McLeod River

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For the river in British Columbia, see McLeod River (British Columbia).
McLeod River
McLeodRiverAlberta.JPG
The McLeod River near Edson, Alberta
Origin Cardinal Divide
52°59′00″N 117°20′15″W / 52.98333°N 117.33750°W / 52.98333; -117.33750
Mouth Athabasca River
52°51′55″N 115°42′01″W / 52.86528°N 115.70028°W / 52.86528; -115.70028
Basin countries  Alberta  Canada
Source elevation 1,621 m (5,318 ft)
Mouth elevation 690 m (2,260 ft)

The McLeod River is a river in west-central Alberta, Canada. It forms in the foothills of the Canadian Rockies, and is a major tributary of the Athabasca River.

The McLeod River south of Hinton, Alberta

Course[edit]

The river begins just outside the eastern border of Jasper National Park, at the confluence of Thornton and Cheviot Creeks. These creeks are fed by the meltwater on the western slopes of Tripoli and Cheviot Mountains. The McLeod River then follows the Grave Flats Road, taking on Prospect, Whitehorse, and Cadomin Creeks before emptying into Lac des Roches, south of the town of Cadomin.

The river then snakes through the foothills, and is soon joined by four major tributaries, the Gregg, Erith, Embarrass, and Edson rivers before meeting the Athabasca River near the town of Whitecourt, Alberta.

Planned dam[edit]

Throughout the 1950s and the 1960s the Alberta Government undertook a number of planning studies that discussed diverting water from the Athabasca-Mackenzie watershed to the North and South Saskatchewan Rivers. In 1970, a preliminary engineering report on the McLeod Valley Dam was released by the provincial Department of Agriculture.

The dam was to be located 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Edson, Alberta, near the hamlet of Peers, Alberta. The diverted water would have been sent via a canal to Chip Lake. The report read:

"The main embankment would be 5810 feet long with crest elevation at 2780 feet and a maximum height of 140 feet. Dykes, 13,230 feet long and with a maximum height of 15 feet would also be required. Two diversion tunnels, one of which will later be converted to a low level outlet, are proposed to handle river flow during the construction period. A gated ogee crest spillway has been designed with a discharge capacity sufficient to route a 1:500 year flood through the reservoir. The dam would create a reservoir approximately 12 miles long with a total storage area of 562,700 acre feet (694,100,000 m3) at full supply level of 2770 feet."[1]

The McLeod Valley Dam, as well as the larger Athabasca-to-Saskatchewan diversion scheme, was shelved in the 1970s due to rising construction costs and environmental concerns.

Tributaries[edit]

Tributaries of the McLeod River, from headwaters to the Athabasca River, include:

  • Thornton Creek
  • Cheviot Creek
  • Prospect Creek
  • Whitehorse Creek
    • Drummond Creek, Harlequin Creek
  • Cadomin Creek
  • Luscar Creek
    • Lac des Roches
  • Watson Creek
  • Mackenzie Creek
  • Beaverdam Creek
    • Taylor Creek, Chief Creek, Thompson Creek, Rainbow Creek
  • Mercoal Creek
  • Deerlick Creek
    • Eunice Creek
  • Wampus Creek
  • Mary Gregg Creek
    • Mary Gregg Lake, Trapper Creek
  • Antler Creek
  • McCardell Creek
  • Gregg River
    • Berry's Creek, Sphinx Creek, Drinnan Creek, Folding Mountain Creek, Mystery Lake, Warden Creek, Teepee Creek, Wigwam Creek
  • Anderson Creek
  • Quigley Creek
  • McPherson Creek
  • White Creek
  • Corral Creek
  • Embarras River
    • Mitchell Creek, Baril Creek, Lambert Creek, Neill Creek, Prest Creek, Bryan Creek, Dummy (Hay) Creek
    • Erith River
      • Rodney Creek, Raven Creek, Hanlan Creek, Lendrum Creek, Lund Creek, Halpenny Creek, Wickham Creek
  • Little Sundance Creek
  • Swartz Creek
  • Wolf Creek
  • Edson River
    • Bench Creek
  • Trout Creek
  • January Creek
  • South Carrot Creek
  • Lost Creek
  • Groat Creek
  • Beaver Creek

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Development Planning Branch, Water Resources Division, Alberta Department of Agriculture, Preliminary Engineering Report on the Investigation and Design of the McLeod Valley Dam, Edmonton: 1970.