In Greek mythology, Megara (Μεγάρα) was the oldest daughter of Creon, king of Thebes. In reward for Heracles' defending Thebes from the Minyans at Orchomenus in single-handed battle, Creon offered his daughter Megara to Heracles, and he brought her home to the house of Amphitryon. She bore him a son and a daughter, whom Heracles killed when Hera struck him with temporary madness; in their hero-tombs in Thebes they were venerated as the Chalkoarai. In some sources Heracles slew Megara too, in others, she was given to Iolaus when Heracles left Thebes forever.
- Odyssey 11.269.
- Euripides, Madness of Heracles.
- The number of Megara's sons varies according to the source; the Theban tradition made them eight (Kereny 1959:185f notes Pindar's Fourth Isthmian Ode) but Euripides' Heracles reduced them to three, possibly for the exigencies of his stage tradition, Kereny notes (Kerenyi 1959:1186).
- "Those on whom fell a curse of bronze" (Kerenyi 1959:186).
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheke 2.6.1.
- Kerenyi, Karl, The Heroes of the Greeks (Thames and Hudson) 1959.
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