Meeting house

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Meetinghouse)
Jump to: navigation, search
The Town House of the small Vermont town of Marlboro was built in 1822 to be used for Town Meetings, which had previously been held in private homes. It is still in use today. Nearby is an example of a religious building called a "meeting house", the Marlboro Meeting House Congregational Church.

A meeting house (meetinghouse,[1] meeting-house[2]) describes a building where religious and sometimes public meetings take place.

Meeting-houses in America[edit]

Old Town Friends Meetinghouse in Baltimore

The Colonial meeting house in America was typically the first public building built as new villages sprang up. A meeting-house had a dual purpose as a place of worship and for public discourse, but sometimes only for "...the service of God."[3] As the towns grew and the separation of church and state in the United States matured the buildings which were used as the seat of local government were called a town-house[4] or town-hall.[5]

A Mormon meeting house in Uruguaiana, Brazil, used for weekly services.

Many nonconformist Christian denominations[citation needed] distinguish between a

  • Church, which is used to refer to a body of people who believe in Christ
  • Meeting house or chapel, which refers to the building where the church meets

The nonconformist meeting houses generally do not have steeples, with the term "steeplehouses" being used to describe traditional or establishment religious buildings.[6] Christian denominations which use the term "meeting house" to refer to the building in which they hold their worship include:

The Meeting-house in England[edit]

The Oxford English Dictionary states that a meeting-house in England is always a "...nonconformist or dissenting place of worship..."[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/meeting%20house
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0)© Oxford University Press 2009
  3. ^ Sweeney, Kevin M.. "Meetinghouses, Town Houses, And Churches: Changing Perceptions Of Sacred And Secular Space In Southern New England, 1720-1850." Winterthur Portfolio 28.1 (1993): 59. 1. Print. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1181498?uid=3739800&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21103156020293
  4. ^ J. B. Sewall., "The New England Town-house", The Bay State Monthly, Vol 1, No 5. 1884. 284-290. Print. http://www.gutenberg.org/files/13632/13632-h/13632-h.htm accessed 12/6/2013
  5. ^ William D. Whitney, ed.. The Century Dictionary vol. 8. 1895. 6407. Print. Town-house may also mean a jail, poor-house, or house not in the countryside. See Century Dictionary
  6. ^ Quaker Spirituality: Selected Writings. HarperCollins. 2005. p. 18. ISBN 9780060578725. 
  7. ^ Hamilton, C. Mark (1992), "Meetinghouse", in Ludlow, Daniel H., Encyclopedia of Mormonism, New York, NY: Macmillan, pp. 876–878, ISBN 978-0-02-904040-9, OCLC 24502140 
  8. ^ Seymour, Nicole (March 2006), Ensign http://www.lds.org/ensign/2006/03/news-of-the-church/standardized-meetinghouses-give-a-place-for-more-members-to-meet-and-worship |url= missing title (help), retrieved 2012-10-10  |chapter= ignored (help)
  9. ^ "News Release", Newsroom (LDS Church), 15 November 2007, retrieved 2012-10-10  |chapter= ignored (help)
  10. ^ "Topics and Background", Newsroom (LDS Church), retrieved 2012-10-10  |chapter= ignored (help)
  11. ^ Oxford English Dictionary Second Edition on CD-ROM (v. 4.0) © Oxford University Press 2009
Sources
  • Congdon, Herbert Wheaton. Old Vermont Houses 1763-1850. William L. Bauhan: 1940, 1973. ISBN 978-0-87233-001-6.
  • Duffy, John J., et al. Vermont: An Illustrated History. American Historical Press: 2000. ISBN 978-1-892724-08-3.