|Assembly||Woking, Surrey, England|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||2-door coupé|
|Engine||McLaren M838TQ twin-turbo 3.8 l V8 + McLaren electric ECU motor|
|Range||300 mi (480 km) (EPA)|
|Electric range||10 km (6.2 mi) (combined NEDC)
31 km (19 mi) (EPA)
|Kerb weight||1,547 kg (3,411 lb)|
The McLaren P1 is a limited production plug-in hybrid sportscar by British automotive manufacturer McLaren Automotive. The concept car debuted at the 2012 Paris Motor Show. Deliveries to retail customers began in the UK in October 2013. The entire P1 production of 375 units was sold out by November 2013. A track-only version of the P1, the McLaren P1 GTR, was unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. Production of the GTR will be limited to 35 units and only the 375 McLaren P1 owners will be invited to buy one.
It is considered to be the long-awaited successor to the McLaren F1, utilizing hybrid power and Formula 1 technology. It does not have the same three seat layout as its predecessor. The design of the headlights is very similar to the shape of the McLaren logo. Just like the McLaren F1 road car of 1992, the McLaren P1 is a mid-engine, rear-wheel drive design that uses a carbon fibre monocoque and roof structure safety cage concept called MonoCage, which is a development of the MonoCell used in the current MP4-12C and MP4-12C Spider upgrade that came out in early 2012.
In 2015, Lego picked the McLaren P1 as part of their Speed Champions Series of the worlds fastest cars.
The P1 features a 3.8-litre twin-turbocharged V8 petrol engine that is only similar to the MP4-12C motor in its displacement. The twin turbos boost the petrol motor at 2.4 bar to deliver 727 bhp (542 kW) and 719 Nm (531 lb ft) of torque at 7500 rpm, combined with an in-house developed electric motor producing 176 bhp (131 kW) and 260 Nm (192 lb ft). With both motors, the P1 will have a total power and torque output of 903 bhp (916 PS) and 978 Nm (722 lb ft) of torque respectively. The electric motor can be deployed manually by the driver or left in automatic mode, whereby the car's ECUs 'torque fill' the gaps in the petrol motor's output, which is considered turbo lag. This gives the powertrain an effective powerband of almost 7000rpm. The car is rear-wheel drive with a seven-speed dual-clutch transmission by Graziano.
Power for the electric motor is stored in a 324-cell lithium-ion high density battery pack located behind the cabin, developed by Johnson Matthey Battery Systems. The battery can be charged by the engine or through a plug-in equipment and can be fully charged in two hours. The car can be operated using either the petrol engine, the electric motor or with a combination of the two. The P1 has an all-electric range of at least 10 km (6.2 mi) on the combined European drive cycle. Under the EPA cycle, the range in EV mode is 19 mi (31 km). During EV mode the P1 has a gasoline consumption of 4.8 gallons per 100 mi, and as a result, EPA's all-electric range is rated as zero. The total range is 330 mi (530 km). The P1 combined fuel economy in EV mode was rated by the EPA at 18 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-equivalent) (13 L gasoline equivalent/100 km; 22 mpg-imp gasoline equivalent), with an energy consumption of 25 kW-hrs/100 mi and gasoline consumption of 4.8 gal-US/100 mi. The combined fuel economy when running only with gasoline is 17 mpg-US (14 L/100 km; 20 mpg-imp), 16 mpg-US (15 L/100 km; 19 mpg-imp) for city driving, and 20 mpg-US (12 L/100 km; 24 mpg-imp) in highway.
The P1 comes with Formula 1 derived features such as the Instant Power Assist System (IPAS), which will give an instant boost in acceleration via the electric motor, a Drag Reduction System (DRS) which operates the car's rear wing, thereby increasing straight line speed, and a KERS. Both of these features (IPAS, DRS) are operated via two buttons on the steering wheel.
The P1 will go from 0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) in 2.8 seconds, 0 to 200 km/h (124 mph) in 6.8 seconds, and 0 to 300 km/h (186 mph) in 16.5 seconds, making it a full 5.5 seconds faster than the McLaren F1. It completes a standing quarter mile in 9.8 seconds at 152 mph (245 km/h). Top speed is electronically limited to 217 mph (349 km/h). The P1 has a dry weight of 1,395 kg (3,075 lb), giving it a power-to-weight ratio of 647 bhp/tonne. It has a kerb weight of 1,490 kg (3,280 lb) which translates to of 606 bhp/tonne. Actual kerb weight (full tank of gas, no luggage or people) of US-spec vehicles is about 3400 lb. The P1 also features bespoke Pirelli P-Zero Corsa tyres and specially developed carbon-ceramic brakes from Akebono. It takes 6.2 seconds to brake from 186 mph (299 km/h) to standstill, during which it will cover 246 metres. From 60 mph (97 km/h), it will cover 30.2 metres.
Production and sales
The production version of the McLaren P1 was unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show. Production will be strictly limited to 375 units' which according to McLaren is to maintain exclusivity. Pricing starts at £866,000 (€1,030,000 or US$1,350,000) but, as of November 2013[update], about 75% of P1 customers have opted for some level of unique design from McLaren Special Operations, raising the average sale price of a P1 above £1 million (€1.2 million or US$1.6 million).
In August 2013 McLaren announced that the production allocation destined to the Americas, Asia-Pacific and the Middle East was sold out. The cars destined for Europe were sold out by mid November 2013.
After some delays, production began in October 2013. Hand-assembled by a select team of 61 engineers, at a production rate of 1 car per day McLaren expected to build 50 P1s by the end of 2013. The first delivery to a retail customer took place at the company's headquarters in Woking, England, in October 2013, with 12 units manufactured by mid November 2013. The first P1 delivery in the U.S. occurred in May 2014. According to JATO Dynamics, only 20 units have been registered worldwide during the first nine months of 2014. As of October 2014[update], a total of 12 P1s have been registered in Switzerland during 2014.
Celebrating 20 years since their victory in the 1995 24 Hours of Le Mans, McLaren announced that they would resurrect the GTR name by launching a track-only version of the P1, the McLaren P1 GTR.
The GTR will be made available to the 375 McLaren P1 owners only, and will be a very limited edition of 35 units. The concept car made its debut at the 2014 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance in August 2014. The P1 GTR production model was officially unveiled at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show. The GTR variant is priced at £1.9 million (€2.7 million or US$2.8 million).
McLaren states that this will be the most powerful McLaren to date, with an intended power output of 1,000PS (986 bhp). The car will also feature slick tyres, and is claimed to have greater levels of performance, grip, aerodynamics and downforce in comparison to the road car. Featuring a new fixed ride height on race-prepared suspension, a fixed rear wing capable of using DRS, and a new exclusively designed exhaust, McLaren aims to deliver the ultimate track experience.
This limited edition will go into production in 2015, after all 375 standard McLaren P1's have been built, as homage to its race-winning ancestor, the iconic F1 GTR, and will be built, maintained and run by McLaren Special Operations.
The McLaren P1 GTR hybrid engine aims at producing 1,000PS output 986bhp that's 83bhp over the current model, although McLaren did not disclose whether the power increase is from electrical boost or tuning the twin turbo 3.8-litre V8. Performance figures are unconfirmed. P1 GTR weight was reduced by 50kg and deliver power-to-weight ratio of 687bph per tonne.
- Plug-in electric vehicle
- Plug-in electric vehicles in the United Kingdom
- Government incentives for plug-in electric vehicles
- List of modern production plug-in electric vehicles
- U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-09-12). "Compare Side-by-Side - 2014 McLaren Automotive P1". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-09-12.
- Tom Burkart (21 October 2013). "2014 McLaren P1". TopSpeed. Retrieved 28 October 2013.
- Undercoffler, David (18 September 2012). "McLaren's wild P1 supercar breaks cover". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 September 2012.
- Joseph, Noah (2013-10-21). "McLaren P1 hits 62 mph in 2.8 seconds, 186 in 16.5". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
- Mark Tisshaw (2013-11-13). "McLaren P1 sold out". Autocar. Retrieved 2013-11-23.
- James Batchelor (2015-03-03). "Production McLaren P1 GTR revealed in Geneva". Auto Express. Retrieved 2015-03-14.
-  McLarens Chris Goodwin explains the P1 Drivetrain
- "Chris Harris Explains Torque Fill". YouTube. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- United States Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (2014-09-10). "Model Year 2014 Fuel Economy Guide - Electric vehicles & Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (updated September 2014)" (PDF). fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 2014-09-12. pp. 35
- "Autoblog Directory". Autoblog. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- Steve Sutcliffe (7 May 2014). "McLaren P1 Review". Autocar. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- Lisa (26 February 2013). "ALL about the new McLaren P1, debuting at Geneva this March". The Car Addict Autoblog. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- "Geneva Motor Show: McLaren P1 unveiled". Motoring. 27 February 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Barari, Arman (ed.). "McLaren P1: Official Specs and Details". Motorward. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
- Mark Tisshaw (30 August 2013). "McLaren P1 "virtually sold out"". Autocar. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Eric Loveday (2013-10-16). "McLaren P1 Officially Enters Production". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 2013-10-16.
- Eric Loveday (6 May 2013). "McLaren Quickly Sells Two-Thirds of Total Production Run of P1 Plug-In Hybrid". Inside EVs. Retrieved 6 May 2013.
- Jay Cole (13 May 2014). "Jay Leno Gets First McLaren P1, Drives The Heck Out Of It On Normal Roads – video". InsideEVs.com. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- Bertel Schmitt (2014-12-03). "While EV sales rise, JATO counts 4,000 fewer Model S than Tesla". Daily Kanban. Retrieved 2014-12-06.
- Vereinigung Schweizer Automobil-Importeure. "Autoverkäufe nach Modellen - Modellstatistik" [Passenger cars by model - Statistics by model] (in German). Auto Schweiz Suisse. Retrieved 2014-12-06. Under "Modellstatistik" download the xls file "Januar - Oktober 2014" for 2014 sales.
- "First look track-focused McLaren P1 GTR interior". Fit4Talent. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
- "McLaren P1 GTR". cars.mclaren.com. 26 August 2014. Retrieved 26 August 2014.
- "McLaren to launch exclusive ultimate track focused McLaren P1 GTR". media.mclarenautomotive.com. 1 July 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2014.
- "Production McLaren P1 GTR revealed with iconic livery". Autoexpress UK. Retrieved 22 February 2015.
- "McLaren confirms P1 Nurburgring lap time".
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to McLaren P1.|
|McLaren Automotive road car timeline 1990s–present|
|Ultimate Series||F1||Mercedes SLR||P1|