Meglena Kuneva

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Meglena Kuneva
Meglena Kuneva 2013.jpg
Chairperson of Movement BG
Incumbent
Assumed office
December 2011
European Commissioner for Consumer Protection
In office
1 January 2007 – 9 February 2010
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Markos Kyprianou (Health and Consumer Protection)
Succeeded by John Dalli (Health and Consumer Policy)
Personal details
Born (1957-06-22) 22 June 1957 (age 57)
Sofia, Bulgaria
Political party Movement "Bulgaria of the Citizens" (2011-present)
National Movement for Stability and Progress (2001-2011)
Spouse(s) Andrey Pramov
Alma mater Sofia University
Profession Lawyer
Journalist
Religion Roman Catholic[citation needed]

Meglena Shtilianova Kuneva (Bulgarian: Меглена Щилиянова Кунева) (born 22 June 1957) is a Bulgarian and EU politician.

Biography[edit]

Born in Sofia she is descended from a Catholic family[1] from the town of Rakovski. Kuneva graduated in Law from Sofia University in 1981. In 1984 she became a Doctor of Law.[check year, 1986 according to other sources] She worked as a journalist for the Law Programme of the Bulgarian National Radio while being an Assistant Professor at Sofia University. In 1990 she took a job as Senior Legal Advisor at the Council of Ministers and held it until 2001. In the meantime Kuneva specialized in Foreign Affairs and Environmental Law at Georgetown University and other universities abroad.[2]

In June 2001 she was elected a deputy (Member of Bulgarian Parliament) as a founding member of the Liberal Simeon II National Movement (NDSV) party. In August 2001 Kuneva left her position in the Bulgarian parliament because she was appointed Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chief Negotiator of the Republic of Bulgaria with the European Union. She represented the Bulgarian Government in the Convention on the Future of Europe (the European Convention), which designed the EU Constitutional Treaty (the European Constitution).

In May 2002 she was appointed Bulgaria's first Minister of European Affairs in the government of former Tsar Simeon Sakskoburggotski. She held that job even after the 2005 parliamentary elections, when NDSV became a junior partner in the Bulgarian Socialist Party-dominated coalition government of Sergey Stanishev – the only minister of the former cabinet to retain her post.

On 26 October 2006 Kuneva was nominated to be Bulgaria's first member of the European Commission. European Commission President Jose Manuel Durao Barroso assigned her the portfolio of Consumer Protection.[3] Kuneva was decisively approved by the European Parliament on 12 December 2006 with 583 votes "in favour", 21 votes "against" and 28 votes "abstentions". She commenced her mandate as EU Commissioner on 1 January 2007, when Bulgaria officially joined the EU. On 22 January 2007 Meglena Kuneva took an Oath as a European Commissioner at the European Court in Luxembourg. One of her first acts as a European Commissioner was to criticize the iPod and its effects on the youth in Bulgaria.[citation needed]

Meglena Kuneva is married to financier Andrey Pramov, a son of the secretary of the Central Committee of the Bulgarian Communist Party (1962–1978), and has one son – Aleksandar.[2] In addition to her native Bulgarian, she is fluent in English, French, and Russian. An avid reader and supporter of literature, she has been chosen to be a member of the jury for the Vick Foundation for the selection of the 2008 Bulgarian Novel of the Year.[4] This Foundation ended its activities in February 2010.

Focus of her actions[edit]

Meglena Kuneva was the Commissioner for Consumer Protection at the European Commission.

Meglena Kuneva is interested in online data collection (of personal data), profiling and behavioral targeting, and in particular is looking for "enforcing existing regulation on the Internet and to regulate where adequate response to consumer concerns on the issue of data collection".[5] More specifically Meglena Kuneva proposes three particular strands of actions that must be addressed:[6] privacy policies, commercial communications and commercial discrimination.

Expressed views[edit]

In October 2013, Kuneva announced her position strictly against the ban on land sale to foreigners that was voted by the Bulgarian Parliament.[7] This closely matches the view the European Commission has taken on the matter.

In December 2013 she said that "she felt more pity than anger toward" Plamen Oresharski because he is not the real decision maker in the Council of Ministers.[8]

Personal life[edit]

Kuneva's hobby is listening to classical music.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who Is Who: Meglena Kuneva
  2. ^ a b Lilov 2013, p. 65.
  3. ^ European Commission press release: President Barroso presents the Commissioner designate for Bulgaria (2006-10-26; reference IP/06/1485)
  4. ^ 2008 VICK PRIZE JURY:EUROPEAN COMMISSIONER, PROFESSORS AND A FILM DIRECTOR
  5. ^ Behavioural targeting at the European Consumer Summit, 8 April 2009
  6. ^ Meglena Kuneva (2009). Keynote Speech. Roundtable on Online Data Collection, Targeting and Profiling. Brussels, 31 March 2009
  7. ^ Ban on Land Sale to Foreigners Serves Bulgaria’s Oligarchs - Kuneva
  8. ^ Interview for New York Times
  9. ^ Lilov 2013, p. 64.
Bibliography
Lilov, Grigor (2013). Най-богатите българи (1st ed.). Sofia: „Кайлас” ЕООД. ISBN 978-954-92098-9-1. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
New office Bulgarian European Commissioner
2007–2010
Succeeded by
Kristalina Georgieva
Preceded by
Markos Kyprianou
as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Protection
European Commissioner for Consumer Protection
2007–2010
Succeeded by
John Dalli
as European Commissioner for Health and Consumer Policy