Media in Bihar

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Media in Bihar started with Biharbandhu, which was the first Hindi newspaper published from Bihar. It was started in 1872 by Keshav Ram Bhatta, a Maharashtrian Brahman settled in Biharsharif.[1] Hindi journalism in Bihar, and specially Patna, could make little headway initially. It was mainly due to lack of respect for Hindi among the people at large. Many Hindi journals took birth and after a lapse of time vanished. Many journals were shelved even in the embryo.[2] But once Hindi enlisted the official support, it started making a dent into the remote areas in Bihar. Hindi journalism also acquired wisdom and maturity and its longevity was prolonged. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880.[1][3]

The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a number of notable new publications. A monthly magazine named Bharat Ratna was started from Patna in 1901. It was followed by Kshtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Patna, Udyoga and Chaitanya Chandrika.[4] Udyog was edited by Vijyaanand Tripathy, a famous poet of the time and Chaitanya Chandrika by Krishna Chaitanya Goswami, a literary figures of that time. This literary activities were not confined to Patna alone but to many districts of Bihar.[1][5]

Magahi Parishad, established in Patna in 1952, pioneered Magadhi journalism in Bihar. It started the monthly journal, Magadhi, which was later renamed Bihan.

Print media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

Main article: Newspapers in Bihar

Dainik Jagran, Prathyush Nav Bihar, Navbharat Times, Aaj, Hindustan Dainik and Prabhat Khabar,dainik nayamarg

are some of the popular Hindi news papers of Bihar.  National English dailies like The Times of India, Hindustan Times and The Economic Times have reads in the urban regions.

E-papers[edit]

E-papers, Nirmali News| True of the World www.nirmalinews.in Bihar Times and Patna Daily have become very popular among the educated Biharis, specially the non-resident Biharis.

Electronic media[edit]

Television[edit]

Main article: Television in Bihar

Several national and International Television channels are popular in Bihar. DD Bihar, Sahara Bihar and ETV Bihar are the television channels dedicated to Bihar. Recently couple of dedicated Bhojpuri channel, Mahuaa TV[6][7] and Purva TV[8] has been launched.

kashish news city Channel Samastipur

Radio[edit]

Main article: Radio in Bihar

Cinema[edit]

Main article: Cinema of Bihar

Bihar has a robust cinema industry for the Bhojpuri language. There is also a small Maithili and Angika film industry. First Bhojpuri film was Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo. "Lagi nahin chute ram" was the alltime superhit Bhojpuri film which was released against "Mugle Azam" but was a superhit in all the eastern and northern sector. Nadiya Ke Paar is among the most famous Bhojpuri movies. Bhojpuri's history begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar.[12] Throughout the following decades, films were produced only in fits and starts. Films such as Bidesiya ("Foreigner," 1963, directed by S. N. Tripathi) and Ganga ("Ganges," 1965, directed by Kundan Kumar) were profitable and popular, but in general Bhojpuri films were not commonly produced in the 1960s and 1970s.

In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to tentatively make up an industry. Films such as Mai ("Mom," 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife," 1983, directed by Kalpataru) continued to have at least sporadic success at the box office. However, this trend faded out by the end of the decade, and by 1990, the nascent industry seemed to be completely finished.[13]

The industry took off again in 2001 with the super hit Saiyyan Hamar ("My Sweetheart," directed by Mohan Prasad), which shot the hero of that film, Ravi Kissan, to superstardom.[14] The extremely rapid success of their films has led to dramatic increases in Bhojpuri cinema's visibility, and the industry now supports an awards show[15] and a trade magazine, Bhojpuri City,[16] which chronicles the production and release of what are now over one hundred films per year. Many of the major stars of mainstream Bollywood cinema, including Amitabh Bachchan, have also recently worked in Bhojpuri films.

Internet[edit]

Communication[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ahmad Qeyamuddin, Patna Through the ages: Glimpses of History, Society and Economy, Commonwealth Publishers, New Delhi, 1988
  2. ^ Rajendra Abhinandan Granth, "Nagri Pracharini Sabha", Arrah, 3 March 1950, pp. 353
  3. ^ Kumar N., Journalism in Bihar, A Supplement to Bihar State Gazette pp. 28
  4. ^ Bihar ki Sahityik Pragati, Bihar Hindi Sahitya Sammelan, Patna 1956, pp. 73
  5. ^ Jayanti Smarak Granth, pp. 583-585
  6. ^ Bhojpuri Channel Mahuaa TV Launched
  7. ^ Bhojpuri Channel MAHUAA TV launched
  8. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1070223/asp/jamshedpur/story_7430366.asp
  9. ^ http://www.naxatranewshindi.com
  10. ^ a b http://www.asiawaves.net/india/bihar-radio.htm
  11. ^ http://www.fmradiodhamaal.com/
  12. ^ IMDB
  13. ^ Tripathy, Ratnakar (2007) 'BHOJPURI CINEMA', South Asian Popular Culture, 5:2, 145 - 165
  14. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1060414/asp/etc/story_6075200.asp
  15. ^ http://www.bhojpurifilmaward.com/
  16. ^ http://www.bhojpuricity.com/