McMillan Woods

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McMillan Woods
Woods
Name origin: O. D. McMillan[1]:'94
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Adams
NPS unit Gettysburg National Military Park
Landform Warfield Ridge
Location "McMillan Woods" marker
Biome Northern Piedmont ecoregion
Geology Gettysburg-Newark Lowlands, Rossville Diabase dike[2] (50 feet thick)
GNIS ID 1180785 [3]

McMillan Woods is a Gettysburg Battlefield forested area used during the Battle of Gettysburg and for camps after the American Civil War, including a CCC camp and the subsequent WWII POW camp at Gettysburg. The woods includes Rifle Pits and Earth Works from the battle[4]

The cast iron site identification tablet for the woods was placed in 1920,[4] and the woods is the site of a youth campground.

History[edit]

Chronology
Date Event
1906-07-16 Camp Henderson of the PA National Guard [1] used 95 acres (0.38 km2) in McMillan Woods and the Trostle, Klingel, Sherfy, McPherson, and Codori farms [2] for the encampment through July 16. Maneuvers were conducted from Zeigler's Grove to Devil's Den.[3] (the joint maneuver camp followed at Mount Gretna's Camp Roosevelt.)[5]
1906-07-16 Camp Henderson of the PA National Guard [4] used 95 acres (0.38 km2) in McMillan Woods and the Trostle, Klingel, Sherfy, McPherson, and Codori farms [5] for the encampment through July 16. Maneuvers were conducted from Zeigler's Grove to Devil's Den.[6] (the joint maneuver camp followed at Mount Gretna's Camp Roosevelt.)[5]
1934-02-03 CCC camp NP-2 had opened [7] in McMillan Woods[6] (Charles Heilman was the 1936 commander).[8][9]
1942-03 The McMillan Woods CCC camp was to be abandoned [10] after becoming the 1st under an "all colored staff" in 1939.[11]
1944-11-15 POWs moved to the former McMillan Woods CCC camp[12] converted to the Gettysburg WWII POW Camp to replace the stockade.[7]
1949-08-09 The site of the former POW camp was used for the camporee of the Black Walnut Boy Scout district.[13]
1966 Boy Scout summer camps formerly held at Pardee Field began at McMillan Woods.[14]
1989 Improvements were completed at the McMillan Woods Youth Campground for hosting 5500 campers each year.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gettysburg National Military Park Commission. "An Introduction to the Annual Reports of the Gettysburg National Military Park Commission to the Secretary of War". The Gettysburg Commission Reports. Gettysburg, PA: War Department. 
  2. ^ "Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site: Geologic Resources Inventory Report" (pdf). Denver, Colorado: National Park Service: Natural Resource Program Center. 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-02. 
  3. ^ "McMillan Woods (1180785)". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2011-06-06. 
  4. ^ a b Cope, Emmor, McMillan Woods Rifle Pits (Structure number MD15, LCS ID 006988) & Earthworks (Structure number MD16) (NPS.gov webpage), List of Classified Structures: GETT p. 36 (United States Department of War marker), retrieved[dead link], "6 shallow dish-shaped depressions in ground. 2' deep, 7'11" diameter. Overgrown & filled w/ decomposed leaves. Located ca 20' form E edge of McMillan Woods, 60' from West Confederate Ave."  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  5. ^ a b "An Imaginary Battle Fought at Gettysburg" (Google News Archive). Reading Eagle. July 25, 1906. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  6. ^ "Camp Information for NP-2-PA". Pennsylvania CCC Archive. Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. Retrieved 2010-02-01. 
  7. ^ "Out of the Past: 50 Years Ago". June 29, 1995. Retrieved 2010-02-01.