Mecca Masjid bombing

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Mecca Masjid Bombing
Hyderabad is located in India
Hyderabad
Hyderabad
Hyderabad (India)
Location Hyderabad, India17°21′36″N 78°28′24″E / 17.360106°N 78.473427°E / 17.360106; 78.473427
Date 18 May 2007
13:15 IST ((UTC+5.30))
Target Mecca Masjid
Attack type
RDX activated by cellphone
Deaths 16[1]
Non-fatal injuries
100
Suspected perpetrators
Abhinav Bharat, Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami

The Mecca Masjid bombing occurred on May 18, 2007 inside the Mecca Masjid, (or "Makkah Masjid") a mosque located in the old city area of Hyderabad,[2] capital of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh located very close to Charminar. The blast was caused by a cellphone-triggered pipe bomb placed near the Wuzukhana, a spot where ablutions are performed. Two more live IEDs were found and defused by the police.[3][4] Sixteen people were reported dead in the immediate aftermath, of whom five were killed by the police firing after the incident while trying to quell the mob.[1]

In January 2013, Indian Home Minister Sushilkumar Shinde accused Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh and Bharatiya Janata Party for setting up camps to train Hindu Terrorism including planting bombs in 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings, Mecca Masjid bombing and 2006 Malegaon blasts.[5] Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh spokesperson Ram Madhav responded to this allegation by accusing Shinde of pandering to Islamist groups like Jamaat-ud-Dawah and Lashkar-e-Taiba.[6] In February 2013, after BJP threatened to boycott the parliament during the Budget session, Shinde apologised for his remarks and said that he had no intention to link terror to any religion and that there was no basis for suggesting that terror can be linked to organisations mentioned in his earlier speech.[7]

Overview[edit]

The bomb exploded around 1:15 pm in Mecca Masjid, a 400-year old mosque in Hyderabad.[3] The IED contained cyclotol, a 60:40 mixture of RDX and TNT,[8] filled in a 10-inch (250 mm) by 3-inch (76 mm) pipe.[9] The bomb was placed under a heavy marble platform, which took the force of the impact and saved many lives. Two more IEDs were found, one 100 meters away from the blast site and the other near the main gate. Both of them were defused 3 hours after the blast.[9]

The blast occurred near the open air section of the Mecca Masjid. At the time of the blast more than 10,000 people were inside the mosque premises, for the Friday prayers.[3] The injured were treated at the Osmania hospital in Hyderabad.[10]

Following this Mumbai and other parts of Maharashtra were put on alert. State Home Minister K Jana Reddy said the blast, which injured over fifty people in addition to the death toll, could be the act of foreign elements.

Rioting and Police firing[edit]

Five individuals died as a result of the police firing, which caused considerable controversy. The Telegraph reports:[11]

Six rounds were fired in the afternoon and evening to prevent shops and public property from being damaged, including petrol pumps and ATMs. One person was killed in the firing in the Moghapura area, while two fell to the police bullets elsewhere. Another lost his life when the police had to pull the trigger to control a mob trying to break into an ATM.
According to police commissioner Balwinder Singh, his men resorted to firing after water cannons, tear gas and baton-charge failed to bring the mob fury under control.

It is reported that[12] a frenzied mob attacked state-owned road transport corporation buses, forcing the closure of Falaknuma bus depot.

According to the police, the rioters were trying to set fire to a petrol pump.[13] Inspector P. Sudhakar of Falaknuma police station, who has been removed from his position on the charge of opening fire `indiscriminately' to control the rampaging mobs[14] stated:

"While I asked my subordinates to be on high alert, mobs from Shalibanda and the mosque came towards Moghalpura pelting stones. They set ablaze a wine shop and charged towards a petrol pump where we were stationed."
The mobs took out petrol from the dispenser and sprinkled it on the room. "When they tried to ignite it with the help of dry grass, I ordered my men to open fire with .303 rifles to disperse them," he says. "As the situation turned worse, I sought additional forces. Quick Reaction teams along with Moghalpura Inspector arrived and scattered the crowd by opening fire." At least 10 persons, including policemen, could have been killed if fire orders were not issued, he insists.

Suspected bombers[edit]

The National Investigation Agency[15] , Central Bureau of Investigation[16] and Anti Terrorist Squad (India)[17] claim former members of the RSS[17][18][19] were behind the Makkah Masjid bombing.[20]

On November 19, 2010, the Central Bureau of Investigation produced the preacher Swami Aseemanand before the court in connection with the Makkah Masjid blast in Hyderabad in May 2007. Other cases that he has been linked with include 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings, 2008 Malegoan & Modasa bombing and Ajmer Sharif Dargah blast.[21][22][23][24] On January 15, the confession of Swami Aseemanand was published by Tehelka and CNN-IBN implicating various members of Saffron terror outfits in other cases such as Ajmer Sharif Dargah blast, 2006 Malegaon blasts, 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings, 2008 Malegoan & Modasa bombing.[25] The confession was done in front of a magistrate citing the guilt he felt after seeing innocent Muslim boys arrested in the case by the police.[25] However in late March 2011, Aseemanand redacted his 'confession' alleging that he was coerced by the ATS to make a confession[26] In April, 2010, Aseemanand submitted a letter to the court which said: "I have been pressured mentally and physically by the investigating agencies to 'confess' that I was behind these blasts." He also said he was threatened and pressured to become a government witness in the case.[27]

A letter written by Aseemanand on December 20, 2010, two days after his confession to the CBI, was presented as evidence in January 2011 to show that the confession he gave was actually voluntary. The letter, which was never sent, was addressed to the presidents of India and Pakistan and explained why he had wanted to confess and tell the truth after seeing the innocent people that had been arrested and implicated with him.[28] After Aseemanand's alleged confession, the families of the 32 men arrested in the aftermath of the bombing have begun demanding the release of the youths from jail.[29] However, this confession was later found to be obtained under duress.[30] In late 2011, Aseemanand wrote a petition to President of India Pratibha Patil describing torture allegedly meted out to him during his confinement, prompting the Punjab and Haryana high courts to issue a notice to the National Investigation Agency to investigate the allegations of torture[15]

However, the South Asia Terrorism Portal,[31] the Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses,[32] the National Counterterrorism Center[33] the United States,[34] and the United Nations[35] reported that Harkat-ul-Jihad al-Islami was actually behind the attacks based on initial investigations. Noting this, security analyst Bahukutumbi Raman has questioned "the two different versions that have emerged from Indian and American investigators."[36] The CBI have also claimed that the United States National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC) does not seem to be up to date with the latest investigation, after the NCTC director cited HuJI as the perpetrators in a 2010 document to the United States Senate.[37] The South Asia Terrorism Portal cited Vikar Ahmed as a main suspect in the blast, and also noted that on December 3, 2008 Vikar Ahmed and an accomplice, Amjad were accused of firing at police officers attempting to arrest them in Hyderabad.[38] Vikar Ahmed also stands accused of murdering one police officer and injuring three others in an attack conducted on Friday, May 14, 2010[39]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Blast Friday throws up Bengal link". The Telegraph. 20 May 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bomb hits historic India mosque". BBC News. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c Ramu, Marri (19 May 2007). "10 killed, 50 injured in Hyderabad mosque blast". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  4. ^ "India: The Mecca Mosque Bombers' Poor Tradecraft". Stratfor. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  5. ^ "Shinde's Hindu terror remarks 'oxygen' to Pakistan-sponsored terrorism: BJP". The Times of India. PTI. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  6. ^ "LeT, Jamaat-ud-Dawah congratulated Shinde: RSS". Zee News. 21 January 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  7. ^ Joshi, Sandeep (21 February 2013). "Shinde apologises for ‘Hindu terror’ remark ahead of budget session". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Mecca bombs a cocktail of RDX, TNT". The Times of India. 2 July 2010. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Police say foreign terror groups involved in Andhra blast". Hindustan Times. IANS. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  10. ^ "TNT, RDX used in mosque blast". IBN Live. 19 May 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  11. ^ Radhakrishna, G.S. (May 19, 2007). "HAIR-TRIGGER HYDERABAD - A wound and a hunting ground". The Telegraph (Calcutta, India). 
  12. ^ Mob violence after Hyd blast, 4 killed : hyderabad, blast, Makkah masjid, char minar, police firing, mob violence : IBNLive.com : CNN-IBN
  13. ^ Decoding the Hyderabad blast
  14. ^ I've acted to avert a disaster: Inspector
  15. ^ a b HC notice to NIA on Aseemanand petition Times of India - November 29, 2011
  16. ^ "RSS leader likely to be quizzed again in Masjid blast case". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 27 December 2010. 
  17. ^ a b "ATS may grill Aseemanand before tackling Indresh". The Times Of India. December 27, 2010. 
  18. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/Mosque-blast-RSS-man-grilled/H1-Article1-641887.aspx
  19. ^ "RSS leader grilled for Hindu terror". The Times Of India. December 24, 2010. 
  20. ^ HuJI ban takes no note of 'Hindu terror' role Times of India - August 8, 2010
  21. ^ http://www.rediff.com/news/report/why-swami-aseemanand-is-a-prize-catch-for-the-cbi/20101119.htm
  22. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/-Swami-Aseemanand-sheltered-Best-Bakery-accused-on-the-run-/713969
  23. ^ "Aseemanand arrest: Major boost to Ajmer dargah blast probe". The Times Of India. November 19, 2010. 
  24. ^ http://www.indianexpress.com/news/Swami-aseemanand-sheltered-be.../713969/
  25. ^ a b [1]
  26. ^ Aseemanand takes back all he said, was ‘coerced’ Indian Express - March 31, 2011
  27. ^ Swami Aseemanand takes back confession, says he was "coerced" MSN News - March 31, 2010
  28. ^ Aseemanand's confession before CBI voluntary IBNLive - January 8, 2011
  29. ^ Aseemanand's confession: Focus shifts to jailed Muslim youths India Today - January 10, 2011
  30. ^ Coerced confession Indian Express - December 8, 2011
  31. ^ Harkat-ul-Jihad-al-Islami (HuJI) - South Asia Terrorism Portal
  32. ^ HuJI after the Death of its India Chief Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses - February 13, 2008
  33. ^ ‘Huji, not Hindu group, behind Makkah Masjid blast’ Hindustan Times - September 23, 2010
  34. ^ US, UN declare HuJI as terrorist organisation Times of India - August 8, 2010
  35. ^ US, UN declare HuJI a terror group NDTV - August 7, 2010
  36. ^ Bahukutumbi Raman (7 August 2010). "Arrest of Some Hindus as Terrorists- Getting Curiouser & Curiouser". South Asia Analysis Group. Retrieved 9 August 2010. 
  37. ^ ‘Huji, not Hindu group, behind Mecca Masjid blast’ Hindustan Times - September 23, 2010
  38. ^ Islamist extremism related incidents in Andhra Pradesh since 2007 South Asia Terrorism Portal
  39. ^ 'Terror attack' kills policeman in Hyderabad Daily Star - May 16, 2010

External links[edit]