Media in Kerala

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Printed Malayalam magnified by spectacles.

Media in Kerala, India are widely accessible and cater to a wide variety of audiences.

Written media[edit]

Dozens of newspapers are published in Kerala.[1] The principal languages of publication are Malayalam and English. The most widely circulating Malayalam-language newspapers include Malayala Manorama, Mathrubhumi, Madhyamam, Suprabhaatham, Kerala Kaumudi, Desabhimani, Deepika, Mangalam, Janayugam, Thejas, Varthamanam, Chandrika, Janmabhumi, Siraj Daily,Udaya keralam and Metro Vaartha.

Among list of Malayalam periodicals major Malayalam periodicals are Mathrubhumi weekly, Madhyamam weekly, India Today Malayalam, Dhanam (Business Magazine),Chithrabhumi, Balarama (Comics), Thejas, Kanyaka and Bhashaposhini.

Readership of top Malayalam dailies (based on Indian Readership Survey, 2010)[2]
Daily Readership (in lakh)
Malayala Manorama
114
Mathrubhumi
90.94
Deshabhimani
33.06
Kerala Kaumudi
13.04
Madhyamam
11.45
Mangalam
7.14


The following table is according to the Indian Readership Survey (IRS) 2015 Quarter 1.[3]

Rank Name of the magazine Average Issue Readership (in lakh)
1 Vanitha 24.44
2 Manorama 11.63
3 Madhyamam Weekly 8.26
4 Balarama 7.87
5 Thozhil Vartha 7.35

Internet[edit]

Internet service was started by ISPs like Kerala Telecommunication and VSNL in the year 1998. In the same year BPL, a private mobile service provider introduced mobile telephony in Kerala.[4][5][6]


Television[edit]

Doordarshan is the state-owned television broadcaster. Multi system operators provide a mix of Malayalam, English, and international channels. The first group to enter the television field was Asianet in 1993, followed by Surya TV in 1998. Kairali TV started broadcast in the year 2000.[7] Multiple channels then started broadcasting including general entertainment channels like Jeevan, Amrita, Jai Hind, Asianet plus, Kiran TV, Kairali We, news channels like Indiavision, Asianet News, Reporter TV, Manorama News, Kairali People, Mathrubhumi News, Media One TV and religious channels like Shalom, PowerVision TV. The only government owned channel in Malayalam is VICTERS Educational channel-Versatile ICT Enabled Resource for Students which is working under IT@School Project of General Education department, Kerala

Radio[edit]

In Kerala, Radio had a very vital role in communication.All India Radio, the national radio service, reaches much of Kerala via its Thiruvananthapuram 'A' Malayalam-language broadcaster. After AIR Malayalee audiences . Radio Alakal, the first Community radio in the state, started narrowcasting from Trivandrum on 1 May 2006. Kerala's First private FM station, Radio Mango 91.9, was launched on 29th, November 2007 in Calicut, sparking off the FM revolution in the state. Today, Kerala has a host of private FM channels that are fast gaining influence among its population.

Private FM Stations inside Kerala[edit]

  1. Club FM 94.3 (The Mathrubhumi Printing And Publishing Co Ltd)
  2. BIG FM 92.7 (Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group)
  3. Radio Mirchi 98.3 (entertainment Network (India)ltd)
  4. Red FM 93.5 (sun Network)
  5. Ananthapuri FM 101.9 MHz # Gyan Vani 105.6 (IGNOU)
  6. Radio DC(Low power CRS) 90.4 MHz
  1. Radio Media Village 90.8 (St Joseph College of Communication)
  1. Club FM 104.8 (The Mathrubhumi Printing And Publishing Co Ltd)
  2. Radio Mango 91.9 (The Malayala Manorama Co Ltd)
  3. BEST FM 95 (Asianet Communications Ltd)
  4. Red FM 91.1 (Sun Network)
  1. Club FM 94.3 (The Mathrubhumi Printing And Publishing Co Ltd)
  2. Radio Mango 91.9 (The Malayala Manorama Co Ltd)
  3. Red FM 93.5 (Sun Network)
  4. BEST FM 95 (Asianet Communications Ltd)
  1. Club FM 94.3 (The Mathrubhumi Printing And Publishing Co Ltd)
  2. Red FM 93.5 (Sun Network)
  3. Radio Mango 91.9 (The Malayala Manorama Co Ltd.)
  4. Gyanvani FM 105.6 (IGNOU)
  1. Radio Mango 91.9 (The Malayala Manorama Co Ltd)
  2. Red FM 93.5 (Sun Network)

Private AM/FM Stations outside Kerala[edit]

  1. Asianet Radio 657AM
  2. Radio Asia 1269 AM
  3. Radio Me 95.3 FM
  4. Hit FM 96.7
  5. Oxygen FM 102.4
  6. Radio Mango 96.2

Public sector Radio Channels[edit]

  1. Thiruvanthapuram -101.9
  2. Thiruvanthapuram Dc Radio -90.4
  3. Idukki - 101.4
  4. Kochi 102.3
  5. Kochi FM Rainbow 107.5 (Music Channel)
  6. Thrissur - 103
  7. Kozhikode - 103.6
  8. Malappuram -102.7
  9. Kannur - 101.5
  1. Thiruvanthapuram - 1161
  2. Alapuzha - 576
  3. Thrissur - 630
  4. Kozhikode - 684
  5. Kavaratti - 1584
  1. Thiruvanthapuram - 5010,7290

Cinema[edit]

Main article: Malayalam Cinema

The history of Malayalam cinema begins with Vigathakumaran a silent film made by J.C. Daniel in 1928. The first Malayalam talkie, Balan, came out in 1938.

Udaya Studio, the first professional film studio of Kerala was set up in Alappuzha by Kunchako in 1947. Another landmark was the release of Chemmeen in 1966, directed by Ramu Kariat, which won the President’s Gold Medal for the best Indian film.

The first co-operative society for film production, Chitralekha Film Co-operative was promoted by Chithralekha Film Society. This first film society of Kerala was started in 1964 by Adoor Gopalakrishnan and Kulathur Bhaskaran Nair.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "General Review". Registrar of Newspapers for India. Retrieved 2006-09-01. 
  2. ^ Sangeeta Tanwar (May 10, 2010). "IRS 2010 Q1: Dailies in Kerala lose readers after gaining in the last round". Indian Readership Survey. New Delhi, India: afaqs.com. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Dr. Vellayani Arjunan, ed. (1987). Sarva Vijnana Kosham Volume 8. 
  5. ^ "Keralatourism.org (Provisional)". Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 
  6. ^ "Keralabsnl(Provisional)". Department of Tourism. Retrieved 2007-11-18. 
  7. ^ New Malayalam channel to go on air from Aug 17 Business Line Financial Daily, Monday, August 14, 2000