Medal of Valor (Israel)

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עיטור הגבורה
MedalofValor.jpg
Medal of Valor
Awarded by Israel Defense Forces
Type Military decoration
Eligibility Soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces
Awarded for "Performing an supreme act of valor while facing the enemy and risking one's life"
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
Established 1970
Last awarded 1975
Distinct
recipients
40
Precedence
Next (lower) Medal of Courage
Medal of Valor.svg

The Medal of Valor (Hebrew: עיטור הגבורה‎, Itur HaGvura) is the highest Israeli military decoration.

The medal was established in 1970 by the Knesset in an act of law as a replacement for the Hero of Israel military decoration that was awarded during the War of Independence. Awards of the medal were also made for actions prior to 1970, and all recipients of the Hero of Israel automatically received the Medal of Valor as well.

Recipients of the medal receive several privileges such as tax reduction and invitations to official state ceremonies. Soldiers awarded the Medal of Valor may also be granted the right to be buried in the Helkat Gedolei Ha'Uma cemetery on Mount Herzl.

To this day, 40 medals have been awarded: 12 for actions in the War of Independence (Hero of Israel recipients automatically awarded the Medal of Valor), four for the Sinai War, 12 for the Six-Day War, one for the War of Attrition, eight for the Yom Kippur War and three others awarded on other occasions.

Design[edit]

The medal was designed by Dan Reisinger in the shape of a Star of David. A sword and olive branch decorate the left side, while the reverse is plain. The medal is attached to a yellow ribbon, a reference to the yellow star that Jews were forced to wear during the Holocaust. Two time recipients of the medal attach a small medal-shaped clasp to the ribbon.

The medal is minted by the Israel Government Coins and Medals Corporation. It is made of 25 gram silver/935 and the clasp is chrome plated.

Recipients[edit]

References[edit]

  • John D. Clarke, Gallantry Medals & Awards of the World, pp. 108