Medford, New Jersey
|Medford, New Jersey|
|Township of Medford|
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Incorporated||March 1, 1847|
|• Type||Faulkner Act (Council-Manager)|
|• Mayor||Frank Czekay (term ends December 31, 2013)|
|• Manager||Christopher J. Schultz|
|• Clerk||Katherine Burger|
|• Total||39.929 sq mi (103.416 km2)|
|• Land||38.921 sq mi (100.804 km2)|
|• Water||1.008 sq mi (2.611 km2) 2.52%|
|Area rank||57th of 566 in state
8th of 40 in county
|Elevation||52 ft (16 m)|
|Population (2010 Census)|
|• Estimate (2012)||23,227|
|• Rank||108th of 566 in state
5th of 40 in county
|• Density||591.8/sq mi (228.5/km2)|
|• Density rank||429th of 566 in state
27th of 40 in county
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)|
|Area code||609 exchanges: 654, 714, 953|
|GNIS feature ID||0882083|
Medford is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 23,033, reflecting an increase of 780 (+3.5%) from the 22,253 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 1,727 (+8.4%) from the 20,526 counted in the 1990 Census.
Medford was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 1, 1847, from portions of Evesham Township, based on the results of a referendum held that day. Portions of the township were taken to form Shamong Township (February 19, 1852), Lumberton Township (March 14, 1860) and Medford Lakes (May 17, 1939).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 39.929 square miles (103.416 km2), of which, 38.921 square miles (100.804 km2) of it was land and 1.008 square miles (2.611 km2) of it (2.52%) was water.
Medford Lakes is an independent municipality encircled within the boundaries of Medford Township.
The township is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve. Part of the township is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.
|Population sources: 1850-2000
1850 1870 1880-1890
1930-1990 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,033 people, 8,277 households, and 6,456 families residing in the township. The population density was 591.8 inhabitants per square mile (228.5 /km2). There were 8,652 housing units at an average density of 222.3 per square mile (85.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 94.33% (21,726) White, 1.53% (353) Black or African American, 0.16% (36) Native American, 2.03% (467) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 0.56% (130) from other races, and 1.37% (315) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% (600) of the population.
There were 8,277 households of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.3% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.0% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the township, 26.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 20.6% from 25 to 44, 33.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.6 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.3 males.
The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $107,883 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,728) and the median family income was $122,986 (+/- $5,037). Males had a median income of $82,169 (+/- $6,188) versus $58,324 (+/- $5,381) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $45,926 (+/- $2,571). About 0.8% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 1.5% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 22,253 people, 7,946 households, and 6,285 families residing in the township. The population density was 566.0 people per square mile (218.5/km²). There were 8,147 housing units at an average density of 207.2 per square mile (80.0/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 96.74% White, 0.76% African American, 0.12% Native American, 1.47% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.13% of the population.
There were 7,946 households out of which 38.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 17.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.16.
In the township the age distribution of the population shows 26.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.
The median income for a household in the township was $83,059, and the median income for a family was $97,135. Males had a median income of $69,786 versus $37,012 for females. The per capita income for the township was $38,641. About 0.9% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.1% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.
Medford Township operates within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Council-Manager (Plan E) form of municipal government, implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1980. The Township is governed by a five-member Council, elected at-large in partisan elections to four-year terms of office on a staggered basis as part of the November general election. At a reorganization meeting held in January ater each election, the Council selects a Mayor and a Deputy Mayor from among its members.
As of 2013[update], members of the Medford Township Council are Mayor Frank Czekay (R, term ends December 31, 2015), Deputy Mayor Chris Buoni (R, 2015), Jeff Beenstock (R, 2016), James Pace (R, 2013) and Chuck Watson (R, 2016).
Victoria Fay was removed from her council seat in April 2011 after the other members of the council determined that she was a resident of Evesham Township in violation of a state law requiring elected officials to be residents of the municipality, having moved there in November 2010 during her pending divorce. She was replaced in April by Dominic Grosso, a former township mayor.
Jeff Beenstock was appointed in December 2011 to fill the vacancy of Dave Brown who resigned in November. James "Randy" Pace was elected in November 2013 to fill the remaining two years on council seat vacated by Joseph Lynn; Mark Sander had filled Lynn's vacant seat on an interim basis, but declined to run for election for the balance of the term.
Federal, state and county representation
New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg) and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).
The 8th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Scott Rudder (R, Medford). The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township). The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).
Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. The board choose a director and deputy director from among its seven members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January. As of 2013[update], Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2013; Cinnaminson Township), Deputy Director Leah Arter (R, 2014; Moorestown Township), Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township), Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township) and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township).
The Medford Township Public Schools is a public school district that serves students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade, with five elementary schools serving students in preschool through fifth grade, a single school serving sixth graders and another school serving seventh and eighth graders. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics) are five elementary schools — Milton H. Allen School (384 students; grades K-5), Chairville Elementary School (482; PreK-5), Cranberry Pines School (378; K-5), Kirby's Mill Elementary School (358; PreK-5) and Taunton Forge School (338; K-5) — Haines 6th Grade Center for 6th grade (374) and Medford Memorial Middle School for 7th and 8th grades (722).
High school students attend Shawnee High School, located in Medford Township, which serves students in ninth through twelfth grade from both Medford and Medford Lakes. The school is part of the Lenape Regional High School District, which also serves students from Evesham Township, Medford Lakes, Mount Laurel Township, Shamong Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township.
Burlington County Institute of Technology is a countywide public high school offering training to students throughout Burlington County, with campuses in Medford and Westampton Township. As of the 2010-11 school year, enrollment at the Medford campus was 805 students.
Established in 1954, St. Mary of the Lakes School is a Catholic school that serves students in Pre-K through eighth grade, operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Trenton.
The area known as Medford was sold to Samual Coles in 1670, in all it consisted of 900 acres (3.6 km²). Within the next few years the Braddock, Prickett, Stratton, Branin, and Wilkins families moved to the area (many of whom continue to live in the area today). Upper Evesham, as it was then known, continued to grow from scattered homesteads into a small village. Many of the building and roads built between the sale of the land and the American Revolutionary War are still in existence, which include Oliphant's Mill, Christopher's Mill and the Shamong Trail (now known as Stokes Road).
In 1820, when the Post Office opened, the area was officially called Medford of Upper Evesham, using a name that had been pushed by Mark Reeve, a developer who had recently visited Medford, Massachusetts. On March 1, 1847, Medford Township was "set apart from" Evesham Township by Act of the New Jersey Legislature. The first township meeting was held at the Cross Roads (County Route 541 and Church Road) on March 9, 1847. The seat of township government remained there for several years. Part of Medford Township was taken on February 19, 1852, to form Shamong Township, on March 14, 1860, portions were taken to form Lumberton Township. The borders remained unchanged until May 17, 1939, when Medford Lakes was formed.
A thriving glass making industry developed in Medford as early as 1825 with a glass making furnace making window panes. By 1850, William Porter was operating a glass factory on a triangle of property formed by South Main Street, Mill Street, and Trimble Street. Glass making operating continued on the property throughout the 1880s under company names including Medford Glass Works and Star Glass, which at its peak employed about 250 workers and built up a "company town" of sorts with houses for owners and managers and housing for workers. A company store enabled workers to exchange scrip for food and necessities. Glassmaking operations ended around 1925 and the factory was torn down by the mid-1940s. Today, many of the nearly thirty workers homes are neatly kept homes on Trimble and Mill Streets, as well as the owners' / managers' residence at 126 South Main St. and the company store at 132 South Main St.
Medford's location along the Camden and Atlantic Railroad, increased trade and Medford expanded at a rapid rate in the years after the Civil War. By the 1920s the rail line had been dismantled and the mill industry was in decline, but Medford's proximity to Philadelphia and Camden County allowed the township's growth to continue as many families moved from the city and into a more rural area.
The township had a total of 179.25 miles (288.47 km) of roadways, of which 153.27 miles (246.66 km) are maintained by the municipality, 21.85 miles (35.16 km) by Burlington County and 4.13 miles (6.65 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
New Jersey Transit used to provide bus service to and from Philadelphia on the 406 bus route which ended in Evesham Township but has been discontinued. Greyhound Lines provides nationwide service from nearby Mount Laurel.
Points of interest
- Kirby's Mill is a grist mill (flour mill) that has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.
- JCC Camps at Medford near Medford Lakes is the largest Jewish day camp in North America, operating since 1942. Part of the Jewish Federation of Southern New Jersey, the camp is accredited by the American Camp Association. It accepts children as young as four years old, and campers come from all over the tri-county area (Camden, Burlington, and Gloucester counties). Teenagers age 14 or older can join the Counselor-in-Training program to become counselors, lifeguards, or specialists. The camp offers a kosher lunch. The camp is surrounded by the many lakes of Medford, located within the New Jersey Pine Barrens. Lake Atsion, near U.S. Route 206, is near the camp. The campsite has a 4-acre (16,000 m2) lake for boating and fishing, as well as four in-ground pools for swimming. There are four playgrounds, a petting zoo and several athletic fields, including tennis and hockey courts, and a ropes course.
- Camp Ockanickon is a YMCA Summer Camp and Conference Center (est. 1906).
- Medford Canoe Trail is a recently cleared canoe trail connecting Medford Park to Kirby's Mill.
- Historic Medford Village offer shopping, historic homes and an old-fashioned atmosphere, servingas the site of Medford's traditional Dickens Festival.
- Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge is a 170-acre nature preserve and wildlife rehabilitation center located on the southern border of Medford and is open to the public.
- Freedom Park is a public park with extensive playground equipment, basketball and volleyball courts, bike paths, large pavilions, and large multipurpose fields including a dog run.
People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Medford include:
- David Akers (born 1974), placekicker for the San Francisco 49ers.
- Martha W. Bark, former member of the New Jersey Senate and General Assembly, who served as Mayor of Medford in 1981 and 1985.
- James Coulter, (born 1959), investment manager, and co-founder of private equity firm TPG Capital, currently the world's largest private equity firm.
- Harry Ekman (1923-1999), graphic artist best known for his for his pin-up and advertising work, sepcifically with Gil Elvgren.
- Calista Flockhart, (born 1964), actress best known for her title role as Ally McBeal.
- Jamie Franks (born 1986), professional soccer player.
- Ryan Heins (born 1985), retired soccer defender and midfielder.
- James Hunter III (1916–1989), judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit.
- Charlie and Richie Ingui, the brothers who founded and still sing with the R&B group The Soul Survivors.
- Kelli James (born 1970), former field hockey striker who earned a total number of 144 caps for the United States women's national field hockey team.
- Ron Jaworski (born 1951), former NFL quarterback and current analyst on ESPN.
- Stephen King (born 1986), soccer player for the D.C. United.
- Jason Knapp, sportscaster for the CBS Sports Network.
- Carl Lewis (born 1961), athlete and winner of nine Olympic gold medals.
- Ryan Maki (born 1985), hockey right winger.
- Kenneth G. Miller (born 1956), geologist at Rutgers University who has written and lectured on global warming and sea level change.
- Chris Myers (born 1965), former mayor of Meford who resigned from the Township Council in December 2011.
- Rebecca Quick, (born 1972), television journalist/newscaster and co-anchorwoman of CNBC's financial news show Squawk Box.
- Scott Rudder (born 1969), represents the 8th legislative district in the New Jersey General Assembly and previously served as Mayor of Medford.
- Dee Dee Sharp (born 1945), R & B singer whose hits included Billboard #2 "Mashed Potato Time".
- Don Snow (born 1957), musician best known for his work with the band Squeeze.
- Drew Van Acker (born 1986), actor who has appeared in the Pretty Little Liars TV series.
- Mitch Williams (born 1964), former relief pitcher who earned 192 saves in his 11 MLB seasons.
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- Simpson, Rachel. "Victoria Fay voted off Medford council... again", The Central record, March 23, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "In the matter of Victoria Fay’s position on Medford Township council, the verdict is — she’s out — at least for now. In a unanimous decision, the four remaining council members declared their decision to vacate Fay’s seat during a regularly scheduled meeting on Monday night (March 21).... Fay brought the matter to court upon being faced with accusations that she was domiciled in Evesham Township, therefore violating a residency requirement for elected officials who must live in the town they serve."
- Coppock, Kristen. "Former mayor replaces Fay", Burlington County Times, April 19, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Former Mayor Dominic Grosso was appointed to the Township Council Monday night, replacing ousted elected official Victoria Fay."
- Coppock, Kristen. "Council newcomer replaces Brown in Medford", Burlington County Times, December 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Republican Jeff Beenstock was appointed and sworn onto the Township Council late Monday.... Beenstock replaces former Councilman Dave Brown, who resigned last month, citing work obligations."
- Hefler, Jan. "Medford Mayor Chris Myers resigns amid sex scandal", The Philadelphia Inquirer, December 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Medford Mayor Chris Myers, plagued by allegations of a sex scandal involving a male escort, cited 'work commitments' when he resigned Monday."
- Caulfield, Shannon. "Medford: A year in review January-June", South Jersey Sun News, December 26, 2012. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Councilman Chuck Watson was appointed to the council as replacement for former Mayor Chris Myers, who resigned December 2011."
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- Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
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- Staff. "SOUTH JERSEY NEWS IN BRIEF: DRIVER IN CRITICAL CONDITION AFTER CAR HITS PHONE POLE", The Philadelphia Inquirer, April 18, 1995. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Harry Ekman, 71, of Medford, was critically injured yesterday when his car failed to negotiate a curve on County Route 541 in Burlington County and slammed into a telephone pole."
- Gaul, Lou. "OUTLOOK/CALISTA FLOCKHART: Indiana Jones is getting new leading lady", Burlington County Times, June 19, 2005. Accessed April 1, 2008. "Calista Flockhart, who grew up in Medford and graduated from Shawnee High School in 1983, will reportedly join Ford in the next "Indy" adventure being produced by George Lucas and directed by Steven Spielberg."
- Mazda, Jason. "Former Barons player Jeremiah White recalls long journey from South Jersey Barons to European pro soccer", The Press of Atlantic City, July 13, 2009. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Coach Neil Holloway said alumni such as White and Jamie Franks, a Medford native playing for Chivas USA of the MLS, are major reasons why top players join the Barons now."
- DiVeronica, Jeff. "Rochester Rhinos kick off season with new coach, new lineup", Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, April 10, 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Heins and Franks even grew up five miles apart in Medford, NJ, and played together in high school."
- Staff. "James Hunter 3d, 72, Federal Appeals Judge", The New York Times, February 15, 1989. Accessed March 1, 2011. "James Hunter 3d, a judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit since 1971, died of heart failure Friday at Burlington County Memorial Hospital in Mount Holly, N.J. He was 72 years old and lived in Medford, N.J."
- Logan, Joe. "Still Surviving Fame Was Fleeting For Charlie And Richie Ingui, Who Hit It Big In 1967 With "Expressway To Your Heart." But The South Jersey Brothers Known As The Soul Survivors Are Driving For A Comeback.", The Philadelphia Inquirer, January 2, 1991. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Now residents of Medford, Richie, 43, a house painter with a wife and two children, and Charlie, 47, an occasional landscaper, would love to return to the music business full time."
- Vecsey, George. "OLYMPICS;For U.S. Women, Winning Is Hot Issue in Field Hockey", July 17, 1996. Accessed June 21, 2012. "They water the field", said Kelli James, an attacker from Medford, N.J."
- Yeager, Valeria. "Receipt: Ron Jaworski - Medford resident, former Eagle, current NFL analyst on ESPN", Philadelphia (magazine), February 26, 2010. Accessed January 18, 2011.
- "King Tabbed To Hermann Trophy Watch List; College Soccer News Preseason All-America Team", CSTV, August 13, 2007. Accessed April 9, 2008. "Senior midfielder Stephen King was named to the Missouri Athletic Club's Hermann Trophy Watch List on August 8 and was also placed on the College Soccer News 2007 Preseason All-America First Team. The Medford, N.J., product was a semifinalist for the Hermann Trophy last season, which is awarded to the nation's best collegiate soccer player."
- Bios, CBS Sports Network. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Jason Knapp is a play-by-play announcer for CBS Sports Network, calling the action for a variety of sports including basketball and lacrosse.... Originally from Medford, N.J., he now lives in Clarks Summit, Pa."
- Farrell, Joelle. "Lewis tossed off ballot — again", The Philadelphia Inquirer, August 16, 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012. "Although Lewis, 50, of Medford, won the Democratic nomination for state Senate in Burlington County's Eighth Legislative District last spring, Guadagno declined to certify him. She said that the Olympic track star, who voted as recently as 2009 in California elections, did not meet the state's four-year residency requirement to run."
- Nashville Signs Forward Ryan Maki, Our Sports Central, July 14, 2009. Accessed August 18, 2013. "Maki posted 25 points (12g-13a) in his second professional season with Milwaukee in 2008-09, scoring ten more goals (12) and racking up ten more assists (13) than as a rookie in 2007-08. The Medford, N.J., native led the 2008-09 Admirals in plus/minus rating (+14), and appeared in all 11 of the club's Calder Cup Playoff games."
- Ryan Maki, the Internet Hockey Database. Accessed April 9, 2008.
- Kenneth G. Miller, Rutgers University Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Accessed November 27, 2013. "A resident of Pennington, NJ, Ken grew up in Medford, NJ in the heart of the pine barrens and still owns a house in Waretown, NJ, the home of the sounds of the NJ pines, where he watches the inexorable rise in sea level from his deck 16 ft above Barnegat Bay."
- Cahillane, Kevin. "TELEVISION; Her Fans Are Devoted. Maybe a Little Too Devoted.", The New York Times, January 22, 2006. Accessed November 27, 2013 ."While BeckyQuick.com may be frivolous, Becky Quick is not. After a childhood chasing the oil boom around Indiana, Texas and Oklahoma with her mother, geologist father and three younger brothers, her family settled in Medford."
- Assemblyman Rudder's legislative web page, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 23, 2008.
- Rosin, James (2011). Philadelphia: City of Music.
- Staff. "For Dee Dee Sharp, a good life moves on", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 24, 2008. Accessed October 24, 2011. "Over the next 20 years, that spotlight would shine on a career that took her around the world and finally back to Medford, NJ, where she spends most of her time keeping house for her husband, attorney Bill Witherspoon."
- Biography, Jonn Savannah. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Jonn began working on the American Idol series in 2002, tuning the vocals for the contestants. In 2005 he relocated to Medford, New Jersey, where he set up Jonn Savannah Music, an umbrella organization for music writing, recording and education."
- Clark, Colleen Patrice. "On His Way", South Jersey Magazine, July 2012. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Once a standout soccer player, Medford’s Drew Van Acker is now a rising star of a different kind.... He dabbled in nearly every sport when he was young, from wrestling to basketball to lacrosse, but it was soccer that ended up taking him from Medford—where his family settled after moving around until he was 10—and landing him a scholarship and hard-earned spot as a forward on the Towson University team in Maryland."
- Narducci, Marc. "Phillies' Mitch Williams recalls fateful pitch", The Philadelphia Inquirer, February 5, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Even though Williams said he received death threats, which actually came following Game 4 when he took the loss in a 15-14 slugfest, he had nothing but positive words for the Philadelphia fans. Williams has remained in the area, living in Medford, N.J."
- Township of Medford
- Medford Township Public Schools
- Medford Township Public Schools's 2010–11 School Report Card from the New Jersey Department of Education
- Data for the Medford Township Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics
- Lenape Regional High School District
- Medford Celebrates Foundation
- Woodford Cedar Run Wildlife Refuge
- Medford NJ
- Pineland Players