Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan

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Meadow Lake
Lac des Prairies
Meadow Lake City Hall
Meadow Lake City Hall
Motto: Gateway to Pure Air and Water
Meadow Lake is located in Saskatchewan
Meadow Lake
Meadow Lake
Location of Meadow Lake in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 54°07′27″N 108°26′09″W / 54.12417°N 108.43583°W / 54.12417; -108.43583
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Incorporated Village August 29, 1931
Incorporated Town February 1, 1936
Incorporated City November 9, 2009
Government
 • Mayor Gary Vidal
 • MLA Constituency of Meadow Lake Jeremy Harrison
 • MP Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River Rob Clarke
Area
 • Land 7.95 km2 (3.07 sq mi)
Elevation480.40[1] 498.30 m (1,634.84 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 5,045
 • Density 634.2/km2 (1,643/sq mi)
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC−6)
Highways Hwy 55, Hwy 4
Post office established January 1, 1911
Website Meadow Lake
[3][4][5][6][7]

Meadow Lake is a city located in north west Saskatchewan, Canada about 246 kilometers (153 mi) north east of Lloydminster and 156 kilometers (97 mi) north of North Battleford.[8] On November 9, 2009, it officially became Saskatchewan's 14th city.[9]

Meadow Lake is the main business centre in northwest Saskatchewan and serves the many towns and villages as a regional shopping centre. It is the second-largest community in Saskatchewan's Census Division No. 17, after Saskatchewan's portion of the interprovincial city of Lloydminster. Incorporated as a city on November 9, 2009, Meadow Lake became the 14th city in Saskatchewan. The city borders the Rural Municipality of Meadow Lake No. 588 and the Flying Dust First Nation No. 105 reserves.

History[edit]

Peter Fidler built Bolsover House in 1799 near "Lac des Prairies", the first name given to Meadow Lake. In 1873 Metis families arrived establishing a Hudson's Bay Company trading post, joined by other settlers in the early 1900s. The largest impetus occurred following a fire of 1919 and the exodus of some of the settlers during the Great Depression from the Dust Bowl of central and southern Saskatchewan to communities in the north.[7][10][11]

Bolsover House[edit]

For fur trade in the area see Beaver River (Canada). Peter Fidler of the Hudson's Bay Company was told by Indian guides that Meadow Lake was a good place for furs. On August 30, 1799 he reached the mouth of the Meadow Lake River. The stream was so narrow and crooked that he almost despaired of navigating it. When he reached the Lake he found it so shallow and swampy that he had to proceed demi-chargé. Finding no good place on the lake he went up a river and selected a place about 1000 yards inland. He named it Bolsover House after his home town in England. The post returned only 190 made beaver in the first season so in 1801 it was closed and everything moved east to Green Lake House. The exact site of Bolsover House is unknown. There is a monument to Peter Fidler in Meadow Lake.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical Population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1955 2,216 —    
1991 4,318 +94.9%
1996 4,819 +11.6%
2001 4,582 −4.9%
2006 4,771 +4.1%
[13][14][15]

The Meadow Lake Indian Band was established in 1889 with signing of Treaty 6 to the north of Meadow Lake. This reserve is now named the Flying Dust First Nation.[10]

The 1955 population was established as 1,978 by the Saskatchewan Business Directory and as 2,453 in the 1955 Golden Jubilee edition of Saskatchewan Business Directory. 2,216 given in the table is the average of these two population counts.[10]

On November 9, 2009, it officially became Saskatchewan's 14th city.[9][16] The population is a matter of uncertainty. The 2001 census showed only a population of 4,582 persons living on 7.64 km2 (2.95 sq mi) of land - Saskatchewan generally requires a sustained population over 5,000 to qualify for city status - however, the city's Community Profile indicates that an unofficial re-count by Statistics Canada in 2004 showed a population of 5,021.[17] However, the 2006 census figure shows 4,771, while population figures cited in the Community Report and based upon information from Saskatchewan Health claim a 2005 population of 6648. By comparison, Melville, Saskatchewan still retains its city charter despite a population drop to between 4,200 and 4,300.

Geography[edit]

Meadow Lake is located in the middle of an area pre-historically covered by a large glacial lake also called Meadow Lake (Saskatchewan) formed from a receding continental glacier, of which only a fraction still exists. The lake is located on the east side of the city. The ancient lakeshore forms the Meadow Lake Escarpment, a significant terrain feature clearly visible looking south from many points in the city.

The area is a part of the Southern Boreal EcoRegion with the Northern Boreal EcoRegion to the north and the Parkland EcoRegion on the south. The neighbouring rural areas include Trembling aspen Populus tremuloides, White spruce Picea glauca, Jack Pine Pinus banksiana, Black Spruce Picea mariana and muskegs[7][21]

Specifically Meadow Lake is situated in the Meadow Lake plain of the Boreal transition ecoregion in the Boreal Plain ecozone.[22]

Climate[edit]

Meadow Lake experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) that falls just short of being classified as a subarctic climate (Köppen Dfc). A record high of 37.2 °C (99.0 °F) was set August 10, 1991, and −47 °C (−52.6 °F) was felt December 21, 1990. A record snowfall occurred November 16, 1984, with 19.4 centimeters (7.6 in) and a record 57.8 millimeters (2.28 in) of rain fell May 17, 1984. A record snowfall depth was recorded February 22, 1997, when 58 centimeters (23 in) was measured. January 11, 1986, was very cold with wind gusting to 104 kilometers (65 mi) per hour. The humidex was set at a high of 40.4 on August 10, 1991, and the opposite extreme was felt with a −55.8 windchill on December 20, 1989.

Climate data for Meadow Lake
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
9.5
(49.1)
17.5
(63.5)
30.2
(86.4)
34.2
(93.6)
35.8
(96.4)
33.4
(92.1)
37.2
(99)
33.2
(91.8)
27.7
(81.9)
19.2
(66.6)
11.2
(52.2)
37.2
(99)
Average high °C (°F) −11.7
(10.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
9.6
(49.3)
17.6
(63.7)
21.4
(70.5)
23.4
(74.1)
22.8
(73)
16.6
(61.9)
9.4
(48.9)
−3.1
(26.4)
−10.4
(13.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.1
(−0.6)
−14.8
(5.4)
−7
(19)
3.3
(37.9)
10.1
(50.2)
14.5
(58.1)
16.6
(61.9)
15.4
(59.7)
9.9
(49.8)
3.3
(37.9)
−8
(18)
−16.2
(2.8)
0.8
(33.4)
Average low °C (°F) −24.4
(−11.9)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−13.6
(7.5)
−3.1
(26.4)
2.6
(36.7)
7.5
(45.5)
9.8
(49.6)
8.0
(46.4)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.8
(27)
−12.8
(9)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
Record low °C (°F) −47
(−53)
−45.1
(−49.2)
−49.9
(−57.8)
−31.8
(−25.2)
−10
(14)
−2.5
(27.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−3.6
(25.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−47
(−53)
−47
(−53)
Precipitation mm (inches) 15.6
(0.614)
11.3
(0.445)
14.3
(0.563)
26.0
(1.024)
45.5
(1.791)
63.5
(2.5)
78.4
(3.087)
61.7
(2.429)
39.5
(1.555)
20.7
(0.815)
19.5
(0.768)
19.0
(0.748)
414.8
(16.331)
Source: Environment Canada[23]

Government[edit]

Meadow Lake has a mayor as the highest ranking government official. Voters also elect aldermen or councillors to form the municipal council. Currently the mayor is Gary Vidal.[24]

Provincially, Meadow Lake is within the Meadow Lake constituency. It is currently represented served by their MLA, Jeremy Harrison of the Saskatchewan Party.[3]

Meadow lake is represented in the Canadian House of Commons by its MP of the Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River riding, currently Rob Clarke of the Conservative Party.

Economy[edit]

The tourism, fishing, fur, pulpwood, forestry, agricultural grains, livestock, dairy and poultry product industries all support Meadow Lake which boasted seven grain elevators in 1955. Meadow Lake was processing three million bushels of grain in 1953, the highest amount for a single Canadian community.[10]

Currently the city's heavy industry is dominated by the primary forestry industry and related service companies, including trucking and forestry management companies. The forest companies include NorSask Forest Products Inc., Meadow Lake Mechanical Pulp Ltd. and the Meadow Lake OSB Limited Partnership. Support industries include Mistik Management and various privately held trucking companies.

Meadow Lake acts as a business hub in its local area, providing services for the smaller surrounding communities of Dorintosh and Rapid View and surrounding reserves including the Flying Dust First Nation and the Eagles Lake reserve.

A major component of the Meadow Lake economy is the First Nation communities and their relative success. The Flying Dust First Nation, which directly borders the town, owns and operates many of the city's most profitable industries, including direct ownership of NorSask Forest Products Inc., a portion of the Meadow Lake OSB Partnership, stakes in local trucking and service companies, and a sizeable farming operation which is currently limited to leasing the vast amounts of local property they own or have title on.

The community’s agricultural community is also sizeable, including both cereal production and ranching operations. The most pristine agricultural lands are closest to the city, whereas the surrounding areas become less suitable for farming and more amenable to ranching as you progress north Canadian Shield or east to the St. Cyr Hills. The city boasts one stockyard and two major agricultural equipment dealers.

The community is home to the SaskPower Meadow Lake Power Station.

The community is 40 km southeast of Meadow Lake Provincial Park.

Education[edit]

Meadow Lake is served by Transition Place Education Center, Carpenter High, Jonas Samson Junior High, Lakeview elementary, Jubilee Elementary, Gateway Elementary, and North-West Regional College,[25] which offers courses at both the college and university levels. University courses, including complete, community-based Bachelor of Education and Master of Education programs are offered by the University of Regina.

In the spring of 2005, the Government of Saskatchewan invested CA$41,000 to upgrade the roof at Jonas Samson Junior High School.[26] Academy of Learning AOL is a post secondary career and business college in Meadow Lake.[27] For the school year 2007-2008, Lakeview Elementary School started a much anticipated French Immersion Program. Historically the Meadow Lake area was served by several one room school houses, the closest being the Meadow Lake School District #1201 Township 59, range 17, west of the 3rd Meridian.[28]

Local media[edit]

  • Newspapers

The Northern Pride is a weekly newspaper based in Meadow Lake and servicing northwest Saskatchewan. The Meadow Lake Progress was a local newspaper that was published from 1931 to 2013.[29]

  • Radio

CJNS-FM 102.3 and CFDM-FM 105.7 are the local radio stations. The town is also served by CBKM-FM 98.5, a repeater of CBK-AM 540 in Watrous.

Transportation[edit]

Meadow Lake is located on SK Highway 55, and SK Highway 4. The Prince Albert - Leoville - Meadow Lake - North Battleford Canadian Pacific Railway reached Meadow Lake Station at Section 26, Township 59, Range 17, west of the Third Meridian in 1931.[10] Meadow Lake Airport (IATA: YLJICAO: CYLJ) is located 2 NM (3.7 km; 2.3 mi) west of Meadow Lake.[30]

Sites of interest[edit]

Meadow Lake's slogan is "Gateway to Pure Air and Water."

Meadow Lake now has a brand new Tourist Information Centre, which is shared by the Meadow Lake Museum Society, Northern Saskatchewan Tourism, and the Meadow Lake Chamber of Commerce. This is located coming into town on highway #4 South.

Meadow Lake Provincial Park, located about 40 km to the north, takes its name from the city. Meadow Lake Lions Regional Park, Nesset Lake Recreation Site and Saint Cyr Hills Trails Recreation Site are neighbouring conservation areas.[31]

Notable people[edit]

The Honourable Joe Handley

Notable persons who were born, grew up, or established their fame in Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan:

Gallery[edit]

A church in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture which appears to be renovated for residential use. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
A typical home in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Plaque below rider on horseback statue which honours pioneers of the area. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Portion of the rider on horseback statue which honours pioneers of the area. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Mural in Meadow Lake. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Holy Trinity Anglican Church. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Plaque on Meadow Lake City Hall (Heritage Building). Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of All Saints. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of All Saints. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of All Saints. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
A church in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture which appears to be renovated for residential use. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
A church in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture which appears to be renovated for residential use. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
A typical home in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
A typical home in Meadow Lake expressing unique architecture. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Martin Gran School Sign Marker. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Martin Gran School Sign Marker. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Martin Gran Place. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Peter Fidler Monument. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson
Peter Fidler Monument. Photograph attribution Julia Adamson

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000". Environment Canada. Retrieved 2009. 
  2. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  3. ^ a b Canadian Textiles Institute. (2005). "CTI Determine your provincial constituency". Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  4. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  5. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  6. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005). "Elections Canada On-line". Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  7. ^ a b c "Meadow Lake". Sask Biz Community Profiles Enterprise Saskatchewan. Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  8. ^ "Driving Directions from North Battlefor, SK, CA to Meadow Lake, SK, CA". MapQuest, Inc. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  9. ^ a b Government of Saskatchewan. "Meadow Lake Becomes Saskatchewan's 14th City". Retrieved 2009-08-31. 
  10. ^ a b c d e "History of Meadow Lake". Town of Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan. 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  11. ^ Hourton, Stuart; Tim Ball; Mary Houston (2003-10-03). Eighteenth-century naturalists of Hudson Bay (Published online by Google books). McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. p. 92. ISBN 978-0-7735-2285-5. 
  12. ^ Elizabeth Browne Losey,"Let Them be Remembered:The Story of the Fur Trade Forts",1999
  13. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  14. ^ Taché, J. de Labroquerie (print version); Adamson, Julia (online version) (1918 republished to the internet 17-Oct-2000). Census of Prairie Provinces Population and Agriculture Manitoba Saskatchewan Alberta. Ottawa: Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty. Table 3 Towns page 121 Alameda, Sk to Watson, Sk. 
  15. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  16. ^ Gallant, Kathy (September 4, 2009). "Meadow Lake is Saskatchewan’s newest city". Meadow Lake Progress. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  17. ^ city's Community Profile available as a Word document on the city's website
  18. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  19. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  20. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  21. ^ "Meadow Lake Teachers Package". Saskatchewan Environment. Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  22. ^ Fung, Kai-iu (1999). Barry, Bill; Wilson, Michael, eds. Atlas of Saskatchewan Celebrating the Millennium (Millennium ed.). Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan. p. 162. ISBN 0-88880-387-7. 
  23. ^ Environment Canada - Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000—Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 15 August 2010
  24. ^ "Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan". Municipal Directory System. Government of Saskatchewan. December 9, 2008. Retrieved 2009-05-08. 
  25. ^ "Schools Northwest School division 203". Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  26. ^ "Upgrading North Battleford and Meadow Lake Schools". News Release. Government of Saskatchewan. May 31, 2005. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  27. ^ "Meadow Lake Career Colleges and Trade Schools". Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  28. ^ Adamson, Julia (15 Mar 2006). "Saskatchewan Gen Web - One Room School Project - City, Town, Village Schoolhouse Listing". Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  29. ^ "Meadow Lake Progress prints its last issue". CBC News. 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2013-06-30. 
  30. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  31. ^ "Querying Geographical Names of Canada". Natural Resources Canada > Earth Sciences Sector > Priorities > Mapping Services Branch > Geographical Names of Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 

Book reference[edit]

  • Meadow Lake Diamond Jubilee Heritage Group (1981). Heritage memories : a history of Meadow Lake and surrounding districts. Meadow Lake, Sask. 
  • Fieguth, Joyce (1973 then 2003). Flour sacks and binder twine. Belleville, Ont: Epic Press. ISBN 1-55306-686-3. 
  • Miller, Marlene (c. 2006). Voice of the elders. Meadow Lake Tribal Council,. 
  • Emke, Harold. A history of education in the Meadow Lake area, 1912-1988. Meadow Lake, Sask.: Meadow Lake School Division No. 66, 1990. 
  • Christiansen, E.A.; Padbury, G.A. (1975). Meadow Lake Geolog : the land, past and present. Museum's Branch, Dept. of Tourism and Renewable Resources in cooperation with the Saskatchewan Research Council. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°07′27″N 108°26′09″W / 54.12417°N 108.43583°W / 54.12417; -108.43583 (Meadow Lake, Saskatchewan)