McLeod Plantation in 1990
|Location||325 Country Club Dr., Charleston, South Carolina|
|Nearest city||Charleston, South Carolina|
|Area||9.2 acres (3.7 ha)|
|NRHP Reference #||74001831|
|Added to NRHP||August 13, 1974|
McLeod Plantation is located at 325 Country Club Drive. on James Island, South Carolina, near the intersection of Folly and Maybank Roads. Situated at Wappoo Creek which flows into the Ashley River, historic events have been recorded throughout the period from 1678 when it first appeared on maps under "Morris." General Clinton used the original house as his headquarters while planning the siege of Charleston in the Revolutionary War.
The house standing on the land today was constructed in about 1858 in the Georgian style. In 1926, The front and rear of the house were reversed, and the front facade was altered. Also on the property are six clapboard slave cabins, a detached kitchen, a dairy building, a pre-war gin house for long-staple cotton, a barn, and a carriage house.
The plantation was occupied by Confederate forces during most of the Civil War. After the evacuation of Charleston in early 1865, it was occupied by the 54th and 55th Massachusetts Volunteer Regiments, which were African American soldiers. The home served as a hospital. Later, the home was occupied as offices by the Freedmen's Bureau, and at one point, nearly 10,000 newly freed slaves camped out on the plantation's lands.
The South Carolina Department of Archives and History has additional information and photographs. The plantation was named one of the African American Historic Places in South Carolina.
The home was occupied by the McLeod family until the 1980s, and a share was given to the Historic Charleston Foundation who proceeded to consolidate shareholders. It was sold to the American College of the Building Arts in 2004. Unable to support the development of their school and the plantation, ACBA returned it to Historic Charleston in 2008. In 2011, Historic Charleston Foundation finally sold McLeod Plantation to the Charleston County Park and Recreation Commission, thereby ensuring the buildings will be restored and protected under public ownership.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09.
- Bull, Elias; John Califf and Tray Stephenson (May 6, 1974). "McLeod Plantation" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- Friends of McLeod, Inc., history of the plantation
- "McLeod Plantation, Charleston County (James Island)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 11 June 2012.
- African American Historic Places in South Carolina
- "McLeod Plantation". Parks and Facilities. Charleston County Parks and Recreation Commission. Retrieved 20 May 2012.