Mecca, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mecca
Census-designated place
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Location in Riverside County and the state of California
Coordinates: 33°34′18″N 116°04′38″W / 33.57167°N 116.07722°W / 33.57167; -116.07722Coordinates: 33°34′18″N 116°04′38″W / 33.57167°N 116.07722°W / 33.57167; -116.07722
Country  United States
State  California
County Riverside
Area[1]
 • Total 6.959 sq mi (18.023 km2)
 • Land 6.959 sq mi (18.023 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation -180 ft (-55 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,577
 • Density 1,200/sq mi (480/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 92254
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-46660
GNIS feature ID 1652751

Mecca is an unincorporated community located in Riverside County, California, United States. The desert community lies on the North shore of the Eastern Coachella Valley's Salton Sea and is surrounded by agricultural land.

Geography and climate[edit]

Situated within the Colorado Desert, Mecca's climate is that of an arid desert, which experiences an average 90 degree temperature. Low temperatures can reach into the 20s. The community sits at less than 150 feet below sea level on the edge of the Salton Sea, formerly the Salton Sink.

Land developers intending to irrigate the desert with water from the Colorado River did not foresee excess snow melt and for two years from 1905-1906 accidentally re-routed the entirety of the river to the Salton Sink, flooding the salt mines that had been a source of salt for perhaps centuries and giving rise to the Salton Sea. Groundwater and water transported via the Coachella Canal have transformed the desert environment into large swaths of agricultural land.

Climate data for Mecca, CA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 93
(34)
100
(38)
107
(42)
110
(43)
119
(48)
126
(52)
125
(52)
123
(51)
126
(52)
117
(47)
100
(38)
95
(35)
126
(52)
Average high °F (°C) 72.1
(22.3)
76.0
(24.4)
82.7
(28.2)
89.5
(31.9)
97.4
(36.3)
104.5
(40.3)
108.7
(42.6)
107.9
(42.2)
103.4
(39.7)
92.9
(33.8)
79.5
(26.4)
70.7
(21.5)
90.5
(32.5)
Average low °F (°C) 40.1
(4.5)
43.4
(6.3)
49.3
(9.6)
54.8
(12.7)
62.6
(17)
68.5
(20.3)
75.2
(24)
75.4
(24.1)
68.9
(20.5)
57.9
(14.4)
45.7
(7.6)
38.5
(3.6)
56.8
(13.8)
Record low °F (°C) 13
(−11)
19
(−7)
23
(−5)
34
(1)
32
(0)
48
(9)
53
(12)
51
(11)
45
(7)
28
(−2)
24
(−4)
18
(−8)
13
(−11)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.55
(14)
0.60
(15.2)
0.34
(8.6)
0.09
(2.3)
0.02
(0.5)
0.00
(0)
0.14
(3.6)
0.20
(5.1)
0.21
(5.3)
0.28
(7.1)
0.30
(7.6)
0.42
(10.7)
3.15
(80)
Source: http://www1.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/data/normals/1981-2010/products/station/USC00045502.normals.txt [2]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[3] reported that Mecca had a population of 8,577. The population density was 1,232.5 people per square mile (475.9/km²). 98.7% of Mecca is Hispanic or Latino in origin.

There were 1,854 households, out of which 1,374 (74.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,185 (63.9%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 339 (18.3%) had a female householder with no husband present, 175 (9.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 142 (7.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 10 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. The average household consisted of 4.63 persons per household.

The population was spread out with 3,372 people (39.3%) under the age of 18, 1,141 people (13.3%) aged 18 to 24, 2,353 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 1,368 people (15.9%) aged 45 to 64, and 343 people (4.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.7 years. For every 100 females there were 111.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 110.8 males.

There were 2,020 housing units at an average density of 290.3 per square mile (112.1/km²), of which 815 (44.0%) were owner-occupied, and 1,039 (56.0%) were occupied by renters. 3,978 people (46.4% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 4,599 people (53.6%) lived in rental housing units.

The community's population fluctuates several times throughout the course of the year with up to an additional 5,000 seasonal farmworkers coming in to Mecca to serve the Valley's winter and summer harvesting seasons.

Landmarks[edit]

The focal point of the community is the Mecca Family and Farm Worker's Service Center. In 1999, California Rural Legal Assistance, Inc. filed 30 complaints of discrimination against Riverside County. The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development investigated the complaints and determined that Riverside County's housing policies and code enforcement activities demonstrated a pattern of discrimination against Latino renters and homeowners. The County agreed to construct the Farmworker Service Center as part of a multi-million dollar settlement agreement entered into to avoid further litigation. The Farmworker Service Center was inaugurated in 2005 and houses a health clinic, day care facility, offices for the Economic Development Department, and provides information and referrals to government services that can be accessed by the community's largely farmworker population.

Following the construction of the Farmworker Service Center, the County committed to other investments including the Mecca-North Shore Community Library and the Mecca Fire Station, both inaugurated in 2011.

Also in 2011, the Boys & Girls Club of Coachella Valley opened its biggest unit in California. Located next door to the Mecca Community Service Center, the Club presently serves approx. 350 children from Mecca and sourounding areas.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Mecca is located in the 40th Senate District, represented by Democrat Denise Moreno Ducheny, and in the 80th Assembly District, represented by Democrat Manuel Perez. Federally, Mecca is located in California's 45th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +3[4] and is represented by Democratic Representative Dr. Raul Ruiz.

In popular culture[edit]

Mecca was a featured location in Roger Corman's 1966 film The Wild Angels, starring Peter Fonda, Nancy Sinatra and Bruce Dern. This film inspired the outlaw biker film genre, and marks Peter Fonda's first appearance as a biker - three years prior to Easy Rider.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ NOAA. "1981-2010 MONTHLY NORMALS for Mecca, CA". NOAA. Retrieved 2011-07-19. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Mecca CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 

External links[edit]