Mdantsane

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Mdantsane
Mdantsane is located in South Africa
Mdantsane
Mdantsane
 Mdantsane shown within South Africa
Coordinates: 32°57′S 27°44′E / 32.950°S 27.733°E / -32.950; 27.733Coordinates: 32°57′S 27°44′E / 32.950°S 27.733°E / -32.950; 27.733
Country South Africa
Province Eastern Cape
Municipality Buffalo City
Area[1]
 • Total 45.55 km2 (17.59 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 156,835
 • Density 3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)[1]
 • Black African 99.5%
 • Coloured 0.2%
 • Indian/Asian 0.1%
 • White 0.1%
 • Other 0.2%
First languages (2011)[1]
 • Xhosa 93.9%
 • English 3.0%
 • Other 3.1%
Postal code (street) 5219
PO box 5219
Area code 043

Mdantsane is a South African township situated between East London and King William's Town in the Eastern Cape province. It houses the second biggest shopping mall in the Eastern Cape Province (Mdantsane City and open since April 2008)[citation needed]. The original inhabitants were people who were forcibly removed from what was known as East Bank in East London. The East Bank was a multiracial residential area. Mdantsane was located within an apartheid structure, then known by the name of Ciskei.

It is divided into eighteen zones which are still expanding, with the newest unit known as Unit P. The zones are named numerically in the chronological order of their establishment. The central market, in N.U.2 (Zone 2) district is called "The Hi-way". It is named after Qumza Highway, which is the main road that runs through Mdantsane from East London city centre to an industrial area at the end, Fort Jackson. Here many informal traders sell their wares on the streets and it is also the location of the main taxi rank. There is also formal trading which is housed in the recently built shopping malls. Mdantsane is also known as a home of boxing, because this is where boxing world champions like Happyboy Mgxaji, Welcome Ncita and Vuyani Bungu hail from. A pulsating culture in music, arts and poetry continues to thrive in this close-knit township life. Many political stalwarts and veterans also hail from this township, including Thozamile Gqweta, Ntombazana Gertrude Botha, Mlamli Ondala and Bangumzi Sifingo.

There is a vibrant social life with youth establishing local street wear apparel examples are Phethelo Hanise owner of the trending Ezasezantsi Street Wear that caters to the local Street Wear community in Mdantsane, many church denominations and other social activities. However, according to Statistics South Africa, the area still has a very high unemployment rate. The township is part of the Buffalo City Metropolitan Municipality in the Eastern Cape.

After a quarrel with his girlfriend, Bulelani Vukwana shot and killed 11 people and injured a further six in a spree killing on February 9, 2002. He later committed suicide.

Cecilia Makiwane Hospital is a 1,724-bed multidisciplinary hospital in Mdantsane. It was named after Cecilia Makiwane, the first black registered nurse in South Africa.[2] Along with Frere Hospital and the East London Mental Health Unit, it forms part of the East London Hospital Complex, which serves a population of almost three million people.[3]

Demographics[edit]

The language spoken in Mdantsane is Xhosa, however English or Afrikaans is spoken as a second language by the inhabitants. The majority of Mdantsane's residents subsist below the living wage, according to the government's economic classifications. However, there is a growing middle class in Mdantsane. With the advent of the Mdantsane Urban Renewal initiative this category of residents is set to grow rapidly.

Notes[edit]