Meghe Dhaka Tara (2013 film)
|Meghe Dhaka Tara|
|Directed by||Kamaleswar Mukherjee|
|Produced by||Shrikant Mohta
|Written by||Kamaleswar Mukherjee|
|Music by||Debojyoti Mishra|
|2 hours 32 minutes|
Meghe Dhaka Tara (IPA: [meːɡʱeː ɖʱaːkaː t̪ aːra] Cloud Capped Star, 2013) is an Indian Bengali film directed by Kamaleswar Mukherjee and made under Shree Venkatesh Films banners. The film is inspired from the life and works of Bengali film director Ritwik Ghatak. The entire film is in black and white except the last scene which has been shot in colour. In this film Saswata Chatterjee plays the character of Nilkantha Bagchi and Ananya Chatterjee plays the role of Durga, Nilkantha's wife. The film was released on 14 June 2013. Besides giving an account of Ghatak's life, the film also depicts the socio-political environment of contemporary West Bengal during the Tebhaga and Naxalite movements.
Anandabazar Patrika, after a special screening of the film in November 2012, wrote in their review that this film had potential to become a "classic" film. The acting of Saswata Chatterjee as Nilkantha Bagchi was widely appreciated too.
- 1 Plot
- 2 Credits
- 3 Production
- 4 Soundtracks
- 5 Release
- 6 Reception
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
To Ritwik Ghatak film was not merely a form of entertainment, but a weapon, a medium to portray struggle of common men. He was successful neither in his career nor could he become a good family man or husband. Still he was an artist who never compromised for personal gain, fame or profit.
The story of the film starts in 1969 and deals with Ritwik Ghatak's time spent in a mental asylum. It shows Nilkantha being admitted to mental asylum under the supervision of Doctor S. P. Mukherjee. S. P. Mukherjee learns that the Prime Minister of India knows Nilkantha and is fond of his works and may request the hospital authority to take special care of him. In the hospital a police officer sees Nilkantha and tells Doctor Mukherjee that he is a wasted drunkard. Another patient of hospital mocks Nilkantha as a "disgraced intellectual". Even while he was undergoing treatment in the hospitals, he writes a play and stages it with other asylum patients.
The film shows how Durga (Nilkantha's wife) wants to leave him saying "separation is essential". Nilkantha witnessed partition of Bengal and its devastating effect and in his youth became attracted towards communism. Throughout the film Nilkantha's mental agony, struggles, inner contradictions, disappointments as well as financial troubles faced by him are shown. He clearly tells, it is not possible for him to make entertaining or commercial films. During a discussion Nilkantha asks Doctor Mukherjee that should a man perform mujra at a time when the society is burning? He also tells Doctor Mukherjee that he is a "people's artist" and that is his job.
The film also shows the atmosphere of Bengal during Tebhaga and Naxalite movements. A scene has been shown in the film where a book named "How to be a good communist?" is burning. This scene symbolises Ghatak's dissatisfaction with India's communist politics. When Durga tells Nilkantha that they don't have a single rupee to run the family, Nilkantha readily replies, it is not money but it is one's work which will remain forever.
- Saswata Chatterjee as Nilkantha Bagchi
- Ananya Chatterjee as Durga
- Abir Chatterjee as Doctor S. P. Mukherjee
- Rahul Banerjee as Anil Chatterjee
- Joydeep Mukherjee as Hrishikesh Mukherjee
- Abhijit Guha as Salil Choudhury
- Padmanabha Dasgupta as Kali Banerjee
- Anindya Bose as Mrinal Sen
- Mumtaz Sorcar as Supriya Devi
- Bidipta Chakrabarty as Shobha Sen
- Subhasish Mukhopadhyay as Bijon Bhattacharya
- Biswajit Chakraborty as Charuprakash Ghosh
- Shantilal Mukherjee
- Arup Kumar Ganguly as Freedom Fighter
- Anindya Banerjee as Patient in Mental Asylum
- Debpratim Dasgupta as Patient in Mental Asylum
- Direction, story, screenplay: Kamaleswar Mukherjee
- Music direction, background music: Debojyoti Mishra
- Sound designing, film mix: Biswadeep Chatterjee
- Art direction: Tanmay Chakraborty
- Cinematography: Soumik Halder
- Editing: Rabiranjan Maitra
- Dance choreography: Tanusree Shankar
Director Kamaleswar Mukherjee wanted to pay tribute to film-maker Ritwik Ghatak and decided to make this film which is a fictional account of a filmmaker's life and the filmmaker's character is inspired by Ritwik Ghatak's life and works. He told, he got inspiration from all of Ghatak's works and his life, Ghatak's Meghe Dhaka Tara (1960) was one of them. This film was Mukherjee's second films as a director after Uro Chithi which was a box-office failure. At first the film was named Jwala (meaning, "pain" or "agony"). About the title of the film Mukherjee told, despite being a film director Ghatk's life was capped with clouds which creates a connection between Ghatak and Nilkantha, the protagonist of the film.
Mukherjee used the following books to do the research works for the film—
- Ritwik Tantra (Bengali) written by Sanjay Mukhopadhyay
- a) Ritwik and b) Padma theke Titash (Bengali) written by Surama Ghatak, Anushtup publication
- Chalachitra, Manush o Aro Kichu (Bengali) written by Sanjay Mukhopadhyay, Dey's Publishing, ISBN 81-295-0397-2.
- Ritwik Ghatak (Bengali) by Rajat Roy
- a) Ritwik ekti nadir naam and b) Sakshat Ritwik (Bengali) written by Sanghita Ghatak
- Ritwik-da, Salil-da (Bengali) written by Tushar Talukdar
The entire film is in black and white except the last scene which has been shot in colour. The scene is the film's climax too. The film was shot in Kolkata and Purulia. Some of the most important scenes of the film were shot in Purulia including a long rain scene where Ghatak too shot his last film Jukti Takko Aar Gappo. Kamaleswar Mukherjee found the local people of Purulia enthusiastic and helpful. Some of the rehearsals were organized at Kolkata's Muktangan theatre.
Film's director Kamaleswar Mukherjee told in an interview– "Neither is my film Ritwik's biopic, nor is it a remake of his legendary film. It tells a story in a completely new style, and has no similarity with the original. I'm inspired by all of Ghatak's works and his life; "MDT" is just one of them. The audience will realize this once they watch my film." 
Saswata Chatterjee described the film as a "dream project" and told his experiences during the shooting were incredible. He also told that he was amazed to see the amount of research works Kamaleswar Mukherjee did to direct this film.
Characters and casting
Saswata Chatterjee as Nilkantha Bagchi
Saswata Chatterjee portrayed Nilkantha's character in the film. Kamaleswar Mukherjee told in an interview that Saswata was their first choice for this role as he felt "Apu da"[α] was perfect to portray the character. Mahendra Soni, one of the producers of the film, later told if Saswata had denied to play the character then they would have asked Kamaleswar Mukherjee to act the role himself as they knew Mukherjee had a theatre background and is a good actor too.
After playing the role of Bob Biswas in film Kahaani Saswata received many similar offers, but he did not want to repeat his performance of Bob. When the offer of this film's protagonist role came to him he accepted. Chatterjee had already worked with film's director Kamaleswar Mukherjee before. In an interview Chatterjee told that he tried to give his weight and he shed somebody weight to fit in the character of Nilkantha. He told, he watched a lot of Ghatak's films and documentaries to understand his body language.
Chatterjee told in an interview that during the shooting he became so involved with his character that he even faced difficulties to talk to his wife Mohua at that time.
Ananya Chatterjee as Durga
Ananya Chatterjee played the role of Durga, Nilkantha's wife. In the film Jukti Takko Aar Gappo too the name of Nilkantha's wife character was Durga. Kamaleswar Mukherjee selected Chatterjee to portray this role for her acting skill and Mukherjee found a type of seriousness in her expressions which was needed for the role. To prepare for this role, Chatterjee used to read the script of the film over and over again. She also used to spend time to understand Durga's feelings towards Nilkantha.
Doctor S. P. Mukherjee
Abir Chattejee played the role of psychiatrist Doctor S. P. Mukherjee. Doctor Mukherjee tries to find out Nilkantha's confusion. This was an important character in the film. Ananya Chatterjee later told in a light mode— "actually, in this film, Abir is like Saswata’s wife because they are together in most of the scenes."
Meenu's character, inspired by Supriya Devi, was played by Mumtaz Sorcar. Sorcar felt, portraying this role was a very difficult job, but, she thanked Kamaleswar Mukherjee for giving her independence to develop the character in her own way.
Bikram is playwright, theatre director and actor. The character was inspired from Bijon Bhattacharya and was played by Subhasish Mukherjee.
|1.||"Bandar, Bandar, Bandar, Bandar" (Song)||Anurup, Arijit|
|2.||"Math Pathar, Gram Nagar, Bandare Toiri Hao" (Poem Shapath, the actual line of the main poem is— (Tai)Gram Nagar, Math pathar, Bandare Toiri Hao)||Salil Chowdhury|
|3.||"Moder kono desh nai"||Anurup Mallick|
The film is released on 14 June in Kolkata with English subtitles. In an interview given in August 2012, Kamaleswar Mukherjee expected that the film would release in mid-October of that year, but the release got delayed because the production house of the film wanted to send it in different international film festivals first. The film was attempted to be sent at Cannes Film Festival and it was screened at Berlin International Film Festival. The film created lots of excitement before its release.
After a special screening of the film in Kolkata, Anandabazar Patrika published a review in their newspaper on 28 November 2012. In that review, the making of the film was widely appreciated and the film was tagged as an "authentic period film". The review highly praised Saswata Chatterjee's acting as Nilkantha and gave it "letter marks". They also felt Saswata Chatterjee's portrayal of Nilkantha was better than his previous popular character Bob Biswas of Kahaani. The review predicted that this film had potential to become a "cult" or "classic" film in future.
After watching this film in a closed preview, Bengali film director Raj Chakraborty cancelled editing works of his own film for that day. Raj Chakraborty later told— "how could I do editing works of my own film on a day in which I saw a film like Meghe Dhaka Tara? I did not want to commit such mistake!" He also told that he was even ready to work as an assistant director to Kamaleswar Mukherjee who made such a film.
After watching the film, Shrikant Mohta of Shree Venkatesh Films felt this was the best film made under their banners.
The film received positive reviews from reviewers and critics. The Times of India commented in their review, though Ghatak's personal life was well-known, Mukherjee's fictional retelling of his life was interesting. They found the script of the film well-researched and the real life characters like Bijon Bhattacharya, Sobha Sen, Supriya Devi were woven neatly. They stated, using color in only the last few scenes was a masterstroke.
- Centenary Award at International Film Festival of India, Goa 2013
- Silver Crow Pheasant Award for the Best Director at International Film Festival of Kerala, 2013
- NETPAC Award International Film Festival of Kerala, 2013 
- Nick name of Saswata Chatterjee is "Apu"
- "Meghe Dhaka Tara review". ToI. 19 June 2013. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
- "Kamaleswar’s next film is 'Meghe Dhaka Tara'". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Ritwik Ghatak Meghe Dhaka Tara". Telegraph, Calcutta. 16 June 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
- "মেঘে ঢাকা ঋত্বিক". Anandabazar Patrika. 28 November 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2013. (Bengali)
- "Meghe Dhaka Tara". Venkatesh Films. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "ঋত্বিকের জীবন নিয়ে তৈরি ছবি ‘মেঘে ঢাকা তারা’". Manab Jamin. Retrieved 18 May 2013. (Bengali)
- "MDT 1960 arthouse". Art House Cinema. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
- "লাইটস, ক্যামেরা, প্যারাসিটামল". Anandabazar Patrika. Retrieved 18 May 2013. (Bengali)
- "Jwala Bengali movie". Bhalobasa.in. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Proloy strikes Raj crew". The Times of India. 12 February 2013. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "বলিউড ডাকছে : শাশ্বত চট্টোপাধ্যায়". Anandabazar Patrika. Retrieved 18 May 2013. (Bengali)
- "Bob’s Next Cut". The Indian Express. 1 July 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "A few scenes of Meghe Dhaka Tara gave me jitters: Saswata Chatterjee". The Times of India. 4 June 2013. Retrieved 4 June 2013.
- "Meghe Dhaka Tara – Saswata, Ananya and Kamaleswar: Up Close and Personal". Shree Venkatesh Film. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- "The cerebral star". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Small roles, big leap for actors of Meghe Dhaka Tara". The Times of India. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- "মুমতাজ এবার সুপ্রিয়া দেবী মুমতাজ এবার স্মৃতির সরণিতে". Times Bengali. Retrieved 18 May 2013. (Bengali)
- "Meghe Dhaka Tara (2013) : Trailer". MadAboutMoviez. Retrieved 18 May 2013.
- "Electrifying First Trailer For Dark Bengali Film Meghe Dhaka Tara". Twitch. Retrieved 25 May 2013.
- "ঋত্বিক একটি বোধের নাম". Anandabazar Patrika. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- "Awards at IFFK 2013". The New Indian Express. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
|Official trailer of the film at YouTube|