Medical nutrition therapy

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Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is a therapeutic approach to treating medical conditions and their associated symptoms via the use of a specifically tailored diet devised and monitored by a registered dietitian or professional nutritionist. The diet is based upon the patient's medical and psychosocial history, physical examination, functional examination and dietary history.

The role of MNT when administered by a dietitian or professional nutritionist is to reduce the risk of developing complications in pre-existing conditions such as diabetes as well as ameliorate the effects any existing conditions such as high cholesterol.

A nutritional therapy practitioner or clinical nutritionist combines the bio-chemical individuality of each client with a nutrient dense, properly prepared whole food diet and nutritional supplementation in order to return the client to a state of optimal health. They strive to treat the body as a whole - addressing the causes of problems, not just the symptoms

Many medical conditions either develop or are made worse by an improper or unhealthy diet.[1][2][3]

An example is Intradialytic Parenteral Nutrition (IDPN) Therapy, a nutritional support therapy for people on hemodialysis who have a difficult time maintaining adequate nutrition.[4]

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  1. ^ Sikand G, Kashyap ML, Yang I Medical nutrition therapy lowers serum cholesterol and saves medication costs in men with hypercholesterolemia.J Am Diet Assoc. 1998 Aug;98(8):889-94; quiz 895-6.PMID 9710659
  2. ^ Copperman N, Jacobson MS.Medical nutrition therapy of overweight adolescents. Adolesc Med. 2003 Feb;14(1):11-21. PMID 12529187
  3. ^ Budimka Novaković, Maja Grujicić and Ljiljana Trajković-Pavlović. Medical nutrition prevention and medical nutrition therapy of lipid metabolism disorder Med Pregl 62 Suppl 3():95-100 (2009) PMID 19702125
  4. ^ http://www.bcrenalagency.ca/NR/rdonlyres/4B14D840-9DA0-4314-A22E-037B6A33A0C4/55432/INTRADIALYTICPARENTERALNUTRITIONMar08_UpdatedJan12.pdf

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