McPherson Range

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McPherson
Teviot Falls.jpg
Teviot Falls
Highest point
Peak Mount Barney
Elevation 1,359 m (4,459 ft)
Coordinates 28°17′S 152°42′E / 28.283°S 152.700°E / -28.283; 152.700
Geography
McPherson Range is located in New South Wales
McPherson Range
Country Australia
State Queensland, New South Wales
Range coordinates 28°20′S 153°00′E / 28.33°S 153°E / -28.33; 153Coordinates: 28°20′S 153°00′E / 28.33°S 153°E / -28.33; 153

The McPherson Range is an extensive mountain range, a spur of the Great Dividing Range, heading in an easterly direction from near Wallangarra to the Pacific Ocean coastline. It forms part of the Scenic Rim on the border between the states of New South Wales and Queensland. Further west of the McPherson Range is the Main Range. Towards the coast the range continues into the Border Ranges and other mountainous terrain formed by the Tweed Volcano.

The Australian electoral Division of McPherson was named after the mountain range.

Geography[edit]

Wilsons Peak is considered to be the intersection of the Great Divide and the McPherson Range.[1] There are five waterfalls in this part of the range including Teviot Falls, Queen Mary Falls, Daggs Falls, Browns Falls and Upper Browns Falls. Other notable mountains in the range include Mount Lindesay and Mount Barney.

The range is an area of significant scenic beauty and contains a multitude of National Parks, including Mount Barney National Park, Border Ranges National Park and Lamington National Park amongst others which possess World Heritage listing, as the Gondwana Rainforests of Australia.

The Brisbane-Sydney railway line and the Lions Road pass over the range at Richmond Gap, as does the Mount Lindesay Highway and the Nerang-Murwillumbah Road. A third passage through Teviot Gap, provides a road route between Boonah and Killarney near Wilson's Peak.

History[edit]

The ranges were first explored by white settlers in 1828. The party was headed by Allan Cunningham and Patrick Logan while searching for a route to the Darling Downs from the newly established Moreton Bay penal colony.[2] Logan had climbed Mount Barney thinking that he was on Mount Warning until he reached the summit and saw the true Mount Warning further south. Realising they were on another range they named it the McPherson Range.[3] Logan named Wilsons Peak and Mount Shadforth, which is now known as Mount Toowoonan.

The McPherson Range was the location of the Stinson airliner crash, which went missing on a flight between Brisbane and Sydney in 1937. Alfonso Bernard O'Reilly, a local farmer, trekked through thick forests and rugged terrain to discover the wreck and two emaciated, badly injured survivors, nine days after the crash.[4]

The twin peaks of Mount Barney

Flora and fauna[edit]

The sub-tropical rainforest on the range has never been damaged by severe bushfires and contains more than 20 species of rock and tree orchids.[5]

The Stream Lily is a perennial plant found along creeks and gullies of the range. The extinct fern species Antrophyum austroqueenslandicum may still exist in unsurveyed parts of the range.[citation needed]

The unique Lamington Spiny Crayfish colours has evolved with white in New South Wales valleys and blue crayfish in Queensland's section of the range.[6]

The rainforests contain important populations of the endangered Rufous Scrub-bird, and the vulnerable Albert's Lyrebird, both of which are confined to South-east Queensland and North-east New South Wales.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rankin, Robert. (1992) Secrets of the Scenic Rim. Rankin Publishers ISBN 0-9592418-3-3
  2. ^ Roberts, Beryl (1991). Stories of the Southside. Archerfield, Queensland: Aussie Books. p. 42. ISBN 0-947336-01-X. 
  3. ^ Jensen, Jo; Peta Barrett (1996). Patrick Logan. Moorooka, Queensland: Future Horizon Publishing. p. 31. ISBN 0-9587622-7-9. 
  4. ^ "O'Reilly, Alfonso Bernard (1903 - 1975) Biographical Entry". Australian Dictionary of Biography Online. Australian National University. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  5. ^ Smith, Robin; Osmar White (1970). The Beauty of Australia. Hawthorne, Victoria: Lloyd O'Neil. p. 43. ISBN 0085550000. 
  6. ^ Lackner, Thomas (1989). Discovering Binna Burra on Foot. Envirobook. p. 37. ISBN 0-85881-088-3.