Mediterranean Region, Turkey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the geographical region. For the statistical region within Turkey, see Mediterranean Region (statistical).
Mediterranean Region
Akdeniz Bölgesi
Region of Turkey
Location of Mediterranean Region
Country Turkey
Area
 • Total 122,927 km2 (47,462 sq mi)

The Mediterranean Region (Turkish: Akdeniz Bölgesi) is a geographical region of Turkey.

It is bordered by the Aegean Region to the west, the Central Anatolia Region to the north, the Eastern Anatolia Region to the northeast, the Southeastern Anatolia Region to the east, Syria to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Subdivion[edit]

  • Adana Section (Turkish: Adana Bölümü)
    • Çukurova - Taurus Moutains Area (Turkish: Çukurova - Toros Yöresi)
    • Antakya - Kahramanmaraş Area (Turkish: Antakya - Kahramanmaraş Yöresi)
  • Antalya Section (Turkish: Antalya Bölümü)
    • Antalya Area (Turkish: Antalya Yöresi)
    • Göller Area (Turkish: Göller Yöresi)
    • Taşeli - Mut Area (Turkish: Taşeli - Mut Yöresi)
    • Teke Area (Turkish: Teke Yöresi)

Ecoregions[edit]

Terrestrial[edit]

Palearctic[edit]

Temperate grasslands, savannas and shrublands[edit]
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub[edit]

Provinces[edit]

Provinces that are entirely in the Mediterranean Region:

Provinces that are mostly in the Mediterranean Region:

Provinces that are partially in the Mediterranean Region:

Geography[edit]

Mediterranean Region is a mountainous region. Toros Mountains, a mountain chain from west to east, covers most of the region. Another chain is Amonos Mountains which run from north to south in the extreme east of the region. The mountains run in parallel to sea and in most places the mountains meet the sea except in coastal plains. The coastal plains were formed in the lower courses of the rivers. The most important coastal plain is Çukurova (Cilicia of the antiquity) in the eastern part of the region. It was formed by three rivers, Berdan, Seyhan and Ceyhan. Main lakes of the region, like Lake Beyşehir, Lake Eğridir and Lake Burdur which form a closed basin are in the north west of the region.

The capital of each province is a city bearing the name of the province except Antakya which is the capital city of Hatay Province.

However, as the provinces are the administrative units their border lines do not exactly match that of the region. Thus the region includes also the eastern part of Muğla Province as well as southern parts of the neighbouring provinces like Konya Province, Karaman Province and Niğde Province. On the other hand, northern and eastern parts of Kahramanmaraş Province are not included in Mediterranean region.

Climate[edit]

Antalya
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
227
 
 
15
6
 
 
139
 
 
15
6
 
 
100
 
 
18
8
 
 
61
 
 
22
11
 
 
32
 
 
26
14
 
 
9
 
 
31
19
 
 
6
 
 
35
22
 
 
5
 
 
34
22
 
 
16
 
 
31
19
 
 
86
 
 
27
15
 
 
172
 
 
21
10
 
 
269
 
 
16
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Turkish State Meteorology [1]

The Mediterranean Region has a Mediterranean climate at the coast, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters and a semi-arid continental climate in the interior with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

See also[edit]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]

Coordinates: 37°00′N 34°00′E / 37.000°N 34.000°E / 37.000; 34.000