Medina de Rioseco

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Medina de Rioseco
Flag of Medina de Rioseco
Flag
Official seal of Medina de Rioseco
Seal
Nickname(s): City of the Admirals
Medina de Rioseco is located in Spain
Medina de Rioseco
Medina de Rioseco
Coordinates: 41°52′59″N 5°02′34″W / 41.88306°N 5.04278°W / 41.88306; -5.04278
Country Spain Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León Castile and León
Province Valla dolid
Municipality Medina de Rioseco
Area
 • Total 115 km2 (44 sq mi)
Elevation 741 m (2,431 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 4,967
 • Density 43.0/km2 (111/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.medinaderioseco.com/
Typical street in Medina de Rioseco.

Medina de Rioseco is a municipality located in the province of Valladolid, in the autonomous community of Castile and León and Spain. According to a 2011 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 4,967 inhabitants. The city also has the nicknames the "City of the Admirals" and "Old India Girl."

It has an area of 115.43 square kilometres (44.6 sq mi), with a population density of 43.0 inhabitants per square kilometre (111/sq mi). It is a municipality of Tierra de Campos. The Sequillo river passes nearby.

The coat of arms shield is quartered, with two castles in gold and two horses leaning out of colored battlements on a silver background, surrounded by a wreath of laurel leaves, but no crown. It was granted by King John I of Castile.

The city lies along the road of El Camino de Santiago de Madrid.

Origins[edit]

The oldest traces of Rioseco come from the Iron Age and the time of Celtic Iberia. Some ancient authors mistakenly identified this area as a Forum Egurrorum or a market square, in the Visigoths' era. Documents relating to the Tierra de Campos and Campos Gothic or Campii Gotorum date from this period. In the middle of the ninth century and throughout the tenth century, this area was a territory of colonization of the Asturian-Leonese kingdom, which also contained Mozarabic people, such as the Iberian Christians who lived under Arab Islamic rule in Al-Andalus. This perhaps led to a place name for the population: "Medina" (Arabic for "city").

Reconquest[edit]

Map showing the Iberian Peninsula in AD 1000, with Condado de Castilla still a part of the Kingdom of León.

The confluence of the borders between the Kingdom of León and County of Castile led to battles in this area between the two kingdoms. In 1037, Castile became the separate Kingdom of Castile. Alfonso X the Wise determined the ultimate limits with Valladolid in 1258, leaving Medina for the mountains of Torozos.

During the Middle Ages, in the Merindad of Valladolid Infantazgo (in old Castilian cited as: the Infantadgo of Ualladolid Meryndat), there was an administrative division of the Kingdom of Castile, which is described in the book Calif of Behetrías of Castile,[1] drafted by the Cortes of Valladolid of 1351, when the establishment of knights applied to King Pedro I to absorb the Behetrías land by conversion to manors.

Admirals of Castile[edit]

In May 1405 Don Alonso Enriquez (1354–1429) received the title of Admiral of Castile from King Henry III of Castile, after the death of the previous owner of this title, Diego Hurtado de Mendoza. In 1423 John II of Castile established the manor of Medina Rioseco.

Its traditional commercial role since medieval times gained official status over time. Exercising dominion, D. Fadrique Enriquez, second admiral, was granted by John II the privilege of conducting an annual fair. Under the dominion of Alfonso II Enriquez, third Admiral of Castile, Enrique IV of Castile granted the town the right to conduct a second annual fair, and in 1465, Henry IV gave it a free weekly tax. Don Frederic II and Enríquez de Cabrera—the fourth Admiral—began building the palace of the admirals and the church of San Francisco. He also founded the convent of Santa Clara, and during his rule built the church of Santa María de Mediavilla.

16th century[edit]

Medina de Rioseco became the global trading hub for silver arriving from the Indies through the port of Seville and enjoyed an economic boom that reached its peak during the 16th century. Donations and legacies poured in from the Americas, greatly increasing the wealth of the city and surrounding parishes. Four large Riosecano temples were built, and the city became home to one of the most important fairs of the kingdom, second only to that at Medina del Campo. At this time the, so-called Penitential Monasteries were founded, which were famous for their processions of penance and passion, and their many chapels and hospitals.

The Battle of Medina del Rioseco took place on July 14, 1808, during the Peninsular War.

Pictures of Santiago Apóstol Church[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Parts of this article have been translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia.
  1. ^ quanta IBRO what are the rights of the sites of meryndades of (Carrion) and of CANPOS e Monçon of the Infantadgo of Ualladolid and Cerrato, the quale rights were known by research that fizieron by letter and command of our Sennor Gonçalo King Pedro Martinez de Penna Faithful and Lorenci Martinez, cleric of Penna Faithful ... In the era of mill and CCC and XC annos.

Coordinates: 41°53′N 5°02′W / 41.883°N 5.033°W / 41.883; -5.033