Mediterranean Region, Turkey
|Region of Turkey|
|• Total||90,348 km2 (34,884 sq mi)|
|• Density||100/km2 (270/sq mi)|
The Mediterranean Region (Turkish: Akdeniz Bölgesi, Kurdish: Herema Mediterian) is one of Turkey's seven geographical region (bölge). It is bordered by the Aegean Region to the west, the Central Anatolia Region to the north, the Eastern Anatolia Region to the northeast, the Southeastern Anatolia Region to the east, Syria to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
Mediterranean Region is a mountainous region. Toros Mountains, a mountain chain from west to east, covers most of the region. Another chain is Amonos Mountains which run from north to south in the extreme east of the region. The mountains run in parallel to sea and in most places the mountains meet the sea except in coastal plains. The coastal plains were formed in the lower courses of the rivers. The most important coastal plain is Çukurova (Cilicia of the antiquity) in the eastern part of the region. It was formed by three rivers, Berdan, Seyhan and Ceyhan. Main lakes of the region, like Lake Beyşehir, Lake Eğridir and Lake Burdur which form a closed basin are in the north west of the region.
There are 8 provinces in the region.
- Adana Province
- Antalya Province
- Burdur Province
- Hatay Province
- Isparta Province
- Kahramanmaraş Province
- Mersin Province
- Osmaniye Province
The capital of each province is a city bearing the name of the province except Antakya which is the capital city of Hatay Province.
However, as the provinces are the administrative units their border lines do not exactly match that of the region. Thus the region includes also the eastern part of Muğla Province as well as southern parts of the neighbouring provinces like Konya Province, Karaman Province and Niğde Province. On the other hand, northern and eastern parts of Kahramanmaraş Province are not included in Mediterranean region.
The population is concentrated in the coastal plains. The population of the province capitals are as follows.
(as of 2012)
|Adana||Adana Province||1 636 229|
|Antakya||Hatay Province||206 960|
|Antalya||Antalya Province||1 073 794|
|Burdur||Burdur Province||72 377|
|Isparta||Isparta Province||198 385|
|Kahramanmaraş||Kahramanmaraş Province||443 575|
|Mersin||Mersin Province||876 958|
|Osmaniye||Osmaniye Province||209 255|
Other cities with a population over 100 000 are;
(as of 2012)
|Alanya||Antalya Province||104 573|
|İskenderun||Hatay Province||184 833|
|Tarsus||Mersin Province||245 671|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
The Mediterranean Region has a Mediterranean climate at the coast, with hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters and a semi-arid continental climate in the interior with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters.