Medinah Country Club
The clubhouse and putting green (2008)
|Location||Medinah, Illinois, U.S.|
|Tournaments hosted||Ryder Cup: (2012)
(1949, 1975, 1990)
U.S. Senior Open: (1988)
(1939, 1962, 1966)
|Golf Course 1|
|Designed by||Tom Bendelow|
|Length||6,713 yards (6,138 m)|
|Golf Course 2|
|Designed by||Tom Bendelow|
|Length||6,210 yards (5,678 m)|
|Golf Course 3|
|Designed by||Tom Bendelow |
|Length||7,657 yards (7,002 m)|
Medinah Country Club is a private country club in Medinah, Illinois, with nearly 600 members and 640 acres (260 ha) containing three golf courses, Lake Kadijah, swimming facilities and a Byzantine-style, mosque-evoking clubhouse with Oriental, Louis XIV and Italian architectural aspects. Medinah is widely known for its Course 3, now at 7,657 yards (7,002 m), which has hosted five major championships: three U.S. Opens (1949, 1975, 1990) and two PGA Championships (1999, 2006), as well as the Ryder Cup in 2012.
Early history 
The club was founded in 1924 by the Medinah Shriners (named after an Arabian city) and by the late 1920s had approximately 1,500 golfing and social members. The Great Depression brought severe financial hardship and many members left. The club responded by waiving initiation fees, lowering dues, holding fundraising events and (significantly) hosting professional golf tournaments. Eventually, non-Shriners were allowed to apply for membership. World War II exacerbated the club's financial woes and membership fell far below capacity. Course 2 was closed and members helped with upkeep on the two remaining courses. During the post war era Medinah entered a period of gradual recovery and membership growth.
Course 3 
Medinah has three golf courses in a 54-hole complex. Many noted golf professionals have played Course 3, beginning with "Lighthorse" Harry Cooper at the Medinah Open in 1930. Other noted players include Gene Sarazen, Byron Nelson, Cary Middlecoff, Billy Casper, Gary Player, Hale Irwin and Tiger Woods. Tommy Armour, winner of multiple major championships and the namesake of a well-known golfing equipment brand, was Medinah's head pro for many years. Course 3 hosted the Western Open three times in 1939, 1962, and 1966; it was one of the largest non-major tournaments on the early tour.
Medinah's courses were originally designed by Tom Bendelow. Noted American golf course designer A.W. Tillinghast played a major role in the design changes to Course 3 in the 1930s. In the 1930 Medinah Open, Lighthorse Harry played the course with a 63 (the lowest score ever shot on the course) in the second round. The junior course record of 68 is jointly held by Russell Katz and Kenny Wittenberg. Medinah's board approved a redesign of the course, subject to the availability of funds and the return of adjacent land to the club by Medinah's four founders. The major redesign was followed by several more changes. Roger Packard's 1986 redesign in preparation for the U.S. Open brought substantial changes and was followed by Rees Jones' work in preparation for the 2006 PGA Championship, which extended Course 3 to 7,561 yards (6,914 m), at the time, the longest golf course in major championship history. Furthermore, Medinah Country Club is noted for the three waterfront par three holes in numbers 2, 13, and 17.
Tiger Woods 
Woods' appearances at Medinah have enhanced the club's international reputation. His first win at the course was the 1999 PGA Championship, which brought him much media attention. During the late afternoon of the final round, Sergio García hit a shot on the 16th hole that seemed to have at least earned the 19-year-old a playoff, but Woods maintained his focus before a raucous crowd and preserved a one-stroke win. In 2006 Woods won by five strokes and became the first to win the PGA Championship twice on the same course. In recognition of this achievement Woods was made a member of the club, in what has been said to be an unprecedented decision by Medinah's membership.
Major tournaments hosted 
All held on Course 3:
|1949||U.S. Open||Cary Middlecoff||1 stroke||2,000||71||6,981 yd (6,383 m)|
|1975||U.S. Open||Lou Graham||2 strokes (90)||40,000||71||7,032 yd (6,430 m)|
|1988||U.S. Senior Open||Gary Player||2 strokes (90)||65,000||72||6,881 yd (6,292 m)|
|1990||U.S. Open||Hale Irwin||91 Holes||220,000||72||7,195 yd (6,579 m)|
|1999||PGA Championship||Tiger Woods||1 stroke||630,000||72||7,401 yd (6,767 m)|
|2006||PGA Championship||Tiger Woods||5 strokes||1,224,000||72||7,561 yd (6,914 m)|
|2012||Ryder Cup||Team Europe||0||72||7,657 yd (7,002 m)|
- Bolded years are major championships on the PGA Tour.
- (90) denotes the winning margin after a playoff of 18 holes.
- 91 Holes denotes a sudden-death playoff was used after the score was tied following the 18-hole playoff.
2012 Ryder Cup 
Medinah hosted the Ryder Cup in 2012, its first time in the state of Illinois, and the first U.S. venue outside the eastern time zone since 1971. The full tournament took place between September 25th - 30th (including pre-match competitions, press conferences and media activities), with the main competition taking place from September 28-30 on Course 3.
|Gold||78.3 / 152||433||192||412||463||536||509||617||201||432||3765||578||440||476||245||609||390||482||193||449||3862||7657|
|Silver||75.3 / 147||383||172||386||432||503||454||585||177||415||3507||567||389||463||189||550||331||434||156||421||3500||7007|
|White||73.6 / 142||357||151||365||401||488||432||571||153||397||3315||555||374||452||151||531||308||413||132||398||3314||6629|
- "Golf Courses: Course 1". Medinah Country Club. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Course Rating and Slope Database™: Medinah Country Club - #1". USGA. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Golf Courses: Course 2". Medinah Country Club. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Course Rating and Slope Database™: Medinah Country Club - #2". USGA. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- Updated by Rees Jones
- "Golf courses: Course 3 scorecard". Medinah Country Club. Retrieved August 14, 2012.
- "Course Rating and Slope Database™: Medinah Country Club - #3". USGA. Retrieved August 14, 2012.