Medina County, Texas
|Medina County, Texas|
The Medina County Courthouse in Hondo
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Medina River|
|• Total||1,335 sq mi (3,458 km2)|
|• Land||1,325 sq mi (3,432 km2)|
|• Water||9 sq mi (23 km2), 0.7%|
|• Density||28/sq mi (11/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
The Medina Dam, the fourth largest in the nation when completed in 1913, is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The irrigation project, creating Medina Lake, was built by 1500 skilled workers, mostly Mexican, who worked in shifts operating 24 hours a day to complete the dam in two years.
- Bandera County (north)
- Bexar County (east)
- Atascosa County (southeast)
- Frio County (south)
- Uvalde County (west)
As of the census of 2000, there were 39,304 people, 12,880 households, and 10,136 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km²). There were 14,826 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.38% White, 2.20% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 14.48% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. 45.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 12,880 households out of which 39.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.30% were non-families. 18.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.30.
In the county, the population was spread out with 29.00% under the age of 18, 8.40% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, and 12.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 105.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,063, and the median income for a family was $40,288. Males had a median income of $27,045 versus $21,734 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,210. About 12.00% of families and 15.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.80% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
The Medina County Museum is located off U.S. Route 90 in Hondo.
Scorched cornfield in Castroville
Medina Valley United Methodist Church in Castroville
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Ruben E. Ochoa, "Medina County", Handbook of Texas Online, accessed 3 August 2010
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Texas Almanac: County Population History 1850-2010". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- Holt, Jr., C.L.R. (1959). Geology and ground-water resources of Medina County, Texas [U.S. Geological Survey Water-Supply Paper 1422]. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.
- Castro Colonies Heritage Association, The History of Medina County, Texas, Dallas, TX: National Share Graphics, 1983).
- Houston B. Eggen, History of Public Education in Medina County, Texas, 1848–1928 (M.A. thesis, University of Texas, 1950).
- Cyril Matthew Kuehne, S.M., Ripples from Medina Lake, San Antonio, TX: Naylor, 1966.
- Bobby D. Weaver, Castro's Colony: Empresario Development in Texas, 1842–1865, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1985.
|Uvalde County||Bexar County|
|Frio County||Atascosa County|