Meelick, County Galway

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There are other places called Meelick in County Clare and County Mayo.

Meelick (Míleac in Irish) is a townland on the River Shannon in Ireland. It lies some 4 km southeast of Eyrecourt in County Galway.

Oldest Catholic Church in use[edit]

Meelick has the oldest Irish Roman Catholic church with continuous use since 1414 AD. [1] Originally founded as a Franciscan abbey, the church and sacristy are still in use today. The ruins include traces of the transept chapel, friary and small mill. Papal permission for Meelick friary was granted by John XXII in 1414. The last friar of Meelick was Fr. Bonaventure Francis Reynolds. When he died in November 1852, there was no friar available to replace him. Since then the church has been maintained for weekly services. The Meelick Triduum still exists in early August when the Franciscans return to their abbey.

Castle[edit]

An Anglo Norman de Burgo (Burke) Castle was erected close to the church, in the fields to the north of the church. The earthworks relating to this castle can still be seen. The logic of a castle in this location is that Meelick was one of the few traditional crossing points where the river Shannon could be forded.

Fishing[edit]

Meelick Lock on the River Shannon

Meelick is also a well-regarded location for fishing, primarily salmon and wild brown trout. [2] The river here is wide (over 1.5 km from bank to bank at its broadest point) and full of islands, weirs, pools and streams. Meelick is a known angling location when the salmon are running and has some varied waters ranging from fast runs to glides and pools to slow deep stretches. There are islands separating an artificial cut on the Co. Offaly bank with the main River Shannon at Meelick on the Co. Galway bank. It has a very small spring salmon run: best time April into mid-May. Summer salmon arrive generally from mid-June in normal years and fishing is best up to mid-July and it is at this time that anglers tend to fish the area. Runs are moderate and variable from year to year. Meelick regularly attracts a large number of fishing tourists from England.

All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship 1887[edit]

In 1887 Meelick were one of the first teams to compete for the All-Ireland Senior Hurling Championship, the first national championship of the game of hurling ever held in Ireland. Representing County Galway in the final, Meelick were defeated by Thurles, representing County Tipperary. The game was held in Birr in County Offaly in front of a crowd of 5,000. Patrick Madden, captain of the Meelick side, is commemorated with a plaque on the gable end of his birthplace and lifetime home in the village.

Meelick-Eyrecourt is the name of the local Gaelic Athletic Association club today.

Meelick Lock[edit]

Meelick lock, also known as Victoria Lock is one of the busiest locks on the Shannon Navigation. It is 43.4m. long by 12m. wide. The rise of water levels is 2.4m. It was built by the Shannon Commissioners in Limestone in the mid 19th. century to address a shallows and change of level in the river. The Engineer in Charge was Thomas Rhodes. The stone used for the Lock was excavated from the new canal bed. The canal serving the new lock was built in 1841 by William MacKenzie Contractor. When the Lock works were being undertaken the workmen went of strike- looking for more pay. They wanted 1s. 3d. per day. The lock was completed in 1843. Originally the gates were made of French oak and planked in northern pine. The Lock replaces the earlier Hamilton Lock on the Cloonaheenogue Canal. [3][4]

Defences[edit]

The river crossing at this location has a long history and is therefore guarded by substantial defences. See reference to the de Burgo castle above. A Martello tower constructed by the Government about 1811 on Moran Island at Clonahenoge on the County Offaly side of the River Shannon was built to protect Leinster from a Napoleonic invasion and to control the river crossing at Keelogue. It reinforced existing defences at Keelogue Battery on Innishirkeigh Island. Island.[5] Unusually the tower is cam-shaped with three gun emplacements. [6]

Annalistic references[edit]

From The Annals of the Four Masters:

  • M1557.7. A hosting was made by the Lord Justice to banish the O'Conors of Offaly from Meelick, after having heard that they were there; and he conveyed and carried great guns to Athlone, and from thence sent them in boats to Meelick, while he himself marched his army through Bealach-an-fhothair, and by Lurgan-Lusmhaighe. He afterwards took Meelick and Breac-chluain, and slew Donough, the son of Colla, together with others of the warders. The entire territory was plundered and ravaged on that occasion. The sons of Melaghlin Balbh were banished from the territory, together with the insurgents. The Lord Justice left an English constable at Meelick, i.e. Master Francis, and took hostages from the two O'Maddens, namely, from Melaghlin Modhardha and Breasal, and other hostages from Mac Coghlan, namely, his son and others: and thus was Siol-Anmchadha taken, and it is not easy to state or enumerate all that was destroyed on that expedition. Three weeks before Lammas that expedition was made.

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References[edit]