Meganomiidae

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Meganomiidae
Meganomia gigas 01.jpg
Meganomia gigas
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Superfamily: Apoidea
Clade: Anthophila
Family: Meganomiidae
Subfamilies

Ceratomonia
Meganomia
Pseudophilanthus
Uromonia

The family Meganomiidae is a very small bee family, with 10 species in four genera, found primarily in Africa, primarily in xeric habitats, with the distributional limits in Yemen and Madagascar. Historically, they have been considered a subfamily within the family Melittidae in the broad sense, but recent molecular studies place meganomiids as a sister taxon of the melittids (in a more restricted sense, without the Dasypodaidae)).[1][2][3]

They are rather different in appearance from the other groups of past/present melittids, being large bees (10–22 mm), mostly black with strong yellow markings, resembling anthidiine megachilids.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Danforth, B.N., Sipes, S., Fang, J., Brady, S.G. (2006). "The history of early bee diversification based on five genes plus morphology". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103: 15118–15123. doi:10.1073/pnas.0604033103. PMC 1586180. PMID 17015826. 
  2. ^ Danforth, Bryan. "Bees-a primer" (PDF). Current Biology 17 (5): 156–161. doi:10.1016/j.cub.2007.01.025. 
  3. ^ Michez, Denis (2008). "Monographic revision of the melittid bees (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Melittidae sensu lato)" (PDF). Proceedings of the Netherlands Entomological Society meeting 19: 32.