Medford Lakes, New Jersey

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Medford Lakes, New Jersey
Borough
Borough of Medford Lakes
Motto: Medford Lakes-in-the-pines, the year round summer playground
Medford Lakes highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Medford Lakes highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Medford Lakes, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Medford Lakes, New Jersey
Coordinates: 39°51′13″N 74°48′42″W / 39.853649°N 74.811665°W / 39.853649; -74.811665Coordinates: 39°51′13″N 74°48′42″W / 39.853649°N 74.811665°W / 39.853649; -74.811665[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Burlington
Incorporated May 17, 1939
Government[5]
 • Type 1923 Municipal Manager Law
 • Mayor Robert J. Burton (term ends June 30, 2016)[3]
 • Clerk Mark J. McIntosh[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 1.293 sq mi (3.348 km2)
 • Land 1.162 sq mi (3.008 km2)
 • Water 0.131 sq mi (0.340 km2)  10.15%
Area rank 474th of 566 in state
35th of 40 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 62 ft (19 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,146
 • Estimate (2013)[10] 4,136
 • Rank 407th of 566 in state
30th of 40 in county[11]
 • Density 3,569.5/sq mi (1,378.2/km2)
 • Density rank 180th of 566 in state
8th of 40 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08055[12][13]
Area code 609 exchanges: 654, 714, 953[14]
FIPS code 3400545210[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0885295[17][2]
Website www.medfordlakes.com

Medford Lakes is a borough in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the borough's population was 4,146,[7][8][9] reflecting a decline of 27 (-0.6%) from the 4,173 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 289 (-6.5%) from the 4,462 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Medford Lakes was incorporated as a borough by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on May 17, 1939, from portions of Medford Township.[19]

The borough's 22 lakes and surrounding lake communities are within the boundaries of the New Jersey Pinelands Commission and are all overseen by the Medford Lakes Colony, a homeowner association that administers lake and other recreation facilities. More than 10% of the borough's homes are log cabins.[20]

Geography[edit]

Medford Lakes is located at 39°51′13″N 74°48′42″W / 39.853649°N 74.811665°W / 39.853649; -74.811665 (39.853649, −74.811665). According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough had a total area of 1.293 square miles (3.348 km2), of which, 1.162 square miles (3.008 km2) of it was land and 0.131 square miles (0.340 km2) of it (10.15%) was water.[1][2]

The borough is an independent municipality surrounded entirely by Medford Township.

The borough is one of 56 South Jersey municipalities that are included within the New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve, a protected natural area of unique ecology covering 1,100,000 acres (450,000 ha), that has been classified as a United States Biosphere Reserve and established by Congress in 1978 as the nation's first National Reserve.[21] All of the borough is included in the state-designated Pinelands Area, which includes portions of Burlington County, along with areas in Atlantic, Camden, Cape May, Cumberland, Gloucester and Ocean counties.[22]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1940 137
1950 461 236.5%
1960 2,876 523.9%
1970 4,792 66.6%
1980 4,958 3.5%
1990 4,462 −10.0%
2000 4,173 −6.5%
2010 4,146 −0.6%
Est. 2013 4,136 [10] −0.2%
Population sources:
1940–2000[23] 1940–1990[24]
2000[25][26] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,146 people, 1,483 households, and 1,186 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,569.5 per square mile (1,378.2/km2). There were 1,543 housing units at an average density of 1,328.4 per square mile (512.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.32% (4,035) White, 0.46% (19) Black or African American, 0.17% (7) Native American, 0.96% (40) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.39% (16) from other races, and 0.70% (29) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 1.69% (70) of the population.[7]

There were 1,483 households, of which 36.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.8% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.0% were non-families. 16.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.13.[7]

In the borough, 26.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 22.6% from 25 to 44, 30.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.3 years. For every 100 females there were 96.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.9 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006−2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,086 (with a margin of error of +/- $8,928) and the median family income was $105,563 (+/- $9,949). Males had a median income of $85,139 (+/- $26,197) versus $66,379 (+/- $13,826) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $48,789 (+/- $6,097). About 5.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 0.0% of those age 65 or over.[27]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 4,173 people, 1,527 households, and 1,238 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,463.1 people per square mile (1,342.7/km2). There were 1,555 housing units at an average density of 1,290.5 per square mile (500.3/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.32% White, 0.43% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.10% from other races, and 0.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.98% of the population.[25][26]

There were 1,527 households out of which 36.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 70.8% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.9% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.04.[25][26]

In the borough the age distribution of the population shows 25.6% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.[25][26]

The median income for a household in the borough was $77,536, and the median income for a family was $83,695. Males had a median income of $58,854 versus $36,831 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $31,382. About 1.1% of families and 2.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 2.9% of those age 65 or over.[25][26]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Medford Lakes, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 41
(5)
42
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
73
(23)
82
(28)
86
(30)
84
(29)
77
(25)
68
(20)
55
(13)
44
(7)
63.8
(17.8)
Average low °F (°C) 23
(−5)
23
(−5)
32
(0)
37
(3)
48
(9)
57
(14)
60
(16)
60
(16)
53
(12)
41
(5)
32
(0)
26
(−3)
41
(5.2)
Source: Weatherbase[28]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

The Borough of Medford Lakes is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government. The government consists of five members elected at-large in nonpartisan election to serve four-year terms on a staggered basis, with either two or three seats up for vote in even years as part of the May municipal election.[5] The borough council was expanded from three to five seats, with the two additional council seats added as part of the May 2010 election in which there were two seats up for a four-year term and two others for a two-year term.[29]

As of 2014, the Medford Lakes Borough Council consists of Mayor Robert J. Burton (whose term of office ends June 30, 2016), Deputy Mayor Jeff Fitzpatrick (2016), Thomas J. Cranston (2018), Robert D. Hanold, Sr. (2018) and Gary A. Miller (2016).[3][30][31][32][33]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Medford Lakes is located in the 3rd Congressional District[34] and is part of New Jersey's 8th state legislative district.[8][35][36]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[37] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[38][39] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[40][41]

For the 2004-15 Session, the 8th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Dawn Marie Addiego (R, Evesham Township) and in the General Assembly by Christopher J. Brown (R, Evesham Township) and Maria Rodriguez-Gregg (R, Evesham Township).[42] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[43] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[44]

Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[45] The board chooses a director and deputy director from among its members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January.[45] As of 2014, Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Bruce Garganio (R, 2014; Florence Township),[46] Deputy Director Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township)[47] Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township),[48] Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2016; Cinnaminson Township)[49] and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township).[50][45][51] Gargiano was named in March 2014 to serve the unexpired term of Leah Arter and was chosen to fill her position as Freeholder Director.[52]

Education[edit]

Students in Kindergarten through eighth grade are educated by the Medford Lakes Public Schools. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 535 students and 40.8 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.11:1.[53] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[54]) are Nokomis School[55] with 186 students in Pre-K to 2nd grade and Neeta School[56] with 349 students in grades 3-8.[57][58]

Public school students from Medford Lakes in ninth through twelfth grades attend Shawnee High School, located in Medford Township.[59][60] Shawnee is part of the Lenape Regional High School District, a regional high school district in Burlington County, New Jersey that serves the eight municipalities of Evesham Township, Medford Lakes, Medford Township, Mount Laurel Township, Shamong Township, Southampton Township, Tabernacle Township and Woodland Township.[61]

Students from Medford Lakes, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[62]

Transportation[edit]

The borough had a total of 27.42 miles (44.13 km) of roadways, of which 25.13 miles (40.44 km) are maintained by the municipality and 2.29 miles (3.69 km) by Burlington County.[63]

History[edit]

Charles Read's Aetna Furnace contributed to the Continental Army's efforts during the American Revolutionary War, using local bog iron to manufacture cannonballs.[64] A part of the industrial life of what is now Medford Lakes was the saw and grist mill erected by John Haines.

Medford Lakes was originally developed as a resort community in which all construction would be made of logs. Shiploads of cedar logs were imported and craftsmen fashioned them into palatial homes. Inside and out, the walls were of solid log. Some of the logs had their bark scraped off while other logs were used bark and all. As a porous wood, cedar is an excellent insulator so the cabins were cool in the summer and warm in the winter. The resort enjoyed an extended season because the big stone fireplaces could heat the rustic houses even in the chilliest weather. The Medford Lakes Development Company was formed in 1927, and in 1928 the Colony Club Pavilion was constructed on ground donated by the Development Company.[65]

St. Mary of the Lakes Catholic Church, a single-story log cabin structure built in 1931, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007.[66]

Medford Lakes was established as an independent municipality in 1939.[19]

The borough experienced heavy damage on July 12, 2004, during a day which saw 7.26 inches (184 mm) of rain fall over a 14-hour period. The heavy rain caused a series of dam breaks and breaches in the surrounding areas of Southern New Jersey, which have since been replaced. Quogue Dam, as well as both Lower and Upper Aetna Lake Dams failed, with high water levels on portions of Ballinger Run exceeeding 500-year flood elevations[67]

Since 1931 a Canoe Carnival has been held during the first week of every August on Lower Aetna Lake. Elaborate floats, built with a maximum of two canoes, are paddled by crowds gathered along the lake. A winner is then named, along with a king, queen, and court.[68]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Medford Lakes include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ a b Borough Council, Borough of Medford Lakes. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  4. ^ Office of the Borough Clerk, Borough of Medford Lakes. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 43.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Borough of Medford Lakes, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Medford Lakes borough, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 5. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Medford Lakes borough, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 15, 2013.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP code for Medford Lakes, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  13. ^ ZIP codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Medford Lakes, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 97. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  20. ^ Borough Facts, Borough of Medford Lakes. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  21. ^ The Pinelands National Reserve, New Jersey Pinelands Commission. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  22. ^ Pinelands Municipalities, New Jersey Pinelands Commission, April 2003. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  23. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Burlington County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  24. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  25. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Medford Lakes borough, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  26. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Medford Lakes borough, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  27. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006–2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Medford Lakes borough, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  28. ^ Medford Lakes, New Jersey, Weatherbase. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  29. ^ Tait, III, Adam. "Mayor ousted in Medford Lakes election", Medford Central Record, May 14, 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Thomas Cranston and Gary Miller led all candidates Tuesday in an election expanding Medford Lakes Council from three seats to five. At the same time, Mayor Paul Weiss, badly battered last year by a disputed proposal to merge the borough’s police force with Medford’s, placed third in a four-candidate race, and will leave council when his term expires June 30."
  30. ^ 2013 Municipal Data Sheet, Borough of Medford Lakes. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  31. ^ May 8, 2012 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, May 18, 2012. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  32. ^ May 11, 2010 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, May 17, 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  33. ^ Staff. "Incumbents win Medford Lakes, Pine Valley elections", Courier-Post, May 14, 2014. Accessed August 7, 2014. "Council incumbents Robert D. Hanold and Thomas J. Cranston won re-election Tuesday in Medford Lakes.... Hanold and Cranston will each serve a new four-year term."
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  35. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 61, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  36. ^ Districts by Number for 2011–2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  38. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  39. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013.
  40. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  41. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 23, 2014.
  43. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  44. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  45. ^ a b c Staff. Board of Chosen Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  46. ^ Bruce Garganio, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  47. ^ Joseph Howarth, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  48. ^ Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  49. ^ Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  50. ^ Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  51. ^ 2014 County Data Sheet, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed July 27, 2014.
  52. ^ Hefler, Jan. "Garganio again to head Burlco Freeholder Board", The Philadelphia Inquirer, March 29, 2014. Accessed July 27, 2014. "The new director of the Burlington County Freeholder Board is Bruce Garganio, a Republican who led the five-member board for three years before he was defeated in his bid for reelection in November 2011.... Two weeks ago, the county Republican Committee tapped Garganio to fill the one-year vacancy that was created after Leah Arter resigned as freeholder director."
  53. ^ District information for Medford Lakes School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  54. ^ School Data for the Medford Lakes Public Schools, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  55. ^ Nokomis School, Medford Lakes Public Schools. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  56. ^ Neeta School, Medford Lakes Public Schools. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  57. ^ Our Schools, Medford Lakes Public Schools. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  58. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Medford Lakes Public Schools, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed July 28, 2013.
  59. ^ Shawnee High School 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 7, 2014. "Attendance Area: Medford Township and Medford Lakes Borough"
  60. ^ High School Sending Districts, Burlington County Library System, backed up by the Internet Archive as of September 27, 2006. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  61. ^ Lenape Regional High School District 2013 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 7, 2014. "The Lenape Regional High School District serves the eight municipalities of Evesham, Medford, Mount Laurel, Shamong, Southampton, Tabernacle and Woodland Townships and Medford Lakes Borough."
  62. ^ Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  63. ^ Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  64. ^ Southern Loop Tour Page 1, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 18, 2013.
  65. ^ The Cabins of Medford Lakes, SouthJersey.com. Accessed August 7, 2014.
  66. ^ St. Mary of the Lakes Catholic Church - Registration Form, National Register of Historic Places, received March 15, 2007. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  67. ^ Protz, Amy R.; and Reed, Timothy J. "FLOOD OF JULY 12-13, 2004, BURLINGTON AND CAMDEN COUNTIES, SOUTH-CENTRAL NEW JERSEY", United States Geographical Survey. Accessed June 21, 2012.
  68. ^ Sachdev, Alexis. "83rd Annual Canoe Carnival Kicks Off in Medford Lakes", Burlington County Times, August 1, 2014. Accessed August 7, 2014. "For the 83rd year, the Colony Club will host its annual, highly anticipated Canoe Carnival and Festival of Lights."
  69. ^ Kackenmeister, Craig. "Six degrees of Dan Earl: Six years and several injuries later, Earl is still at the point", The Daily Collegian (Penn State), January 28, 1999. Accessed June 14, 2007. "Something that caught Parkhill's eye while he pursued the young guard out of Medford Lakes, N.J., were Earl's personal qualities.... Earl graduated from Shawnee High School, where he helped lead the team to a 59-3 record his junior and senior years."
  70. ^ Staff. "Villanova will retire Westbrook's jersey Saturday", The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 19, 2005. Accessed November 27, 2013. "Former Temple head football coach George Makris, 85, died Sunday at his home in Medford Lakes, Burlington County. Mr. Makris coached the Owls from 1960 to 1969, posting a 45-44-4 overall record."
  71. ^ Gregg Rakoczy, database Football. Accessed April 9, 2008.
  72. ^ Liz Tchou Receives Honor, Rutgers University press release dated October 15, 2007. Accessed April 9, 2008.

External links[edit]