Mega (service)

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This article is about the file hosting service. For the website's predecessor, see Megaupload. For other uses, see Mega (disambiguation).
Mega, Ltd.
Logo MEGA.svg website.PNG
The Privacy Company
Type Limited
Predecessor(s) Megaupload
Headquarters Auckland, New Zealand
Founder(s) Kim Dotcom
Key people Kim Dotcom
Mathias Ortmann
Graham Gaylard
Bram van der Kolk
Finn Batato
Tony Lentino
Services Online file hosting
Owner Instra Corporation
MD Corporate Trustee, Limited
Alexa rank Increase 630 (October 2014)[1]
Registration Not required but restrictions do apply.
Users Over 10 million[2]
Available in
Launched 19 January 2013 (2013-01-19)

Mega, Ltd. (stylized in uppercase as MEGA) is a cloud storage and file hosting service. The New Zealand-based website was launched on 19 January 2013 by Kim Dotcom, to coincide with the one-year anniversary of the seizure of his previous enterprise, Megaupload.[4] Mega mobile apps are available for Android, BlackBerry OS and iOS.

Mega advertises most notably its feature that all files are encrypted locally via JavaScript before they are uploaded[5] and 50 GB of storage space are available for free[6] and up to 4 TB for paid accounts.[7]


Kim Dotcom's first file-hosting site Megaupload was seized and shut down on 19 January 2012 by the United States Department of Justice, which began criminal cases against its owners. After Gabon denied the new company domain name,[8] Kim Dotcom announced it would instead be registered in his home country of New Zealand under the domain name[9] Mega launched on 19 January 2013 - a year after Dotcom's original site was shut down. Kim Dotcom reported on Twitter getting over 100,000 registered within the first hour, speculating that this may make Mega the fastest-growing startup in history.[10] Kim Dotcom also reported on Twitter, that the site was extremely busy, and received thousands of user registrations per minute at the time of the tweet.[11] Kim later reported Mega having more than 1 million registered users, and 60 uploads completed every second.[12] To promote his new website, Kim Dotcom hired ice cream chef Gianpaolo Grazioli to create a mega flavour in an extravaganza for his followers.[13] Three days later that number was updated to 500 uploads completed every second.[14] On 7 February 2013, it was announced that the former Chief Executive of InternetNZ, Vikram Kumar, would step in as the new CEO of Mega. Lentino would instead maintain a seat as a director with Mega, and continue to provide his entrepreneurial spirit and skills to the enterprise, he said.[15]

Early users of the site experienced various issues, including slow-to-nonexistent upload speeds and problems logging in.[16] The service improved slightly over the next three days, but remained insufficient for large volumes of uploads. Others said there appeared to be no way to close an account in case it got compromised.[17] Technology commentators blamed the poor performance on the site's popularity, noting it was ranked in the top 150 websites in the world in the first few days of its existence, subsequently dropping a few thousand places.[18]

On 4 July 2013 the Mega Android application was released on the Google Play marketplace.[19] Four days later, on 8 July 2013 the Mega software development kit (SDK) and affiliate program was released.[20] On 4 September 2013, Kim Dotcom stepped down as Director of Mega.[21] In a later interview with the Washington Post on 7 September, Kim Dotcom announced Mega was getting 20,000 signups for the service every day.[22] Mega is currently hosting more than 500 million files,[23] and 3 million more are added every day. Furthermore, Mega receives about 100 DMCA takedowns per day.[24] On 26 November 2013 the official Mega iOS application was released on the App Store marketplace.[25] On 20 January 2014 the official Mega Sync application was released for Windows[26] and on 6 September 2014 the official Mega Sync application was released for Linux.[27]

In September 2014, a report published from Digital Citizens Alliance commissioned via brand protection organisation NetNames characterising site Mega as a 'shadowy cyberlocker'[28] was branded 'grossly untrue and highly defamatory' by Mega's CEO.[29]

Data encryption[edit]

The HTML5 file manager

Dotcom has said that data on the Mega service will be encrypted client-side using the AES algorithm. Since Mega does not know the encryption keys to uploaded files, they cannot decrypt and view the content. Therefore, they cannot be responsible for the contents of uploaded files.[30] Dotcom stated that encrypting files allows them to work with a larger number of data hosting companies around the world, decreasing the likelihood of a Megaupload-style seizure of servers by one government. He mentioned in an interview with Ars Technica that "Each file will be kept with at least two different hosters, [in] at least two different locations," and "That’s a great added benefit for us because you can work with the smallest, most unreliable [hosting] companies. It doesn’t matter because they can’t do anything with that data."[31]

In the first few weeks after the Mega launch, various security problems were found that researchers said an attacker could use to gain access to a logged-in user's files.[32][33][34] In response, Mega started a vulnerability reward program which offers a reward of up to €10,000 for reporting security problems to Mega.[35]

The Mega team indicated that some companies, such as film studios, will have direct access to remove files if they discover the encryption keys online and determine that the content infringes their copyright. Dotcom added that if such companies want to use that tool they would have to agree, prior to receiving access, not to sue Mega or hold the site accountable for the actions of its users.[36]

Data allowances[edit]

  • Free account users are provided with one option:
    • 50 GB of storage space[6] (10 GB bandwidth, every 30 minutes it clears 500 MB)[citation needed]
  • Paid account users are provided with three tiers of options:[7]
    • 500 GB storage (1 TB per month / 12 TB bandwidth per year)
    • TB storage (4 TB per month / 48 TB bandwidth per year)
    • TB storage (8 TB per month / 96 TB bandwidth per year)

If you pay for the annual plan, the bandwidth limits are multiplied for the entire year. So sign up for a yearly Pro I plan, and get 12TB of total bandwidth (1TB x 12 months).


Mega has released some documentation of its API so developers can write their own applications.[37]

According to Mega, in the near future they will provide reference client libraries/SDKs for various programming languages. For now, their JavaScript site code is the only official sample code available, although some programmers have developed samples of the Mega API in Python[38] and .NET,[39] and some applications have started to appear, including features like online video[40] and file synchronization.[41]


According to Mega, the site "works with all major current browsers", but there can be some inconveniences to using browsers other than Google Chrome or Firefox. For example, with Internet Explorer 10, as it has a "memory leak in the Blob saving functionality, you have to close and reopen the Mega tab every couple of hundred megabytes of inbound file transfer".[42] Mega is not compatible with Safari.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ " Site Info". Alexa Internet. Retrieved 29 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Twitter, 27 July 2014, retrieved 27 July 2014 
  3. ^ "Mega". Mega LTD. Retrieved 20 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Elaborate claims about new Dotcom site". 3 News NZ. 1 November 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  5. ^
  6. ^ a b "Help Centre - Account". Official site. Retrieved 2014-05-02. "What do I get with my free account? A globally accessible, high-performance, secure cloud drive with 50 GB of storage space" 
  7. ^ a b "Mega packages". Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  8. ^ "Gabon suspends Kim Dotcom's domain". 3 News NZ. 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "Dotcom goes for NZ web address". 3 News NZ. 13 November 2012. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Dotcom, Kim (19 January 2013). "Kim Dotcom's tweet: 100,000 registered users in less than 1 hour. Fastest growing startup in Internet history? #Mega". Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  11. ^ Dotcom, Kim (19 January 2013). "Site is extremely busy. Currently thousands of user registrations PER MINUTE". Twitter. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Dotcom, Kim (22 January 2013). "60 uploads complete every second!". Twitter. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "Kim Dotcom's delicious PR". 19 January 2013. 
  14. ^ Dotcom, Kim (25 January 2013). "When 500 uploads complete "every second" you know you created something powerful.". Twitter. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  15. ^ Admin (7 February 2013). "Mega Limited appoints new CEO". Retrieved 7 February 2013. 
  16. ^ Satherley, Dan (22 January 2013). "Dotcom apologises to Mega users". 3 News NZ. Retrieved 22 January 2013. 
  17. ^ Boone, Jeb (23 January 2013). "Concerns raised over Mega site security". 3 News NZ. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  18. ^ 3 News online staff (28 January 2013). "Mega: service improves as visitors drop off". 3 News NZ. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 
  19. ^
  20. ^ "MEGA launches SDK and Affiliate program". Official blog. 2013-07-08. Retrieved 2014-05-02. 
  21. ^ CEOWorld magazine (4 September 2013). "Kim Dotcom Has Stepped Down As Director Of Mega File-Storage Startup". Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  22. ^ Kim Dotcom is still wanted by the FBI. But that isn’t slowing him down. Retrieved on 2013-11-27.
  23. ^
  24. ^ Keynote at OSDC 2013 | Internet Ganesha. (2013-11-07). Retrieved on 2013-11-27.
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^ NetNames. "BEHIND THE CYBERLOCKER DOOR: A Report on How Shadowy Cyberlocker Businesses Use Credit Card Companies to Make illions". Digital Citizens Alliance. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  29. ^ "Mega Demands Apology Over “Defamatory” Cyberlocker Report". Retrieved 19 September 2014.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  30. ^ Graeber, Charles (2013-03-28). "Megaupload Is Dead. Long Live Mega! | Threat Level". Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  31. ^ "Building Mega: Ars’ pre-launch interview with Kim Dotcom". Ars Technica. 19 January 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  32. ^ "SpiderOak’s Analysis and Recommendations for the Crypto in Kim Dotcom’s Mega, Part One". 23 January 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  33. ^ Admin (22 January 2013). "A word on cryptography". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  34. ^ Admin (26 January 2013). "Mega's first week - a retrospective". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  35. ^ Admin (2 February 2013). "The Mega Vulnerability Reward Program". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  36. ^ "MegaUpload rises from the dead as Mega – Internet & Media - CNET News". 18 October 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  37. ^ "The Mega API". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  38. ^ "Using the Mega API, with Python examples! | Julien Marchand • Dev blog". 28 January 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  39. ^ "sybil-sink/mega-sdk · GitHub". 8 March 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  40. ^ Andres_age (28 February 2013). "MegaDownloader for Watch videos online - streaming tutorial for". Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  41. ^ "Windows client and .NET API for Mega". Mega Desktop. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  42. ^ Admin (18 January 2013). "A word on browsers". Retrieved 27 June 2013. 

External links[edit]