Medelpad

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Medelpad
Coat of arms of Medelpad
Coat of arms
Sverigekarta-Landskap Medelpad.svg
Country Sweden
Land Norrland
Counties Västernorrland County
Area
 • Total 7,058 km2 (2,725 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 123,397
 • Density 17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Ethnicity
 • Language Swedish (North Swedish)
Culture
 • Flower Spruce
 • Animal Mountain Hare
 • Bird Small crossbill
 • Fish Perch
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Medelpad (About this sound Listen ) is a historical province or landskap in the north of Sweden. It borders Hälsingland, Härjedalen, Jämtland, Ångermanland and the Gulf of Bothnia.

The province is a part of Norrland and as such considered to be Northern Sweden, although the province geographically is located in the middle of Sweden. It is a common misconception that name "Medelpad" ("middle land" or "middle ground") reflects this, but the name actually refers to the fact that most of the province lies between its two rivers Ljungan and Indalsälven.

Administration[edit]

The traditional provinces of Sweden serve no administrative or political purposes, but are historical and cultural entities. In the case of Medelpad the province roughly comprises the southern part of the administrative county, län, Västernorrland County.

Heraldry[edit]

The arms of Medelpad symbolises the land between the two rivers Ljungan and Indalsälven. As with other Swedish provinces the arms can be represented showing a dukal coronet. Blazon: "Four times parted per fess wavy, Azure, Argent, Gules, Argent and Azure."

Geography[edit]

The province is situated at an average altitude of 200-300 meters above sea level. The highest mountains are no more than 500 meters high -- the tallest is Myckelmyrberget with 577 meters. Of the total area, circa 500 km² is water. The largest lake is Holmsjön, located at 200 meters elevation, followed by Leringen, at a similar elevation.

There are also two major rivers that surround the province: Ljungan and Indalsälven.

History[edit]

The only town with the historical city status in Sweden was Sundsvall, which was granted the privilege in 1624. Sundsvall is still the largest city of the province, with about 50,000 inhabitants. In total, the population of Medelpad is circa 120,000.

Districts[edit]

Notability[edit]

The coast line on the Gulf of Bothnia, called the "High Coast", has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The land still rises at the rate of about one centimetre per year, called post-glacial rebound process. This is an effect of the last ice age that, in this area, ended in the 7th millennium BC.

Culture[edit]

The Mountain Hare is the provincial animal, but the Skvader, a fictional animal, was popular in the 1987 unofficial referendum to select the provincial animal.[citation needed]

Sports[edit]

Football in the province is administered by Medelpads Fotbollförbund and includes clubs such as Ljustorps IF.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistics Sweden

External links[edit]

  • Mid Sweden - Official tourist site for Medelpad & Ångermanland

Coordinates: 62°36′00″N 16°15′00″E / 62.600°N 16.250°E / 62.600; 16.250