Medora, North Dakota

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Medora, North Dakota
City
Business District of Medora
Business District of Medora
Motto: "North Dakota's #1 Destination"[1]
Location of Medora, North Dakota
Location of Medora, North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500Coordinates: 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Billings
Area[2]
 • Total 0.37 sq mi (0.96 km2)
 • Land 0.36 sq mi (0.93 km2)
 • Water 0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation 2,267 ft (691 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 112
 • Estimate (2013[4]) 129
 • Density 311.1/sq mi (120.1/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 58645
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-51900
GNIS feature ID 1035000[5]
Website The City of Medora, North Dakota

Medora is a city in Billings County, North Dakota, United States. It is the county seat of, and only incorporated place in Billings County.[6] The population was 112 at the 2010 census.[7] It is part of the Dickinson Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Antoine Morès-A 02.jpg

Medora was founded in 1883 along the transcontinental rail line of the Northern Pacific Railway by French nobleman Marquis de Mores, who named the city after his wife Medora von Hoffman.[8] Marquis de Mores wanted to ship refrigerated meat to Chicago via the railroad. He built a meat packing plant for this purpose and a house named the Chateau de Mores, which is now a museum.[9]

In the evening of 7 April 1903, Theodore Roosevelt visited Medora on a presidential tour of the West. Most of the Badlands' residents turned out to greet him on his whistle stop.[10] Roosevelt later recalled that “the entire population of the Badlands down to the smallest baby had gathered to meet me… They all felt I was their man, their old friend; and even if they had been hostile to me in the old days when we were divided by the sinister bickering and jealousies and hatreds of all frontier communities, they now firmly believed they had always been my staunch friends and admirers. I shook hands with them all and…I only regretted that I could not spend three hours with them."[11] A local hotel changed its name that same year to the Rough Riders Hotel. In 1986 the hotel was purchased and operated by the Theodore Roosevelt Medora Foundation.[12]

The city of Medora is also home to the popular Medora Musical and the city has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in the state.

Geography[edit]

Medora is located at 46°54′51″N 103°31′30″W / 46.91417°N 103.52500°W / 46.91417; -103.52500 (46.914258, -103.524942).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.37 square miles (0.96 km2), of which, 0.36 square miles (0.93 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1960 133
1970 129 −3.0%
1980 94 −27.1%
1990 101 7.4%
2000 100 −1.0%
2010 112 12.0%
Est. 2013 129 15.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2013 Estimate[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 112 people, 56 households, and 27 families residing in the city. The population density was 311.1 inhabitants per square mile (120.1 /km2). There were 102 housing units at an average density of 283.3 per square mile (109.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.8% White, 1.8% Native American, 3.6% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races.

There were 56 households of which 10.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 1.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 1.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 51.8% were non-families. 46.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.84 and the average family size was 2.63.

The median age in the city was 45.3 years. 11.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 10% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 32.1% were from 45 to 64; and 18.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.3% male and 52.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 100 people, 51 households, and 23 families residing in the city. The population density was 271.7 people per square mile (104.4/km²). There were 117 housing units at an average density of 317.9 per square mile (122.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.00% of the population.

There were 51 households out of which 21.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.4% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 54.9% were non-families. 51.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.96 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.0% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 26.0% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 96.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,563, and the median income for a family was $61,250. Males had a median income of $26,042 versus $21,094 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,399. There were no families and 4.8% of the population living below the poverty line, including no under eighteens and 15.0% of those over 64.

Points of interest[edit]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Medora has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[16]

References[edit]

External links[edit]