Media of Germany
The Media of Germany consist of several different types of communications media including television, radio, cinema, newspapers, magazines, and Internet. Germany also has a strong music industry. Many of the media are controlled by large for-profit corporations who reap revenue from advertising, subscriptions, and sale of copyrighted material.
See also: List of newspapers in Germany
Germany has a very wide range of print media. During the years of the Nazi rule the mass media had become a tool of the regime. In 1945 the media experienced an "hour zero" and started nearly completely anew. The post-war media system was based on the principle of press freedom as stipulated in the Constitution of Germany adopted in 1949.
In 2008 Germany had 354 newspapers. Together with local editions, there were 1,512 different newspapers. Since the early 1990s, the number and circulation of newspapers in Germany have shown signs of decline. The penetration of daily newspapers has fallen from 79.1 percent to 72.4 percent in 2008. National newspapers include BILD, Süddeutsche Zeitung, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, Welt, Frankfurter Rundschau and Tageszeitung.
The German Constitution stipulates that the sole responsibility for broadcasting rests with the Länder of the Federal Republic as part of their "cultural sovereignty". Because of this, the public service broadcasters are a creation of the Länder that act individually ore jointly (in agreements). The exception is the broadcaster Deutsche Welle, based on federal legislation, designed to provide services (radio, TV, online) to foreign countries only. The traditional public service broadcaster is set up as an independent and non-commercial organization, financed primarily by licence fees.
On November 25, 2008, Germany completed the transition from analog to digital terrestrial television transmission. In 2012, all analog satellite reception ceased.