McLean County, Kentucky

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McLean County, Kentucky
McLean County Courthouse Kentucky.jpg
McLean County Courthouse in Calhoun
Map of Kentucky highlighting McLean County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of the United States highlighting Kentucky
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Alney McLean
Seat Calhoun
Largest city Livermore
Area
 • Total 256 sq mi (663 km2)
 • Land 252 sq mi (653 km2)
 • Water 3.8 sq mi (10 km2), 1.5%
Population
 • (2010) 9,531
 • Density 38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.mcleancounty.ky.gov

McLean County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,531.[1] Its county seat is Calhoun.[2] McLean is a prohibition or dry county.

McLean County is part of the Owensboro, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of some 114,752 (2010 census).

History[edit]

McLean County was formed by act of the Kentucky legislature on February 6, 1854 from portions of surrounding Daviess, Ohio, and Muhlenberg Counties. The county was named for Judge Alney McLean, founder of Greenville, the county seat of Muhlenberg County.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 256 square miles (660 km2), of which 252 square miles (650 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (1.5%) is water.[4]

Features[edit]

McLean County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky.

The county is transected southeast to northwest by Green River, the longest river entirely within the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Bridge crossings of Green River are at Calhoun, Livermore and west of Beech Grove. Green River is navigable throughout McLean County, with Army Corps of Engineers Lock and Dam #2 at Calhoun assisting boat navigation.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 6,144
1870 7,614 23.9%
1880 9,293 22.1%
1890 9,887 6.4%
1900 12,448 25.9%
1910 13,241 6.4%
1920 12,502 −5.6%
1930 11,072 −11.4%
1940 11,446 3.4%
1950 10,021 −12.4%
1960 9,355 −6.6%
1970 9,062 −3.1%
1980 10,090 11.3%
1990 9,628 −4.6%
2000 9,938 3.2%
2010 9,531 −4.1%
Est. 2013 9,496 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,938 people, 3,984 households, and 2,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15/km2). There were 4,392 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6.6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.58% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,984 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,675, and the median income for a family was $35,322. Males had a median income of $28,446 versus $19,432 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,046. About 13.70% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.10% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

McLean County has a county-wide public school district of some 1,700 students with one high school, one middle school and three elementary schools.

McLean County High School has approximately 500 students. McLean County Middle School has roughly 350 students. In the 2006-2007 school year, McLean County Middle School ranked third in final year testing and second in public schools to Hancock County. Both schools are located just east of Calhoun on Highway 136 and have the cougar as mascots.

Additionally, the county school system has three grade K-5 elementary schools in the towns of Calhoun, Livermore and Sacramento. The Calhoun and Livermore elementaries have about 300 students each, while Sacramento Elementary has 125 students. The future of the Sacramento school is still in question, although the local board of education has endorsed plans to renovate the school if costs can be contained.

At any time, between 350 and 400 county residents are enrolled in higher education of some form.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

  • Calhoun, population 837, sits on the north bank of Green River in the central area of the county and is the seat of government.
  • Island is noted for its annual Wooden Bridge Festival and has a population of 435.
  • Livermore, the largest community in McLean County with a population 1,482, lies in the eastern part of the county at the scenic confluence of Rough and Green Rivers. Livermore's bridge is noteworthy, as it begins in McLean County, crosses the Rough River, passes over and has a pylon on a sliver of Ohio County territory, crosses Green River, then ends back in McLean County.
  • Sacramento is home to the annual Battle of Sacramento Civil War Reenactment, the largest tourist event in the county, and has a population of 517.

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Beech Grove
  • Buel
  • Buttonsberry
  • Cleopatra
  • Comer
  • Congleton
  • Elba
  • Glenville
  • Guffie
  • Lemon
  • Livia
  • Nuckols
  • Pack
  • Poplar Grove
  • Poverty
  • Rumsey
  • Semiway
  • Wrightsburg
  • Wyman

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 37°32′N 87°16′W / 37.53°N 87.26°W / 37.53; -87.26

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. p. 36. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.