|Mind–body interventions - edit|
A medical intuitive is an alternative medicine practitioner who claims to use their self-described intuitive abilities to find the cause of a physical or emotional condition. Other terms for such a person include medical clairvoyant, medical psychic or intuitive counselor.
The practice of claiming to use intuition or clairvoyance for medical information dates back to Phineas Parkhurst Quimby (1802–1866), whose intuitive healing practice began in 1854. Edgar Cayce (1877–1945) was known as one of the most well known medical clairvoyants. William M. Branham, the father of the Pentecostal Latter Rain Movement was said by his followers to be able to discern the health condition of people that attended his services, and in many cases heal them of their affliction.
Making a formal medical diagnosis is not a practice for many medical intuitives, but some medical intuitives also work with M.D.s or N.D.s including some general practitioners who have called on medical intuitives for second opinions. In a few cases medical intuitives have been hired by hospitals, clinics and medical offices, particularly in California. Many medical professionals and psychologists attribute perceived anecdotal successes by medical intuitives to a combination of wishful thinking, confirmation bias, the placebo effect, and regression fallacy associated with self-limiting conditions.
A few educational institutions offer graduate degrees that include "research-based training" and certifications for medical intuitives. Other medical intuitives may be licensed medical professionals and their ability to accurately diagnose diseases and heal may not be supported by scientific evidence.
A published study on medical intuitives said that "patients relying solely on psychic diagnosis as the basis for therapy are at risk of serious medical problems going undetected". Some medical intuitives and other alternative medicine practitioners consider the reductionist nature of empirical scientific research to be hostile toward holistic and other challenges to conventional medicine, and incapable of detecting universal truths.
- Barcan, Ruth (2009). "Intuition and Reason in the New Age". In Howes, David. The Sixth Sense Reader. Sensory Formations. Berg Publishers. p. 211. ISBN 1-84788-261-7.
- Randi, James (1989). The Faith Healers. Prometheus Books. p. 10. ISBN 0-87975-535-0.
- Riss, Richard (1988). A Survey of 20th Century Revival Movements in North America. Hendrickson Publishers. pp. 105–24. ISBN 0-913573-72-8.
- McCartney, Francesca (2005), Body of Health: the new science of intuition medicine for energy & balance, New World Library, p. 23m.
- Mason, Russ (2000). "Expanding diagnostic vision with medical intuition : Interviews with Jay Caliendo, Medical Intuitive, and Abraham C. Kuruvilla, M.D., M.D.(H)". Alternative and Complementary Therapies 6 (6): 331–6. doi:10.1089/act.2000.6.331.
- Benedetti, F.; Maggi, G. et al. (2003). Open versus hidden medical treatments: The patient's knowledge about a therapy affects the therapy outcome 6 (1). Prevention & Treatment. doi:10.1037/1522-37220.127.116.11a.
- Alcock, J. (Fall–Winter 1999). "'Alternative medicine' and the psychology of belief". The Scientific Review of Alternative Medicine 3 (2). Retrieved 2011-07-17.
- Sheally, Norman; Church, Dawson (2006). Soul Medicine. Elite Books.
- Young, David E.; Aung, Steven K. H. (1997). "An experimental test of psychic diagnosis of disease". The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine 3 (1): 39–53. doi:10.1089/acm.1997.3.39.
- Nelkin, Dorothy (1996). "The science wars: Responses to a marriage failed". Social Text no. 46/47 14 (1/2): 93–100. JSTOR 466846.