Meade Lux Lewis
|Meade 'Lux' Lewis|
|Birth name||Meade Anderson Lewis|
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Died||June 7, 1964
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
|Genres||Boogie-woogie, piano blues|
|Labels||Paramount, Parlophone, Blue Note|
Meade "Lux" Lewis (September 1905 – June 7, 1964) was an American pianist and composer, noted for his work in the boogie-woogie style. His best known work, "Honky Tonk Train Blues", has been recorded by many artists.
Lewis was born Meade Anderson Lewis in Chicago, Illinois in September 1905 (September 3, 4 and 13 have all been cited as his date of birth in various sources). In his youth he was influenced by the pianist Jimmy Yancey.
A 1927 rendition of "Honky Tonk Train Blues" on the Paramount Records label marked his recording debut. He remade it for Parlophone in 1935 and for Victor in 1937 and a recording exists of a Camel Caravan broadcast, including "Honky Tonk Train Blues" from New York City in 1939. His performance at John Hammond's historic From Spirituals to Swing concert at Carnegie Hall in 1938 brought Lewis to public attention. Following the event, Lewis and two other performers from that concert, Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson, often appeared as a trio and became the leading boogie-woogie pianists of the day.
They performed an extended engagement at Café Society, toured as a trio, and inspired the formation of Blue Note Records in 1939. Their success led to a decade-long boogie-woogie craze, with big band swing treatments by Tommy Dorsey, Will Bradley, and others; and numerous country boogie and early rock and roll songs.
He became the first jazz pianist to double on celeste (starting in 1936) and was featured on that instrument on a Blue Note quartet date with Edmond Hall and Charlie Christian. Lewis also played harpsichord on a few records in 1941. After the boogie-woogie craze ended, Lewis continued working in Chicago and California.
Lewis appeared in the movies New Orleans (1947) and Nightmare (1956). Uncomfortably typecast as a boogie-woogie and blues pianist, Lewis spent his later years playing rags and old-time pop songs. He also appeared, uncredited, in the movie It's a Wonderful Life, playing piano in the scene where George Bailey gets thrown out of Nick's Bar.
Lewis died in a car accident in Minneapolis, Minnesota on June 7, 1964, aged 58.
Lewis' best known work, "Honky Tonk Train Blues", has been recorded in various contexts, often in a big band arrangement. Early recordings of the piece by artists other than Lewis include performances by Adrian Rollini, Frankie Trumbauer, classical harpsichordist Sylvia Marlowe, theater organist George Wright (with drummer Cozy Cole, under the title "Organ Boogie"), and Bob Zurke with Bob Crosby's orchestra. Keith Emerson of Emerson, Lake & Palmer often included it in his repertoire and recorded it in 1972.
- 1975 - Tell Your Story, Oldie Blues, OL 2805
- 1982 - Giant of Blues and Boogie Woogie 1905-1964, Oldie Blues, OL 2810
- 1984 - Chicago Piano Blues and Boogie Woogie 1936-1951 Vol. 3, Oldie Blues, OL 2827
- Meade Lux Lewis biography on African American Registry
- Meade 'Lux' Lewis discography at Discogs
- Meade 'Lux' Lewis discography at Rate Your Music
- "Biography by Scott Yanow". Allmusic.com. Retrieved May 29, 2009.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues - From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 135. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- "Deep Blues" by Robert Palmer, 1981, p. 130
- "Meade Lux Lewis on IMDb". Retrieved December 28, 2009.
- Tell Your Story at Discogs
- Giant of Blues and Boogie Woogie 1905-1964 at Discogs
- Chicago Piano Blues and Boogie Woogie 1936-1951 Vol. 3 at Discogs