Medicine Lodge, Kansas

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Medicine Lodge, Kansas
City
The natural amphitheater at the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site, Medicine Lodge, Kansas.
The natural amphitheater at the Medicine Lodge Peace Treaty Site, Medicine Lodge, Kansas.
Location within Barber County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Barber County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111Coordinates: 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barber
Founded 1873
Incorporated 1879
Area[1]
 • Total 1.21 sq mi (3.13 km2)
 • Land 1.21 sq mi (3.13 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,496 ft (456 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,009
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,006
 • Density 1,660.3/sq mi (641.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67104
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-45500[4]
GNIS feature ID 0470446[5]
Website City website

Medicine Lodge is the most populous city in and the county seat of Barber County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 2,009.[7]

History[edit]

19th century[edit]

The particular medicine lodge, mystery house or sacred tabernacle from which the Medicine Lodge River received its name was in reality an arbor-like shelter of tree trunks and leafy branches which was erected by the Kiowa people for the celebration of their annual sun dance in the summer of 1866. It was located in the valley of the Medicine Lodge River, several miles below the present town of Medicine Lodge, which is at the mouth of Elm Creek. In their own language, the Kiowa people called this stream A-ya-dalda P’a, meaning "Timber-hill River." [8] The Kiowa had considered the site sacred due to the high content of Epsom salts in the river.[9]

The Medicine Lodge Treaty was a set of three treaties signed between the United States of America and the Kiowa, Comanche, Plains Apache, Southern Cheyenne, and Southern Arapaho in October 1867. The site of the Peace Council camp was about three miles above that of the future town and on the same side of the river.[8] A Peace Treaty Pageant, first presented in 1927 in an outdoor amphitheater on a quarter section of Kansas prairie, commemorates this significant event in Western history.[10]

Settlers led by a man named John Hutchinson founded the town of Medicine Lodge north of the confluence of Elm Creek and the Medicine Lodge River in February 1873.[11] The community grew rapidly with a hotel, stores, and a post office established within a year.[11]

In 1874, in response to Native raids in the region, residents and the state militia constructed a stockade. A group of Osage killed three settlers within a few miles of the compound, but no direct attack on the fortifications occurred.[12] Medicine Lodge was incorporated as a city in 1879.[11]

Temperance activist Carrie Nation launched her crusade against the sale of alcohol while living in Medicine Lodge in 1900.[13][14] Her home and a reproduction of the 1873 stockade are open to the public.[15]

Geography[edit]

Medicine Lodge is located at 37°17′4″N 98°34′52″W / 37.28444°N 98.58111°W / 37.28444; -98.58111 (37.284352, -98.580977) in south-central Kansas in the Red Hills region of the Great Plains.[16] The city sits immediately north of the confluence of the Medicine Lodge River and Elm Creek. The city is on the northeast side of the river. Elm Creek flows south around the eastern and southern sides of the city. A tributary of Elm Creek, which flows south through Medicine Lodge, has been dammed immediately north of the city to form a reservoir, Barber County State Lake.

The city is located at the junction of U.S. Routes 160 and 281.[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.21 square miles (3.13 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Medicine Lodge has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot, humid summers and cold, dry winters. The average temperature in Medicine Lodge is 57.3 °F (14 °C), and the average yearly precipitation is 26.2 inches (660 mm).[18] On average, January is the coolest month, July is the warmest month, and June is the wettest month. The hottest temperature recorded in Medicine Lodge was 118 °F (48 °C) in 1936; the coldest temperature recorded was -22 °F (-30 °C) in 1905.[19]

Climate data for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 82
(28)
91
(33)
98
(37)
100
(38)
106
(41)
113
(45)
115
(46)
118
(48)
113
(45)
100
(38)
90
(32)
85
(29)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 43
(6)
50
(10)
59
(15)
69
(21)
78
(26)
88
(31)
94
(34)
92
(33)
84
(29)
72
(22)
57
(14)
46
(8)
69.3
(20.8)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
22
(−6)
31
(−1)
41
(5)
53
(12)
63
(17)
67
(19)
66
(19)
57
(14)
43
(6)
31
(−1)
21
(−6)
42.8
(5.8)
Record low °F (°C) −20
(−29)
−22
(−30)
−7
(−22)
14
(−10)
20
(−7)
39
(4)
47
(8)
40
(4)
29
(−2)
9
(−13)
0
(−18)
−18
(−28)
−22
(−30)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.72
(18.3)
0.97
(24.6)
2.50
(63.5)
2.70
(68.6)
3.93
(99.8)
4.08
(103.6)
3.03
(77)
3.06
(77.7)
2.47
(62.7)
2.34
(59.4)
1.84
(46.7)
0.87
(22.1)
28.51
(724)
Source: The Weather Channel[19]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 373
1890 1,095 193.6%
1900 917 −16.3%
1910 1,229 34.0%
1920 1,305 6.2%
1930 1,655 26.8%
1940 1,870 13.0%
1950 2,288 22.4%
1960 3,072 34.3%
1970 2,545 −17.2%
1980 2,384 −6.3%
1990 2,453 2.9%
2000 2,193 −10.6%
2010 2,009 −8.4%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,009 people, 876 households, and 530 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,660.3 inhabitants per square mile (641.0/km2). There were 1,031 housing units at an average density of 852.1 per square mile (329.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.3% White, 0.7% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.4% of the population.

There were 876 households of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.5% were non-families. 35.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.93.

The median age in the city was 40 years. 25.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.4% were from 25 to 44; 27.3% were from 45 to 64; and 17.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.7% male and 49.3% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,193 people, 922 households, and 609 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,823.7 people per square mile (705.6/km²). There were 1,085 housing units at an average density of 902.3 per square mile (349.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.08% White, 0.36% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.69% of the population.

There were 922 households out of which 30.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.8% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,262, and the median income for a family was $41,053. Males had a median income of $30,319 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,231. About 7.4% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Medicine Lodge has a mayor-council form of government. The city council consists of five members, who are elected on a rotating schedule. [20] The day-to-day operations of city government are managed by a City Administrator who operates under the supervision of the elected officials. The current City Administrator is Jeff Porter, who started in October 2014.

Education[edit]

USD 254 Barber County North provides public primary and secondary education with two schools in Medicine Lodge: Medicine Lodge Grade School (Grades Pre-K-6) and Medicine Lodge Junior-Senior High School (7-12).[21]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 281, which runs north-south, and U.S. Route 160, which runs east-west, intersect in the southwest corner of the city.

Medicine Lodge Airport, which hosts general aviation, is located approximately 1.5 miles (2.4 km) southeast of the city.

Medicine Lodge is the western terminus of the Medicine Lodge line of the V&S Railway.[22] The rail line runs northwest-southeast through the southwestern part of the city.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Newspapers

  • The Barber County Index, semi-weekly[23]
  • The Gyp Hill Premiere, weekly[24]

Radio[edit]

The following radio stations are licensed to Medicine Lodge:

FM

Frequency Callsign[25] Format[26] Notes
91.5 KSNS Contemporary Christian -
101.7 KREJ Christian -

Culture[edit]

Triennially, Medicine Lodge holds a pageant to commemorate the 1867 Medicine Lodge Treaty, signed near the city's present-day location. The city first held the pageant in 1927 and has held it every three years since 1961.[27]

Area attractions
  • Carrie Nation House
  • Stockade House.
  • Peace Treaty Statue, located on North Main Street.
  • Wisner Fountain, originally used to water horses on North Main Street.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b http://digital.library.okstate.edu/Chronicles/v002/v002p098.html
  9. ^ Medicine Lodge. (2010). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 21, 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/372512/Medicine-Lodge
  10. ^ http://www.peacetreaty.org/
  11. ^ a b c Cutler, William G. (1883). "Barber County, Part 2". History of the State of Kansas. Chicago: A.T. Andreas. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  12. ^ "This site is dedicated to Medicine Lodge and Barber County". Cyber Lodge Internet Services. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  13. ^ "Carry A. Nation". Kansas Heritage Group. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 
  14. ^ "Carry A. Nation (1846 – 1911)". The State Historical Society of Missouri. Retrieved 6 April 2014. 
  15. ^ http://www.travelks.com/s/index.cfm?LID=502
  16. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  17. ^ DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. 4th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2009, p. 72-73. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  18. ^ "Historical Weather for Medicine Lodge, Kansas, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  19. ^ a b "Average weather for Medicine Lodge, KS". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  20. ^ "Government". Medicine Lodge, Kansas. Cyber Lodge Internet Services. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  21. ^ "USD 254". USD 254. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  22. ^ "V&S Railroad - Medicine Lodge Division". V&S Railway. Retrieved 2010-02-20. 
  23. ^ "About this Newspaper: Barbour County index". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  24. ^ "Gyp Hill Premiere". Mondo Times. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  25. ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  26. ^ "Radio Stations in Medicine Lodge, Kansas". Radio-Locator. Retrieved 2010-02-19. 
  27. ^ "The History of the Medicine Lodge Indian Peace Treaty". Indian Peace Treaty Pageant. Retrieved 2010-02-21. 

Further reading[edit]

Medicine Lodge
  • Yost, Nellie Snyder. Medicine Lodge: The Story of a Kansas Frontier Town. Sage Books: Chicago, 1970.
Kansas

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Events
Historical
Maps