snob about trolley service".[dead link]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to McKinney Avenue Transit Authority.|
- McKinney Avenue Transit Authority
- M-Line Trolley schedule page on the DART website
- Oak Cliff Transit Authority