Mediterranean Region, Turkey

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Mediterranean Region
Akdeniz Bölgesi
Region of Turkey
Location of Mediterranean Region
Country Turkey
Area
 • Total 90,348 km2 (34,884 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,423,231
 • Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)
Provinces in the Mediterranean Region

The Mediterranean Region (Turkish: Akdeniz Bölgesi, Kurdish: Herema Mediterian) is one of Turkey's seven geographical region (bölge). It is bordered by the Aegean Region to the west, the Central Anatolia Region to the north, the Eastern Anatolia Region to the northeast, the Southeastern Anatolia Region to the east, Syria to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

Geography[edit]

Mediterranean Region is a mountainous region. Toros Mountains, a mountain chain from west to east, covers most of the region. Another chain is Amonos Mountains which run from north to south in the extreme east of the region. The mountains run in parallel to sea and in most places the mountains meet the sea except in coastal plains. The coastal plains were formed in the lower courses of the rivers. The most important coastal plain is Çukurova (Cilicia of the antiquity) in the eastern part of the region. It was formed by three rivers, Berdan, Seyhan and Ceyhan. Main lakes of the region, like Lake Beyşehir, Lake Eğridir and Lake Burdur which form a closed basin are in the north west of the region.

Provinces[edit]

There are 8 provinces in the region.

The capital of each province is a city bearing the name of the province except Antakya which is the capital city of Hatay Province.

However, as the provinces are the administrative units their border lines do not exactly match that of the region. Thus the region includes also the eastern part of Muğla Province as well as southern parts of the neighbouring provinces like Konya Province, Karaman Province and Niğde Province. On the other hand, northern and eastern parts of Kahramanmaraş Province are not included in Mediterranean region.

Demographics[edit]

The population is concentrated in the coastal plains. The population of the province capitals are as follows.

Name Province Population
(as of 2012)
Adana Adana Province 1 636 229
Antakya Hatay Province 206 960
Antalya Antalya Province 1 073 794
Burdur Burdur Province 72 377
Isparta Isparta Province 198 385
Kahramanmaraş Kahramanmaraş Province 443 575
Mersin Mersin Province 876 958
Osmaniye Osmaniye Province 209 255

Other cities with a population over 100 000 are;

Name Province Population
(as of 2012)
Alanya Antalya Province 104 573
İskenderun Hatay Province 184 833
Tarsus Mersin Province 245 671

Climate[edit]

Antalya
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
227
 
15
6
 
 
139
 
15
6
 
 
100
 
18
8
 
 
61
 
22
11
 
 
32
 
26
14
 
 
9
 
31
19
 
 
6
 
35
22
 
 
5
 
34
22
 
 
16
 
31
19
 
 
86
 
27
15
 
 
172
 
21
10
 
 
269
 
16
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Turkish State Meteorology [1]

The Mediterranean Region has a Mediterranean climate at the coast, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters and a semi-arid continental climate in the interior with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.

See also[edit]

Images[edit]

Coordinates: 37°00′N 34°00′E / 37.000°N 34.000°E / 37.000; 34.000

  1. ^ [1]