Mediterranean Games

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Mediterranean Games
Mediterranean games logo.gif
Flag of the games
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951 logo.jpg
Alexandria Mediterranean Games 1951
First event 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt
Occur every four years
Last event 2013, Mersin, Turkey
Purpose Sports for the Mediterranean
President Mr. Amar Addadi (ALG)
Website International Mediterranean Games Committee

The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held every four years, mainly for nations bordering the Mediterranean Sea, where Europe, Africa and Asia meet. The idea was proposed at the 1948 Summer Olympics by Muhammed Taher Pasha, chairman of the Egyptian Olympic Committee, and they were first held in 1951. The first 10 games took place always one year preceding the Olympics. However, from 1993 on, they were held the year following the Olympic games. The Games were inaugurated on October 1951, in Alexandria, Egypt, in honour of Muhammed Taher Pasha, the man to whom their inspiration is owed, with contests being held in 13 sports along with the participation of 734 athletes from 10 countries. Ever since, they take place every 4 years without any interruption. In 1955, in Barcelona, during the II Games, the set up was decided of a Supervisory and Controlling Body for the Games, a kind of Executive Committee. The decisions were finally materialized on June 16, 1961, and the said Body was named, upon a Greek notion, ICMG (International Committee for the Mediterranean Games).

In 1949 an unofficial event was held in Istanbul, Turkey.[1]

Description[edit]

The Mediterranean Games present an opportunity for peaceful athletic competition between youth from different continents, cultures and religions — all bound together via a common Olympic Ideal, which has sprung from the ancient Mediterranean country of Greece, the cradle of contemporary western civilization. A chance is thus given, through these games, for young people to get to know each other, appreciate each other, reaffirm or strengthen their ties in a climate of genial rivalry.

The Mediterranean Games, in terms of the preparation and composition of the National Delegation, are held under the auspices of the International Olympic Committee and the Hellenic Olympic Committee (HOC). However, their establishment too must be credited to the HOC, for it held a leading part in their being founded despite all difficulties.

Athens is the permanent seat of the ICMG (regardless of who the President might be) and the Committee’s General Secretary is Greek. This comes as a further tribute to Greece, highlighting its leading role with regard to the function and strengthening of the institution. Except that Greece bailed out of its 2013 Mediterranean Games commitment when the two cities of Volos and Larissa were supposed to host the 2013 edition of the Games. But because of Greece's financial troubles, they had to give that up and the 2013 honors went instead to Turkey, with the city of Mersin rescuing the 2013 edition of the Games instead.

The logo of the games, also referred to as the "Mediterranean Olympics", is composed of three white rings symbolically representing Africa, Asia, and Europe — the three continents that border the Mediterranean Sea. This logo has been used since the Split games in 1979, for which it was devised and afterwards accepted for the whole Games. During the closing ceremony, the flag of the games is transferred to the country of the city chosen for the organisation of the next Mediterranean Games.

Participating countries[edit]

Participating countries

At present, 24 countries participate in the games:[2]

National Olympic Committees within the Olympic Movement bordering the Mediterranean Sea which are not permitted to participate are Israel.

Allen Guttman in The Games Must Go On argued that Israel's exclusion is both antisemitic and politically motivated due to antagonism towards Israel by the participating Arab nations. The IOC's Avery Brundage was not supportive of Israel's desire to compete, saying: "I cannot understand why anyone wants to go where he is not wanted". The International Amateur Athletics Federation pushed the issue at the 1959 Mediterranean Games in Beirut by refusing to grant permission to hold an athletics competition unless Israel were allowed to compete. Lebanese games organiser Gabriel Gemayel conceded to this, but sidestepped the ruling by holding a parallel Lebanese Games comprising athletics events between the present nations alongside the official Mediterranean Games competitions.[3]

There are countries not bordering the Mediterranean Sea which nonetheless participate: Andorra, San Marino, Serbia and Macedonia.

The Hellenic Olympic Committee has suggested that nine more countries that do not satisfy geographic criteria to be allowed to participate, such as Bulgaria, Portugal and some Arab countries.[citation needed]

Flag[edit]

The symbol of the Mediterranean Games consists of three rings representing Asia, Africa and Europe, the three continents involved in this competition.[4] The rings dissolve in a wavy line in their lower part, as if they were immersed in the Mediterranean Sea. During the closing ceremony, the flag is transferred to the country of the city chosen to host the next Mediterranean Games.[4]

Host cities[edit]

No inland city has ever hosted the games. All but one of the host cities to date have been situated on the Mediterranean coast. (Casablanca is located on the Atlantic coast.) Recently, six cities signed an official declaration for joint candidacy for hosting the 2021 Mediterranean Games. The following cities are :

Cities that have hosted the Games

Below together the official numbers in sequence

No Year Host Nations Competitors Sports Events Top Country On Medal Table
Men Women Total
I 1951 Egypt Alexandria 10 734 --- 734 14 91  Italy
II 1955 Spain Barcelona 10 1135 --- 1135 20 102  France
III 1959 Lebanon Beirut 11 792 --- 792 17 106  France
IV 1963 Italy Naples 13 1057 --- 1057 17 93  Italy
V 1967 Tunisia Tunis 12 1211 38 1249 14 93  Italy
VI 1971 Turkey İzmir 14 1235 127 1362 18 137  Italy
VII 1975 Algeria Algiers 15 2095 349 2444 19 160  Italy
VIII 1979 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Split 14 2009 399 2408 26 192  Yugoslavia
IX 1983 Morocco Casablanca 16 1845 335 2180 20 162  Italy
X 1987 Syria Latakia 18 1845 335 2180 19 162  Italy
XI 1991 Greece Athens 18 2176 586 2762 24 217  Italy
XII 1993 France Languedoc-Roussillon 20 1994 604 2598 24 217  France
XIII 1997 Italy Bari 21 2195 804 2999 27 234  Italy
XIV 2001 Tunisia Tunis 23[5] 2002 1039 3041 23 230  France
XV 2005 Spain Almería 21 2134 1080 3214 27 258  Italy
XVI 2009 Italy Pescara 23 2183 1185 3368 28 244  Italy
XVII 2013 Turkey Mersin 24 2994 27 264  Italy
XVIII 2017 Spain Tarragona Future Event

All-time medal table 1951–2013[edit]

Rank Team Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Italy 820 686 647 2153[6]
2 France 604 549 492 1645[6]
3 Turkey 310 214 239 763[6]
4 Spain 295 413 500 1208[6]
5 Serbia* 228 210 220 658[6]
6 Greece 180 233 317 730[6]
7 Egypt 124 183 215 522[6]
8 Tunisia 77 80 134 291[6]
9 Algeria 65 55 108 227[6]
10 Morocco 59 74 94 227[6]
11 Croatia 41 58 66 165[6]
12 Slovenia 40 39 57 136[6]
13 Syria 26 37 73 136[6]
14 United Arab Republic 23 21 30 74[6]
15 Lebanon 13 22 44 79[6]
16 Cyprus 10 14 12 36[6]
17 Albania 8 17 18 43[6]
18 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 6 16 25[6]
19 Montenegro 3 3 6 12[6]
20 Libya 2 1 12 15[6]
21 Malta 2 4 3 9[6]
22 San Marino 1 9 5 15[6]
23 Macedonia 0 1 4 5[6]
24 Monaco 0 1 1 2[6]
25 Andorra 0 0 0 0[6]
Total 2686 2686 3023 8395

Competitions[edit]

33 sports were presented in the Mediterranean Games history.

Sport Years
Archery pictogram.svg Archery since 1971
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics since 1951
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton since 2013
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball since 1951
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball since 2005
Bocce pictogram.svg Bocce since 1997
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing since 1951
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing since 1979
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling since 1955
Diving pictogram.svg Diving since 1951
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian since 1955
Sport Years
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing since 1951
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey since 1955
Football pictogram.svg Football since 1951
Golf pictogram.svg Golf since 1983
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics since 1951
Handball pictogram.svg Handball since 1967
Judo pictogram.svg Judo since 1971
Karate pictogram.svg Karate since 1993
Roller hockey pictogram.svgRoller hockey since 1955
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing since 1951
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby union since 1955
Sport Years
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing since 1955
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting since 1951
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming since 1951
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis since 1971
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo since 2013
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis since 1963
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball since 1959
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo since 1951
Waterskiing since 2009
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting since 1951
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling since 1951

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mediterranean Games". gbrathletics.com. Retrieved 21 December 2012. "The Mediterranean Games were first held in 1951, although an unofficial Games was previously held in 1949." 
  2. ^ Participating countries
  3. ^ The games must go on: Avery Brundage and the Olympic movement, Allen Guttmann, page 225.
  4. ^ a b "Mediterranean Games History". Mediterranean Games Site. 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  5. ^ http://www.cijm.org.gr/images/stories/pdf/JM2001.pdf
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y CIJM: Medal Tables per Country

External links[edit]