McPherson County, Kansas

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McPherson County, Kansas
McPherson County Courthouse.jpg
McPherson County Courthouse in McPherson
Map of Kansas highlighting McPherson County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Named for James B. McPherson
Seat McPherson
Largest city McPherson
Area
 • Total 901.24 sq mi (2,334 km2)
 • Land 899.71 sq mi (2,330 km2)
 • Water 1.52 sq mi (4 km2), 0.17%
Population
 • (2010) 29,180
 • Density 32.8/sq mi (12.7/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website mcphersoncountyks.us

Coordinates: 38°24′N 97°40′W / 38.400°N 97.667°W / 38.400; -97.667

McPherson County (standard abbreviation: MP) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 29,180.[1] The largest city and county seat is McPherson.[2] The county is named for Civil War General James B. McPherson.

The McPherson Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McPherson County.

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

1845 Santa Fe Trail crossing McPherson County
1915-1918 Railroad Map of McPherson County

For millennia, the land now known as Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state.

From the 1820s to 1870s, the Santa Fe Trail passed through, what is now McPherson County. The trail entered the county, east of Canton, then south of Galva, then north of Inman, and west towards Lyons. In 1855, Charles O. Fuller established a ranch adjacent to the Running Turkey Creek Crossing about two miles south and one mile east of Galva. Fuller's Ranch provided accommodations for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail and was probably the first white settlement in McPherson County.

Peketon County was established in 1860, by the passage of a bill by S. N. Wood: An act to establish Peketon County. Section 1. - That all that territory west of the sixth principal meridian and south of Township 16, in Kansas Territory, be and the same is hereby erected into a county, to be known by the name of Peketon County. On February 17, 1865, Peketon County was abolished, and McPherson County was made a part of Marion County, which extended from the west line of Chase County to the present western boundary of Kansas.

In 1868, Solomon Stephens and L. N. Holmberg were appointed Justices of the Peace - the first officers in what is now McPherson County. The next year (1869) occurred the first election for the township, now the county of McPherson. McPherson was regularly organized as a county in the spring of 1870, a mass meeting being held at Sweadal. Sweadal, the county seat thus selected, was located about one mile and a half southwest of the present site of Lindsborg. In September, however, the County Commissioners resolved to meet at the latter place, McPherson which had already been located some two years.

In April, 1873, a petition was filed for the county seat re-location. It was signed by 483 voters, and a special election was accordingly ordered for June 10. Upon that day, McPherson received 605 votes, New Gottland 325, King City 3 and Lindsborg 1; McPherson's majority over all, 276. In May the McPherson Town Company had offered, as an inducement for the location of the county seat at this point, the free use of rooms for ten years, and the donation of two squares of land on the town site. The offer was accepted the next month, the County Commissioners selecting blocks 56 and 65. Thus the county seat was established at McPherson and has remained since.

As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[3] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[4] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[5] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was abandoned. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, then connected with the original AT&SF main line at Ellinwood.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[6] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and Santa Rosa, New Mexico, where it made a connection with the Southern Pacific from El Paso, Texas. The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was absorbed by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway. This line is also called the "Golden State Route".

20th century[edit]

The National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and was routed through Windom, Conway, McPherson.

Law and government[edit]

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 901.24 square miles (2,334.2 km2), of which 899.71 square miles (2,330.2 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 1.52 square miles (3.9 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 738
1880 17,143 2,222.9%
1890 21,614 26.1%
1900 21,421 −0.9%
1910 21,521 0.5%
1920 21,845 1.5%
1930 23,588 8.0%
1940 24,152 2.4%
1950 23,670 −2.0%
1960 24,285 2.6%
1970 24,778 2.0%
1980 26,855 8.4%
1990 27,268 1.5%
2000 29,554 8.4%
2010 29,180 −1.3%
Est. 2012 29,356 [9] 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
Age pyramid
2005 KDOT Map of McPherson County (map legend)

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 29,554 people, 11,205 households, and 7,966 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 11,830 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1% were of German, 12.9% Swedish, 12.1% American, 6.7% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 11,205 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,138, and the median income for a family was $48,243. Males had a median income of $33,530 versus $21,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,921. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.20% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns[edit]

Incorporated cities[edit]

Name and population (2010):

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

Townships[edit]

McPherson County is divided into twenty-five townships. The cities of Lindsborg and McPherson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Battle Hill 04550 91 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.33% 38°29′2″N 97°25′22″W / 38.48389°N 97.42278°W / 38.48389; -97.42278
Bonaville 07925 66 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34% 38°32′57″N 97°30′34″W / 38.54917°N 97.50944°W / 38.54917; -97.50944
Canton 10500 1,090 12 (30) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°23′21″N 97°25′36″W / 38.38917°N 97.42667°W / 38.38917; -97.42667
Castle 10950 225 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°23′9″N 97°52′44″W / 38.38583°N 97.87889°W / 38.38583; -97.87889
Delmore 17575 138 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°28′43″N 97°33′17″W / 38.47861°N 97.55472°W / 38.47861; -97.55472
Empire 21200 1,178 13 (33) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°23′12″N 97°32′7″W / 38.38667°N 97.53528°W / 38.38667; -97.53528
Groveland 29150 234 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°17′55″N 97°44′37″W / 38.29861°N 97.74361°W / 38.29861; -97.74361
Gypsum Creek 29325 215 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°33′32″N 97°26′12″W / 38.55889°N 97.43667°W / 38.55889; -97.43667
Harper 30225 137 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°28′55″N 97°45′50″W / 38.48194°N 97.76389°W / 38.48194; -97.76389
Hayes 30950 287 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°17′55″N 97°52′54″W / 38.29861°N 97.88167°W / 38.29861; -97.88167
Jackson 34850 198 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.49% 38°22′33″N 97°46′48″W / 38.37583°N 97.78000°W / 38.37583; -97.78000
King City 36900 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°18′51″N 97°39′8″W / 38.31417°N 97.65222°W / 38.31417; -97.65222
Little Valley 41600 475 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°13′38″N 97°52′32″W / 38.22722°N 97.87556°W / 38.22722; -97.87556
Lone Tree 42525 486 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°17′37″N 97°32′48″W / 38.29361°N 97.54667°W / 38.29361; -97.54667
McPherson 43975 618 8 (21) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.23% 38°23′24″N 97°38′57″W / 38.39000°N 97.64917°W / 38.39000; -97.64917
Marquette 44950 776 8 (22) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°33′9″N 97°51′30″W / 38.55250°N 97.85833°W / 38.55250; -97.85833
Meridian 45975 341 4 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°12′43″N 97°26′8″W / 38.21194°N 97.43556°W / 38.21194; -97.43556
Mound 48675 2,104 23 (59) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°12′24″N 97°31′22″W / 38.20667°N 97.52278°W / 38.20667; -97.52278
New Gottland 50350 354 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°28′29″N 97°38′21″W / 38.47472°N 97.63917°W / 38.47472; -97.63917
Smoky Hill 66025 297 3 (9) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°34′35″N 97°38′59″W / 38.57639°N 97.64972°W / 38.57639; -97.64972
South Sharps Creek 67000 112 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°28′21″N 97°52′11″W / 38.47250°N 97.86972°W / 38.47250; -97.86972
Spring Valley 67750 373 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°18′2″N 97°25′21″W / 38.30056°N 97.42250°W / 38.30056; -97.42250
Superior 69475 1,640 18 (46) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.72% 38°13′28″N 97°46′1″W / 38.22444°N 97.76694°W / 38.22444; -97.76694
Turkey Creek 71700 294 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°13′10″N 97°38′23″W / 38.21944°N 97.63972°W / 38.21944; -97.63972
Union 72225 190 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 38°33′12″N 97°44′59″W / 38.55333°N 97.74972°W / 38.55333; -97.74972

Education[edit]

Windom, Kansas in McPherson County during the early 20th century

Unified school districts[edit]

District Office In Neighboring County

Colleges[edit]

Museums[edit]

See also[edit]

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas

Further reading[edit]

McPherson County
Kansas
Trails
Mennonite Settlements

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 County Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 31, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  4. ^ Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886.
  5. ^ Railway Abandonment 1968
  6. ^ Rock Island Rail History
  7. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  9. ^ U.S. County 2012 Estimated Census; census.gov
  10. ^ U.S. Decennial Census; census.gov
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

County
Maps