Media ownership in Australia
|This article is outdated. (February 2010)|
Media ownership in Australia is distributed between commercial, national public broadcasters and not-for-profit community broadcasters. Australian media ownership has been described as one of the most concentrated in the world. For example, 11 of the 12 capital city daily papers are owned by either News Corp or Fairfax Media.
- 1 Major companies
- 1.1 Nine Entertainment Co.
- 1.2 WIN Corporation
- 1.3 News Corp
- 1.4 Southern Cross Broadcasting
- 1.5 Ten Network Holdings
- 1.6 Seven Media Group
- 1.7 Fairfax Media
- 1.8 ABC
- 1.9 SBS
- 2 Laws
- 3 Television
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Nine Entertainment Co.
Nine Entertainment Co. (previously PBL Media) is a media company owned by CVC Asia Pacific. Originally a 50/50 joint venture with Consolidated Media Holdings. Has diverse interests including the Nine Network, ACP Magazines, Ticketek and Acer Arena.
- Nine Network, 100%, an Australian free-to-air television network. (Cross-net with ABC Television Network)
- TCN Sydney, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Sydney, Australia.
- GTV Melbourne, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Melbourne, Australia.
- QTQ Brisbane, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Brisbane, Australia.
- NWS Adelaide, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Adelaide, Australia.
- STW Perth, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Perth, Australia.
- NTD Darwin, 100%, a metropolitan television station based in Darwin, Australia.
- GO!, 100%, Australia's highest-rating free-to-air digital multichannel.
- GEM, 100%, an Australian free-to-air digital multichannel.
- NBN Television, 100%, a regional television station based in Newcastle, Australia.
- DTD, 50%, a digital television station based in Darwin, Australia, joint-venture with Southern Cross Media Group.
- Australian News Channel, 33.33%, a subscription television news service, joint-venture with British Sky Broadcasting and Seven Media Group.
- ACP Magazines, 100%, Australia's leading magazine publisher operating in Australia, New Zealand, Asia and the United Kingdom.
- Ninemsn, 50%, an online entertainment portal, joint-venture with Microsoft.
- Carsales Network, 50.6%, Australia's leading online automotive, motorcycle and marine classifieds business.
- My Home, 48.75%, an online real estate business, joint-venture with Shane Dale and My Home Group.
- Ticketek, 100%, an event ticketing business operating in Australia, New Zealand and Argentina.
- Acer Arena, 100%, an entertainment and sporting complex located in Sydney, Australia.
- WIN Television
- Mildura Digital Television (50% stake)
- Tasmanian Digital Television (50% stake)
- Ten West (50% share with Prime Television)
- Ten Network Holdings (13% stake)
- Crawford Productions
- Digital Distribution Australia
- SP Telemedia (13% stake)
- St. George Illawarra Dragons (24% stake)
- Australian Poker League (50% stake)
- Joint venture with Village Tasmania
News Corp has interests in the film, magazine, publishing, sports & television industries. These include the following:
Southern Cross Broadcasting
Southern Cross Broadcasting owns a number of regional television stations and some metropolitan radio stations across Australia.
- Southern Cross Media
- Taiwan Broadband Communications (60%) (sold off in FY 2007/08)
- American Consolidated Media
- Southern Cross Ten
- CTC - Australian Capital Territory/Southern NSW (Canberra, Wollongong, Wagga Wagga, South Coast)
- GLV/BCV - Victoria (Bendigo, Ballarat, Gippsland, Albury-Wodonga)
- NRN - Northern NSW/South East QLD (Newcastle, Central Coast, North Coast, Gold Coast)
- TNQ - Queensland (Toowoomba, Mackay, Rockhampton, Townsville, Cairns)
- SGS/SCN - South Australia (Spencer Gulf region of South Australia and Broken Hill, New South Wales)
- Southern Cross Television
- Tasmanian Digital Television (50% share with WIN Corporation)
- Darwin Digital Television (50% share with Nine Entertainment Co.)
Ten Network Holdings
- Network Ten (Cross-net with CBS Television Network)
- Eye Corp Pty Limited
- Outdoor Plus Pty Limited
- Media Choice LLC
- Ultimate Media Group Pty Limited
Seven Media Group
- Seven Network - free to air network, output deals with NBC Universal, ITV (Cross-net with NBC Television Network)
- Sky News Australia (33% stake) - subscription television news channel; as part of Australian News Channel Pty Ltd ( BSkyB 33%, Seven Media Group 33%, PBL Media 33% )
- Hybrid Television Services (67% stake) - time shifting technology, exclusive licensee of TiVo in Australia and NZ from 2008.
- Pacific Magazines - 3 of the top 5 highest reaching magazines in Australia. Market share within categories:
- Homes – 61.5% to 63.1%
- Teens – 45.9% to 50.4%
- Women’s Lifestyle – 13.5% to 27%
- Health – 22.2% to 28.3%
- Parenting – 49.2% to 61.8%
- Men’s Lifestyle – 41.8% to 44%
- Airline – 34.4% to 35%
- The Australian Financial Review (National)
- The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, NSW)
- The Age (Melbourne, Vic.)
- The Canberra Times (Canberra, ACT)
- from Rural Press merger
- Illawarra Mercury (Wollongong, NSW)
- The Newcastle Herald (Newcastle, NSW)
- Fairfax Community Newspapers
- Domain.com.au - real estate classifieds
- Drive.com.au - automotive classifieds
- MyCareer.com.au - employment classifieds
- RSVP.com.au - personal dating classifieds
- Weatherzone.com.au - weather service
- Brisbanetimes.com.au - online news service
The Australian Broadcasting Corporation is a state-owned company that provides television, radio and internet news services. It was founded in 1929. The ABC is 100% funded by the Australian Government.
The Special Broadcasting Service was founded in 1980, and is now a hybrid-funded provider of television, radio and online media with an emphasis on multi-lingual services. The Australian Government contributes approximately 80% of funding to SBS, the rest is generated from advertising revenue.
The Australian Government legislated specific controls over the ownership of broadcasting on television and radio in the Broadcasting Services Act 1992. These effectively prohibit ownership of more than one television station or two radio stations in a given market. The Commonwealth's legislative reach over print media ownership is largely limited to general competition law such as the Trade Practices Act 1974.
On 14 March 2005, the Australian Government announced proposals to amend the current media ownership laws.
Australian television broadcasting is dominated by free-to-air services including ABC TV, Seven Network, Nine Network, Network Ten, SBS TV and their affiliates, as well as subscription television providers Foxtel, Austar and SelecTV.
Ownership of these stations and affiliates is mostly shared between PBL Media, Seven Media Group, WIN Corporation, Macquarie Media Group and Prime Television Limited. ABC Television and SBS Television are government owned stations.
There are also some smaller subscription television providers, such as Neighbourhood Cable and TransACT, but they are limited both in channel availability and subscribers. Community television stations are broadcast in most capital cities.
None of the commercial networks are owned by News Corporation.
- Jones, Paul; Pusey, Michael (2008), "Mediated Political Communication in Australia: leading issues, new evidence", Australian Journal of Social Issues 43 (4): 583–599
- Media Ownership Regulation in Australia
- Internet Industry Association Information
- Index : SBS Corporate
- Broadcasting Services Act 1992 110. Canberra, Australia: Attorney General’s Department, Canberra. 1992.
- Media Ownership Regulation in Australia
- BROADCASTING SERVICES ACT 1992, Australasian Legal Information Institute, Retrieved 2009-10-24