Medical education in the Philippines

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Medical education in the Philippines is principally offered and developed by accredited and government recognized medical schools in the country.

The Philippine medical schools are graduate schools offering the Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degree. The M.D. is a four-year professional degree program which qualifies the degree holder to take the licensure exam for medical doctors in the Philippines.

Admission to medical schools[edit]

Before applying to any medical school, a candidate must earn a bachelor's degree with credits in certain required subjects. The most common pre-medical degrees include biology, psychology, medical technology, pharmacy, nursing, and physical therapy.[1]

In addition, a candidate must take and pass the National Medical Admission Test (NMAT), the national entrance exam for all medical schools in the Philippines.[1]

Professional medical degree[edit]

The Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) is a four-year professional degree program dealing with medical theories, practices, technologies, and problem solving.

The completion of the degree program with one-year postgraduate internship qualifies a candidate to take the licensure exam for medical doctors in the Philippines.[1]

Philippine medical schools[edit]

Medical schools in the country are regulated by the Commission on Higher Education (CHED) of the Philippines, and accredited by the Association of Philippine Medical Colleges.[1]

Top Philippine Medical Schools[edit]

The Board of Medicine of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) of the Philippines.[1] has released a list of the outstanding colleges of medicine in the Philippines with percentage passing above the national average (62.71%) based on the Physician Licensure Examinations from 2007-2012. They were recognized in the oath-taking of the new physicians held at the PICC Plenary Hall in Pasay City on September 15, 2012.[2][3][4]

Rank Name Number of Examinees Passed Passing Percentage
1 Cebu Institute of Medicine (CIM) 390 388 99.48%
2 University of the Philippines (UP) 962 948 98.54%
3 University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine and Surgery (UST-FMS) 2355 2269 96.34%
4 Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila College of Medicine (PLM-CM) 701 658 93.86%
5 Mindanao State University College of Medicine (MSU-COM) 276 254 92.02%
5 Our Lady of Fatima University College of Medicine 266 244 92.02%
6 West Visayas State University College of Medicine (WVSU-COM) 621 555 89.37%
7 Saint Luke's College of Medicine (SLCM) 482 430 89.21%
8 Saint Louis University (Baguio) School of Medicine (SLU-SoM) 501 435 86.82%
9 Xavier University School of Medicine 337 289 85.75%
10 Cebu Doctors' University College of Medicine (CDU-CM) 443 368 83.06%
11 University of the East Ramon Magsaysay Memorial Medical Center (UERMMMC) 1294 1068 82.53%
12 Cagayan State University College of Medicine and Surgery 134 109 81.34%
13 Far Eastern University Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation (FEU-NRMF) 1558 1249 80.16%
14 Ateneo de Zamboanga University School of Medicine (AdZU-SOM) 154 121 78.57%
15 Davao Medical School Foundation, Inc. College of Medicine 508 393 77.36%
16 University of St. La Salle College of Medicine (USLS-CM) 141 107 75.88%
17 De La Salle Health Sciences Institute 1197 823 68.75%

List of APMC Accredited Philippine Medical Schools[edit]

There are 38 APMC member schools and colleges as of 2009.[5]

Name Dean Location
AMA College of Medicine Esperanza C. Lansang, M.D. Makati City
Ateneo School of Medicine & Public Health Manuel M. Dayrit, M.D. Pasig City
Ateneo de Zamboanga University School of Medicine Fortunato L. Cristobal, M.D. Zamboanga City
Emilio Aguinaldo College Asuncion Abaya-Morido, M.D. Ermita, Manila
Far Eastern University – Dr. Nicanor Reyes Medical Foundation Remedios T. Habacon, M.D. Fairview, Quezon City
University of Perpetual Help Rizal Jonelta Foundation School of Medicine Aretas P. Singson-Alday, M.D. Las Piñas City
Manila Central University-Filemon D. Tanchoco Sr. Medical Foundation Elvira M. Abreu, M.D. Caloocan City
Our Lady of Fatima University Reynaldo A. Olazo, M.D. Valenzuela City
Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Manila Rose Anna R. Banal, M.D. Intramuros, Manila
San Beda College of Medicine Fernandino Jose A. Fontanilla, M.D. Mendiola, Manila
St. Luke's College of Medicine William H. Quasha Memorial Brigido L. Carandang, Jr., M.D. Sta. Ignacia St., Quezon City
UERM Memorial Medical Center Alfaretta Luisa T. Reyes, M.D. Aurora Blvd., Quezon City
University of Santo Tomas Faculty of Medicine & Surgery Jesus V. Valencia, M.D. España, Manila
University of the Philippines-Manila Agnes Mejia, M.D. Pedro Gil, Manila
Baguio Central University Ma. Ana P. Custodio, M.D. Baguio City
Saint Louis University John Anthony A. Domantay, M.D. Baguio City
Lyceum-Northwestern University Dr. Francisco Q. Duque Medical Foundation Felipe H. Rodriguez, M.D. Dagupan City
University of Northern-Philippines Larguita P. Reotutar, M.D. Vigan, Ilocos Sur
Virgen Milagrosa University Foundation Estrella S. Valerio, M.D. San Carlos City
Cagayan State University Pablo M. Afidchao, M.D. Tuguegarao City
Angeles University Foundation School of Medicine Evelyn B. Yumiaco, M.D. Angeles City
De La Salle Health Sciences Institute Dina C. Gonzales, M.D. Dasmariñas, Cavite
University of Perpetual Help - Dr. Jose G. Tamayo Medical University Winnie P. Siao, M.D. Biñan, Laguna
Bicol Christian College of Medicine Sonia G. Rosario, M.D. Legazpi City
Central Philippines University Glenn A. M. Catedral, M.D. Iloilo City
Iloilo Doctors College of Medicine Ludovico Jurao, M.D. Iloilo City
University of Saint. La Salle Carmelo C. Canto, M.D. Bacolod City
West Visayas State University Joselito F. Villaruz, M.D. Iloilo City
Cebu Doctors University Enrico B. Gruet, M.D. Cebu City
Cebu Institute of Medicine Thelma L. Fernandez, M.D. Cebu City
Silliman University Medical School Jonathan C. Amante, M.D. Dumaguete City
Southwestern University-Matias H. Aznar Memorial College of Medicine Arlene M. Diaz, M.D. Cebu City
Gullas College of Medicine University of the Visayas Leonardo Raymund C. Cimafranca, M.D. Mandaue City
Remedios Trinidad Romualdez Medical School Foundation Jesus G. Reyes, M.D. Tacloban City
University of the Philippines School of Health Sciences Jusie Lydia Siega-Sur, M.D. Palo, Leyte
Mindanao State University College of Medicine Cristina D. Achacoso, M.D. Iligan City
Xavier University-Dr. Jose P. Rizal School of Medicine Ateneo de Cagayan Ruth S. Beltran, M.D. Cagayan De Oro City

Physicians' licensure examinations[edit]

The licensure exams for physicians (board exam for doctors) are administered by the Philippine Board of Medicine, a professional regulatory body under the general control and supervision of the Professional Regulation Commission (PRC) of the Philippines.[1]

Advanced medical studies[edit]

After graduation from medical school and passing the board exam for doctors, a Filipino doctor is labelled as a general medical practitioner. He may seek further training by way of graduate programs in medicine (i.e., Master of Public Health, Master of Health Services Administration, etc.), or by way of medical specialization.[1]

Graduate medical programs[edit]

Graduate programs are offered in some medical schools in the country and abroad. Candidates usually attend lectures and practical exercises in an academic environment and in laboratory settings. The program may require the presentation and defense of a graduate-level thesis, an independent research project, or supervised professional practice as a final graduation requirement. The entire academic program may last from one year to five years, depending on the requirements of the curriculum; the demands of the institution; and the academic load, availability, and dedication of the individual student.[1]

Medical specialization[edit]

Medical specialization usually takes three to six years of residency training in accredited hospitals and clinics, and the taking of diplomate board examinations conducted by a board of medical specialists in a particular field (i.e., Philippine Board of Psychiatry, Philippine Board of Pediatrics, Philippine Board of Cardiology, Philippine Board of Pulmonology, Philippine Academy of Family Physicians Board of Examiners etc.).[1]

Medical practice[edit]

Medical practice in the Philippines is developed, monitored, and regulated by the Philippine Medical Association (PMA), the largest organization of medical doctors in the country. Other medical and health societies co-exist to pursue more specific interests in the medical field (i.e. Philippine Academy of Family Physicians, Philippine Dermatological Society, Philippine Cancer Society, Philippine Pediatric Society, Philippine Association for the Study of Overweight and Obesity, etc.).[6]

The Department of Health, a cabinet-level department under the Office of the President of the Philippines, exercises general monitoring supervisory powers over medical practitioners and allied health personnel in the Philippines.[7]

Notable Filipino doctors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Medical education, Professional Regulation Commission of the Philippines, 2007.
  2. ^ Statistical Data of Medical Board Exam Passing Rates, Professional Regulation Commission of the Philippines, 1998-2011
  3. ^ Souvenir Program of Oath-taking of New Physicians, 15 September 2012
  4. ^ http://www.prcboardexams.com/2007-2012-top-medical-schools-in-philippines/
  5. ^ http://www.apmcf-ph.net/member-schools-and-colleges
  6. ^ Allied organizations, Philippine Medical Association, 2007.
  7. ^ Public Information Office, Department of Health, Republic of the Philippines, 2007.
  8. ^ Rüedi, etc. all. AO principles of fracture management, Volume 1. p. Page 96. 
  9. ^ Beta Mu Sigma.
  10. ^ http://www.feu-alumni.com/announcements/fdm.htm

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External links[edit]