Medical wiki

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A medical wiki is a wiki, or collaboratively-editable website, that focuses on medical information. A number of high-visibility medical wikis have been created; these usually take the form of an encyclopedia, with a separate article for each medical term. Notable medical wikis include AskDrWiki, Ganfyd, Radiopaedia, WikiDoc and WikEM. Some of these websites, such as WikiDoc and Radiopaedia, are editable by anyone, while others, such as Ganfyd, have editing restricted to professionals. The majority of current medicine-focused wikis have content available only in English.

Additionally, the extremely popular general-knowledge wiki encyclopedia Wikipedia has a significant amount of health and medical information.

The majority of current medical wikis run on the wiki software MediaWiki, the same software used by Wikipedia. One exception is Radiopaedia, which uses custom software.

AskDrWiki[edit]

AskDrWiki
Web address www.askdrwiki.com
Commercial? No
Type of site
Expert medical wiki project
Registration Required with credentialing
Owner Open Access Medical Informatics Group
Created by Kenny Civello, Brian Jefferson
Launched August 2006
Current status November 2013: Had 2,111 pages and 1,408 content pages

AskDrWiki is a medical wiki encyclopedia created by Cleveland Clinic Cardiology Fellows Kenny Civello and Brian Jefferson. The project was started as a response to the lack of free online medical information found in several community hospitals and was created to form a repository of cardiovascular information that could be readily accessed for reference. It was launched in August 2006. The site now holds medical review articles, clinical notes, pearls, and medical images. The wiki allows anyone with a medical background to contribute or edit medical articles, of which there are over 2,000 as of 2013.

The purpose of the site is to provide reliable and easily accessed health information for the medical community including physicians, nurses, and medical students. The information published on the site is not meant to supersede medical training but to serve as a repository of medical review articles to give medical professionals an online source where they can review medical topics. The website is similar to Wikipedia because it runs on MediaWiki software allowing users to add and edit articles, but differs in that all users must be credentialed based on their medical training before they are allowed to publish. Its goal is not to compete with Wikipedia regarding consumer heath-related topics, but to serve as an expert medical wiki and provide a source of up-to-date medical information for healthcare providers.

In December 2006, AskDrWiki was referenced in a British Medical Journal article, "How Web 2.0 is Changing Medicine",[1] as one of the early adopters of using video hosting sites such as YouTube and Google Video to host medical videos. It was also discussed in a 2007 Nature Medicine article on medical wikis.[2] AskDrWiki has been featured in other media including The Plain Dealer,[3] Medical Economics[4] and The American Medical Association News.[5]

Ganfyd[edit]

Main article: Ganfyd
Ganfyd
Web address ganfyd.org
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki
Registration Required
Available in English
Launched November 2005
Revenue nil
Current status November 2013: Had 17,293 pages and 8,374 content pages

Ganfyd is a medical wiki community and encyclopedia,[6] created in November 2005 by a group of doctors working in the United Kingdom. Only registered medical practitioners or persons working under their direction, and a small number of invited non-medical specialists, may edit Ganfyd articles. The intention was to make the material reliable enough for professional medical use. As of 2013 it has over 8000 content pages.

Radiopaedia[edit]

Main article: Radiopaedia
Radiopaedia
Radiopaedia org logo small.jpg
Web address radiopaedia.org
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki
Registration Required
Available in English
Owner UBM medica network
Launched December 2005
Current status November 2013: Had 6187 articles with 13522 images

Radiopaedia is a bespoke wiki-based international collaborative radiology educational resource with reference articles, radiology images, and patient cases.[7] It is aimed at registrars, residents and consultant radiology staff.[8] An iPhone/iPad application was released in 2009.

Users of the site are free to add and edit content as well as to maintain their own case library. In an attempt to reduce vandalism and peer-review content, a panel of section editors are appointed from time to time to review changes and ensure that the presented material is as accurate and relevant as possible.

WikiDoc[edit]

WikiDoc
Web address wikidoc.org
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki
Registration Yes
Owner WikiDoc Foundation
Created by C. Michael Gibson
Launched December 2005
Current status November 2013: Had 205,019 pages and 109,199 content pages.

WikiDoc (alternatively spelled Wiki Doc) is a medical wiki encyclopedia[6] where contributors are not required to have credentials in a biomedical field. WikiDoc was started in December 2005 by C. Michael Gibson, M.S., M.D., of Harvard Medical School.[9][10] The original content came from Dr. Gibson's chief residency notes, board review notes, and content from a variety of copyleft sources including The National Library of Medicine, the Centers for Disease Control, Wikipedia and Ask Dr Wiki.[11] WikiDoc differs from Wikipedia in the following ways:[12] it is oriented more to medical professionals, and has medical news, expanded images and videos, greatly expanded differential diagnoses in a list format and a differential diagnosis project, a toolbar to search internet on the right hand side to gather articles, guidelines and slides, a toolbar on the left to see what page most people looked at next, a board review course (in Beta testing), and editors who watch over the content.

There is bidirectional flow of content between WikiDoc and Wikipedia.

WikEM[edit]

WikEM
Web address www.wikem.org
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki
Registration No
Available in English
Owner WikEM Foundation
Created by Ross Donaldson
Launched 2009
Current status September 2014: Had 4,354 pages

WikEM, The Global Emergency Medicine Wiki is a wiki-based website and point-of-care phone application for emergency medicine clinicians.[13] WikEM started as a database created from notes and checklists passed from each resident class to the next at the Harbor-UCLA emergency medicine residency program.[14][15] WikEM was launched in its current form in 2009.[16]

WikiLectures[edit]

WikiLectures
WikiLectures.png
Screenshot of WikiLectures.eu
Web address WikiLectures.eu
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki for medical students
Available in English, Czech
Owner Medical Faculties Network
Current status November 2013: Had 5,830 pages and 702 content pages

WikiLectures is a collaborative project focused on creating and storing medical study materials. It is developed by students and teachers from various Czech and Slovak medical faculties. WikiLectures is part of the project MEFANET, a network linking medical schools in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.[17]

Editors of WikiLectures take care of promoting the authors, editorial process contributions, technical support, WikiLectures structure and ensure the safety of the project. WikiLectures contain articles, notes, prepared exam topics, guides for practitioners, and study books. WikiLectures are constantly growing.[18] The articles are written by medical students, faculty professionals and doctors. The administration and security is provided by the editorial board. Articles in WikiLectures are regularly checked by editors and experts in various branches of medicine. Articles checked by teachers are always marked by a special sign.

Defunct[edit]

Medcyclopaedia[edit]

Main article: Medcyclopaedia

The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging[19] was a wiki encyclopedia of medical imaging used in radiology and radiography.[20] Its online version is called Medcyclopaedia.[21] As of December 2012, the site no longer exists.

The encyclopedia was the result of a collaboration of the Nycomed Amersham Intercontinental Continuing Education in Radiology Institute (NICER Institute), Sweden, Department of Radiology, Lund University, Sweden, and Amersham Health, Oslo, Norway. It was provided and copyrighted by the healthcare unit of General Electric corporation. Retrieval of images (other than thumbnails) required registration.

The website contained 3,600 pages.

Medpedia[edit]

Medpedia
Web address Medpedia.com
Commercial? Yes
Type of site
Wiki
Registration Required
Available in English
Owner Medpedia Inc., Ooga Labs
Launched 17 February 2009
Revenue Lost money
Alexa rank
positive decrease 2,211,327 (April 2014)[22]
Current status Closed January 2013

Medpedia was a collaborative project launched on 17 February 2009. Its aim was to create an open access medical wiki encyclopedia[23] in association with Harvard Medical School, Stanford School of Medicine, Berkeley School of Public Health, University of Michigan Medical School, the United Kingdom's National Health Service (NHS)[24] as well as other contributors.[25] Content was licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC-BY-SA) license and ran on modified MediaWiki software. Harvard Medical School did not have a role in, nor was it responsible for, the content that appeared in the “wiki” section of Medpedia.

Anyone with medical knowledge was welcome to become part of Medpedia's community. However, to qualify to edit or contribute to the main content, approved editors needed an M.D., D.O., or Ph.D. in a biomedical field. Others could contribute by writing in suggestions for changes to the site using the "Make a suggestion" link at the top of each page. An approved editor could review and potentially add submitted suggestions.[26]

Medpedia was composed of three primary components:

  1. A collaborative encyclopedia (also referred to as the "knowledge base")
  2. A Network & Directory for health professionals and organizations
  3. Communities of Interest where medical professionals and non-professionals come together to discuss topics of interest.

A 2012 literature review of 50 academic journal articles about the use of social media by clinicians[27] remarked that Medpedia had "launched in 2009 with substantial institutional backing" but that the authors "did not find articles reporting success metrics" for it.

Around January 2013 the site abruptly closed. Medpedia’s founder James Currier acknowledged that this was permanent in a blog post in July 2013.[28]

WikiSurgery[edit]

WikiSurgery
Commercial? No
Type of site
Wiki
Available in English
Owner International Journal of Surgery
Launched September 2006
Current status November 2013: Not operating

WikiSurgery is a collaboratively-built online encyclopedia hosted by the International Journal of Surgery. As of November 2013, the site's homepage is still up but none of the rest of the website is viewable.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "How Web 2.0 is Changing Medicine"
  2. ^ Keim, B (Mar 2007). "WikiMedia.". Nature Medicine 13 (3): 231–3. doi:10.1038/nm0307-231. PMID 17342106. 
  3. ^ A Wikipedia-style site for Medical Information
  4. ^ Wiki for Physicians Gains Foothold
  5. ^ Physician Wikis:Do-it-Yourself Textbooks
  6. ^ a b Ginn S (August 2010). "Evidence based mental health and Web 2.0". Evid Based Ment Health 13 (3): 69–72. doi:10.1136/ebmh.13.3.69. PMID 20682812. 
  7. ^ "Radiopaedia.org, the wiki-based collaborative Radiology resource". 
  8. ^ "Radiopaedia: a wiki for radiology". ScienceRoll. 
  9. ^ WikiDoc Editorial Board
  10. ^ Daniel S. Mojon; Melissa L. Rethlefsen; Rothman, David J. (2008). Internet Cool Tools for Physicians. Berlin: Springer. p. 114. ISBN 3-540-76381-3. 
  11. ^ Acknowledgement and Attribution Regarding Sources of Content, WikiDoc
  12. ^ [1]
  13. ^ "WikEM". www.wikem.org. OpenEM Foundation. April 29, 2014. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  14. ^ Castro, Harvey (April 2010). "Wikipedia and the iPhone". Emergency Medicine News (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.). Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  15. ^ Lewis, Tom (January 10, 2013). "WikEM app brings free emergency medicine notes to all". iMedicalApps. iMedicalApps. Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  16. ^ Castro, Harvey (April 2010). "Wikipedia and the iPhone". Emergency Medicine News (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.). Retrieved June 23, 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.mefanet.eu/index-en.php?pg=wikilectures
  18. ^ http://www.wikilectures.eu/index.php/Special:GlobalStats
  19. ^ The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging. 8 vols, Lund, Sweden: NICER Institute/ISIS Medical Media, 2001. ISBN 82-91942-00-5. Hardcover
  20. ^ Book review: "The Encyclopaedia of Medical Imaging. 8 vols", doi:10.1148/radiol.2272032510
  21. ^ Medcyclopaedia - Medcyclopaedia 2007/08
  22. ^ "Medpedia.com Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 2014-04-01. 
  23. ^ "Medpedia Launches Giant Wikipedia-Like Medical And Health Encyclopedia". medicalnewstoday.com. 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  24. ^ Cross, Michael (2008-07-24). "NHS Choices will need to justify its £80m price tag". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  25. ^ Moore, Matthew (2008-07-23). "Medpedia, the medical Wikipedia, allows patients to diagnose themselves". London: telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  26. ^ Nye, Calley (2008-07-22). "MedPedia Is Wikifying the Medical Search Space". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  27. ^ von Muhlen, M., & Ohno-Machado, L. (2012). Reviewing social media use by clinicians. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association : JAMIA, 19(5), 777–81. doi:10.1136/amiajnl-2012-000990 open access publication - free to read
  28. ^ "Medpedia, the Medical Wikipedia, is Dead. And we Missed its Funeral… Laika's MedLibLog 12 July 2013". 

External links[edit]