|• Mayor||Martin Brütsch (/)|
|• Total||12.08 km2 (4.66 sq mi)|
|Elevation||444 m (1,457 ft)|
|• Density||450/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
It is famous for its charming medieval city. The lower town ("Unterstadt") and upper town ("Oberstadt") are reserved for pedestrians only and connected by two stairways and a steep street ("Steigstrasse").
The name of the town means "Burg on the Sea", the former referring to the castle which, according to a tradition from 1548, was built here in 630 by the Merovingian king Dagobert I.
After World War II, Meersburg remained in the French military occupation area in Germany.
The town is home to two castles, the Old Castle and the New Castle. The Old Castle, according to the Swiss chronicles, was built by the Merovingian King Dagobert I in the 7th Century. It was also the home of the German poetess Annette von Droste-Hülshoff for the last eight years of her life. The Old Castle is open for visitors and features a self-guided tour. The New Castle was built in the 18th Century as a home for the Bishop of Constance. Following the Secularization of 1803, the New Castle was used for a variety of purposes before becoming a museum.
There is an entity of half-timbered houses.
Also two medieval town-gates can be seen, which are the remainders of the fortification.
Meersburg is the northern terminus of a car ferry to Constance. At the opposite side Meersburg is connected to the region by the B 31, a large roadway which leads from Breisach (at the French border) to Lindau (at the Austrian border), bypassing largely all parts of Meersburg. To exit to Meersburg and to the car ferry, take B 33 to Meersburg and Constance.
Meersburg is also reachable by pleasure boats from Lake Constance to Überlingen (westwards), to Lindau, Bregenz (eastwards) and to Constance opposite.
The famous 18th-century doctor Franz Anton Mesmer (from whose name the verb "to mesmerize" derives) died in 1815 in Meersburg and is buried near the old wall of the graveyard about 0.5 kilometres (0.3 miles) northeast of the upper town-gate "Obertor" (see picture beneath).
The theatre critic and philosopher of language Fritz Mauthner whose work influenced the ideas of Wittgenstein and presaged the linguistic turn in twentieth century philosophy lived in Meersburg at Lake Constance from 1911 until his death in 1923 where he edited Bibliothek der Philosophen.
The Meersburg vineyards at the northern banks of Lake Constance are famous within Germany. The rosée "Weissherbst" wine is a specialty of the region.
Meersburg is twinned with:
- Hohnstein, Saxony, Germany – since 1991
- Louveciennes, France – since 1991
- San Gimignano, Italy – since 2002
- [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013.
- Homepage of the Droste-Museum
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Meersburg.|
- The official Meersburg homepage
- Meersburg-Webcam: 2 livecams show the historical marketplace
- Meersburg: history and images (in German)
- Meersburg: Pictures