Medveđa

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For other places with the same name, see Medveđa (disambiguation).
Medveđa
Медвеђа
Municipality and Town
Coat of arms of Medveđa
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Medveđa within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Medveđa within Serbia
Coordinates: 42°50′N 21°35′E / 42.833°N 21.583°E / 42.833; 21.583Coordinates: 42°50′N 21°35′E / 42.833°N 21.583°E / 42.833; 21.583
Country  Serbia
District Jablanica
Settlements 44
Government
 • Mayor Slobodan Drašković
Area[1]
 • Municipality 524 km2 (202 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 2.841
 • Municipality 7.296
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 16240
Area code +381 16
Car plates LE
Website www.medvedja.org.rs
Medveđa
Municipality
of Medveđa

Flag of Serbia.svg

Medveđa (Serbian Cyrillic: Медвеђа, pronounced [ˈmɛdvɛdʑa]) is a town and municipality in Jablanica District of Serbia. According to the 2011 census, the municipality of Medveđa has a population of 7,296 people, while the town has a population of 2,841.

Name & History[edit]

Its name is derived from the Serbian word medved (медвед) ("bear" in English), hence the full meaning of the name would be "the place of the bears".

When the territory was part of the Roman Empire, the town had the name of Idimum and the status of mansia.

Architectural debris dating to the 4th century AD lay at various locations of the town, as it was a transitory zone of Upper Moesia, travel and postal stations are among the finds.[3]

Yugoslav Partisans killed approximately 200 people in Medveđa after taking the town in 1944.[4]

In the Albanian language, town is called Medvegjë.

Settlements[edit]

Aside from the town of Medveđa, the municipality includes the following settlements:

Economic Trends[edit]

One of the least developed municipalities in Serbia. It has many natural advantages for tourism development, because it is near the spa resort with dozens of mineral springs in Sijarinska Spa, and Tulare. On its territory there are mineral resources for mining, semi-precious stones and marble-onyx. The most promising branches of industry is mining, in mine and flotation "Lece", within the Group FARMAKOM, quality products. Great prospects for development in agriculture has, and industries such as livestock (sheep, goats, cows) and fruit (plums, pears, apples, quince) and the timber industry and processing.

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic map of the Medveđa municipality.

Ethnic groups in the municipality[edit]

In 1991, the population of the Medveđa municipality was composed of: [1]

In 2002, the population of the Medveđa municipality was composed of:

  • Serbs: 7,163 (66.57%)
  • Albanians: 2,816 (26.17%)
  • Montenegrins: 372 (3.46%)
  • Romani: 108 (1%)

Ethnic groups in the town[edit]

In 2002, the population of the Medveđa town was composed of:

  • Serbs: 2,460 (87.36%)
  • Albanians: 203 (7.22%)
  • Roma: 97 (3.45%)

Settlements by ethnic majority[edit]

Settlements with absolute or relative Serb majority are: Medveđa, Bogunovac, Borovac, Varadin, Velika Braina, Donji Bučumet, Donji Gajtan, Donja Lapaštica, Drence, Đulekare, Lece, Maćedonce, Maćedonce (Retkocersko), Medevce, Mrkonje, Negosavlje, Petrilje, Poroštica, Pusto Šilovo, Ravna Banja, Retkocer, Rujkovac, Sijarinska Banja, Srednji Bučumet, Stubla, Tulare, Crni Vrh, and Čokotin.

Settlements with absolute or relative Albanian majority population are: Gornja Lapaštica, Grbavce, Kapit, Svirce, Sijarina, Stara Banja and Tupale.

Settlements with absolute or relative Montenegrins majority are: Mala Braina and Marovac.

Settlements with absolute or relative Undeclared majority are Sponce and Vrapce.

Politics[edit]

Seats in the municipality parliament won in 2004 local elections: [2]

  • Coalition for Medveđa (11)
  • Socialist Party of Serbia (7)
  • Democratic Party of Serbia (6)
  • Party for Democratic Changes (6)
  • Party for Democratic Activity (6)
  • Serbian Renewal Movement (3)
  • Serbian Radical Party (2)

Between 1999 and 2001, an ethnic Albanian guerilla organization, known as the "Liberation Army of Preševo, Medveđa and Bujanovac", operated in this region with a goal to secede these three municipalities from Yugoslavia and join them to Kosovo.

References[edit]

External links[edit]