Mechili

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Mechili
المخيلي
Village
Mechili3.jpg
Mechili is located in Libya
Mechili
Mechili
Location in Libya
Coordinates: 32°09′22″N 22°17′03″E / 32.15611°N 22.28417°E / 32.15611; 22.28417
Country  Libya
District Derna
Time zone UTC + 2

Mechili (Arabic: المخيلي‎) is a small village in Cyrenaica, Libya and the site of a former Turkish fort.[1] It’s nearly 274 km (170 mi) east of Benghazi, and 80 km (50 mi) west of Timimi.

Geography[edit]

Because of its location in the desert, Mechili suffered in the past from isolation. However, its isolation ended after paving the Charruba-Timimi desert road between the years 1975-1985, and this road became the preferred route for travel between Tobruk to Benghazi.

World War II[edit]

  • In January 1941, the British force named “Western Desert Force” under command of General Richard O’Connor (after taking Tobruk on 22 January) executed a daring outflanking movement and took Mechili from Italian forces on 27 January.
  • On 7 April the same year, German Lieutenant General Erwin Rommel’s forces occupied Mechili as a part of his first offensive through Cyrenaica with the goal of encircling the British forces, and this helped in capturing O’Connor near Derna the same month.
  • On 18 December 1941, British forces re-took Mechili as a part of Operation Crusader.
  • In early February 1942, Rommel’s forces again took Mechili as a part of his second offensive through Cyrenaica.
  • In November 1942, the British forces occupied Mechili for the last time.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Rommel's North Africa Campaign: September 1940-november 1942, Jack Greene, Alessandro Massignani, Da Capo Press, 1999

References[edit]

  • Kenneth Macksey, "Beda Fomm : The Classic Victory",Ballantine Books, New York, 1971.
  • Peter Young(ed.), "The History of World War II", vols. no.4 & 8, Orbis Publication,1984.
  • Derek Jewell (ed.), “Alamein and the Desert War”, Times Newspapers, Sphere Books, 1967.

Coordinates: 32°10′N 22°17′E / 32.167°N 22.283°E / 32.167; 22.283