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Medical technology is
any invention that may be used for safe and effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of illness and disease. This includes the pharmaceuticals, devices, procedures and organizational systems used in health care.
Medical Technology, which is a proper subset of health technology, encompasses a wide range of healthcare products and is used to diagnose, monitor or treat diseases or medical conditions affecting humans. Such technologies (applications of medical science) are intended to improve the quality of healthcare delivered through earlier diagnosis, less invasive treatment options and reductions in hospital stays and rehabilitation times. Recent advances in medical technology have also focused on cost reduction. Medical technology may broadly include medical devices, information technology, biotech, and healthcare services.
The impacts of medical technology may involve social and ethical issues. For example, physicians may seek objective information from technology rather than listening to subjective patient reports.
The term medical technology may also refer to the duties performed by clinical laboratory professionals in various settings within the public and private sectors. The work of these professionals encompass clinical applications of chemistry, genetics, hematology, immunohematology (blood banking), immunology, microbiology, serology, urinalysis and miscellaneous body fluid analysis. Depending on location, educational level and certifying body, these professionals may be referred to as Biomedical Scientists, Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS), Medical Technologists (MT), Medical Laboratory Technologists and Medical Laboratory Technicians.
- WHO: Technology, Health
- INAHTA (International Network of Agencies for Health Technology Assessment). (June 8, 2009). "HTA glossary.". INAHTA.
- ADVAMED (Advanced Medical Technology Association). (June 8, 2009). "What is Medical Technology?.". ADVAMED.
- Richard S. Mathis (30 April 2010). "The Impacts of Innovation". Science 328 (5978).